实战Struts+Spring+Hibernate

原创 2006年06月07日 17:46:00

实战Struts+Spring+Hibernate

经过几天在网上的搜索,查看了关于Struts、Spring、Hibernate的文章,在实际的使用后得到了一些体会。鉴于很多资料不全或较旧,特写下一篇较为完整的实战指南,包括主要程序类和配置文件。

一、准备篇
 实战前需准备以下开发组件(都是目前最新版本)。
 1、Struts 1.2.9,从www.apache.org网站可下载。
 2、spring-framework-1.2.8,从www.springframework.org网站可下载。
 3、Hibernate 3.1.3,从www.hibernate.org网站可下载。
 4、Tomcat 5.0.28,从www.apache.org网站可下载。
 
二、程序篇
 java包我们建立如下结构
 hibernate存放hibernate相关类
 impl存放service实现类
 interfaces存放接口类
 player存放struts相关类
 
1、Hiberate相关类(HBM、PO)可以使用工具直接生成,这里不再列出

2、IPlayerDAO.java 持久层的接口类

public interface IPlayerDAO
{
 public abstract List findTop(final int count);
 public abstract TblPlayer findById(String id);
}


3、TblPlayerDAO.java 持久层的接口的实现类,HibernateDaoSupport提供了对Hibernate良好的支持,下例的两个方法显示了HibernateTemplate的两种最常用的方法。

public class TblPlayerDAO extends HibernateDaoSupport implements IPlayerDAO
{
 public List findTop(final int count)
 {
  return (List) getHibernateTemplate().execute(new HibernateCallback()
  {
   public Object doInHibernate(Session session) throws HibernateException
   {
    Query q = session.createQuery("select player from TblPlayer player order by player.Id");
    q.setFirstResult(0);
    q.setMaxResults(count);
    return q.list();
   }
  });
 }

 public TblPlayer findById(String id)
 {
  return (TblPlayer) getHibernateTemplate().get(TblPlayer.class, id);
 }
}

4、IPlayerService 业务层接口类

public interface IPlayerService
{
 public abstract void setPlayerDAO(IPlayerDAO playerDAO);
 public abstract List findTop(final int count);
 public abstract TblPlayer findById(String id);
}

5、PlayerServiceImpl 业务层接口实现类
public class PlayerServiceImpl implements IPlayerService
{
 IPlayerDAO playerDAO = null;
 
 public void setPlayerDAO(IPlayerDAO playerDAO)
 {
  this.playerDAO = playerDAO;
 }
 

 public List findTop(final int count)
 {
  return playerDAO.findTop(count);
 }
 
 public TblPlayer findById(String id)
 {
  TblPlayer player = playerDAO.findById(id);
  return player;
 }
}

6、PlayerAction.java
public class PlayerAction extends Action
{
 private IPlayerService playerService;
 
 public void setPlayerService(IPlayerService playerService)
 {  
  this.playerService = playerService;
 }
 
    public ActionForward execute(ActionMapping mapping, ActionForm actionForm, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
    {
     PlayerForm form = (PlayerForm)actionForm;
     try
     {      
      TblPlayer player = playerService.findById(form.getPlayer().getId());
      request.setAttribute("player",player);
     }
     catch(Exception e)
     {
      request.setAttribute("errorMsg","选手未找到");
      log.error(e,e);
     }
     return mapping.findForward("ViewDetail");
    }
}

7、PlayerForm
public class PlayerForm extends ActionForm
{
 static final long serialVersionUID = -9073943177741915925L;
 TblPlayer player = new TblPlayer();
 public TblPlayer getPlayer()
 {
  return player;
 }
 public void setPlayer(TblPlayer player)
 {
  this.player = player;
 }
 
}

三、配置篇
1、web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<!DOCTYPE web-app
  PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.2//EN"
  "http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/web-app_2_2.dtd">

<web-app>
  <display-name>Tour Web Application</display-name>
  <context-param>
   <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
   <param-value>/WEB-INF/applicationContext-hibernate.xml</param-value>
  </context-param> 
 
  <filter>
     <filter-name>CharacterEncoding</filter-name>
     <filter-class>com.lutong.CharsetFilter</filter-class>
  </filter>
   
  <filter>
     <filter-name>OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
     <filter-class>org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class>
  </filter>
 
  <filter-mapping>
     <filter-name>CharacterEncoding</filter-name>
     <servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
  </filter-mapping>
 
  <filter-mapping>
     <filter-name>OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
     <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
 
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>WebLog</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.kehaoinfo.log.WebLog</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>log4j-init-file</param-name>
      <param-value>/WEB-INF/classes/log4j.properties</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
 
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>SpringContextServlet</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderServlet</servlet-class>
    <load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
 
  <!-- Standard Action Servlet Configuration (with debugging) -->
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>config</param-name>
      <param-value>/WEB-INF/struts-config.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>debug</param-name>
      <param-value>2</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>detail</param-name>
      <param-value>2</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>3</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>


  <!-- Standard Action Servlet Mapping -->
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>


  <!-- The Usual Welcome File List -->
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>


  <!-- Struts Tag Library Descriptors -->
  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/struts-bean</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>

  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/struts-html</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>

  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/struts-logic</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>

  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/struts-nested</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-nested.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>

  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/struts-tiles</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-tiles.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>

  <taglib>
    <taglib-uri>/tags/spring</taglib-uri>
    <taglib-location>/WEB-INF/spring.tld</taglib-location>
  </taglib>
 
</web-app>

2、applicationContext-hibernate.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd">

<!--
  - Root application context for the Countries application.
  - Web-specific beans are defined in "countries-servlet.xml".
  -->
<beans> 
 <bean id="myDataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close"> 
  <property name="driverClassName" value="net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver"/>
  <property name="url" value="jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://192.167.0.107:1433/tour;charset=gb2312"/>
  <property name="username" value="sa"/>
  <property name="password" value=""/>
 </bean>
 
 <bean id="mySessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
  <property name="mappingResources">
   <list>
    <value>com/lutong/tour/hibernate/hbm/TblPlayer.hbm</value>
   </list>
  </property>
  
  <property name="hibernateProperties">
   <props>
    <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect</prop>
    <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
    <prop key="hibernate.cglib.use_reflection_optimizer">true</prop>
   </props>
  </property>
  
  <property name="dataSource"><ref bean="myDataSource"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <bean id="myTransactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">
  <property name="sessionFactory"><ref local="mySessionFactory"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <!-- ExceptionTranslator  -->
 <bean id="jdbcExceptionTranslator" class="org.springframework.jdbc.support.SQLErrorCodeSQLExceptionTranslator">
  <property name="dataSource"><ref bean="myDataSource"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <!-- Hibernate Template  -->
 <bean id="hibernateTemplate" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTemplate">
  <property name="sessionFactory"><ref bean="mySessionFactory"/></property>
  <property name="jdbcExceptionTranslator"><ref bean="jdbcExceptionTranslator"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <!-- baseTransactionProxy -->
 <bean id="baseTransactionProxy" abstract="true" class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean">
  <property name="transactionManager"><ref bean="myTransactionManager"/></property>
  <property name="proxyTargetClass"><value>true</value></property> 
  <property name="transactionAttributes">
   <props>
    <prop key="save*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
    <prop key="update*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
    <prop key="delete*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
    <prop key="submit*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
    <prop key="get*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,readOnly</prop>
    <prop key="find*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,readOnly</prop>
    <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,readOnly</prop>
   </props>
  </property>
 </bean> 
 
 <!-- DAO implements -->
 <bean id="playerDAO" class="com.lutong.tour.hibernate.dao.TblPlayerDAO">
  <property name="sessionFactory"><ref bean="mySessionFactory"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <!-- Service implements -->
 <bean id="playerService" class="com.lutong.tour.impl.PlayerServiceImpl">
  <property name="playerDAO"><ref bean="playerDAO"/></property>
 </bean>
 
 <!-- ProxyFaction --> 
 <bean id="playerManager" parent="baseTransactionProxy">
  <property name="target"><ref local="playerService"/></property>  
 </bean>
</beans>

3、applicationContext-struts.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd">

<beans>  
 <bean name="/player" class="com.lutong.tour.player.PlayerAction" singleton="false"> 
  <property name="playerService"><ref bean="playerManager"/></property>  
 </bean>
</beans>

4、struts-config.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>

<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC
          "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.2//EN"
          "http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/dtds/struts-config_1_2.dtd">

<struts-config>


<!-- ================================================ Form Bean Definitions -->

    <form-beans>
     <form-bean name="playerForm" type="com.lutong.tour.player.PlayerForm" />
    </form-beans>


<!-- ========================================= Global Exception Definitions -->

    <global-exceptions>
        <!-- sample exception handler
        <exception
            key="expired.password"
            type="app.ExpiredPasswordException"
            path="/changePassword.jsp"/>
        end sample -->
    </global-exceptions>


<!-- =========================================== Global Forward Definitions -->

    <global-forwards>
        <!-- Default forward to "Welcome" action -->
        <!-- Demonstrates using index.jsp to forward -->
        <forward name="error" path="/message.jsp" />   
     <forward name="message" path="/message.jsp" />
     <forward name="PlatLogout" path="/web/logout.jsp" />
    </global-forwards>


<!-- =========================================== Action Mapping Definitions -->

    <action-mappings>
 <action
   name="playerForm"
   path="/player"
   type="org.springframework.web.struts.DelegatingActionProxy"
            scope="request"
   validate="true">
   <forward
    name="ViewDetail"
    path="/playerDetail.jsp"/>
 </action>
    </action-mappings>

    <controller processorClass="org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesRequestProcessor"/>

    <message-resources parameter="MessageResources" />


    <plug-in className="org.apache.struts.tiles.TilesPlugin" >

      <!-- Path to XML definition file -->
      <set-property property="definitions-config"
                       value="/WEB-INF/tiles-defs.xml" />
      <!-- Set Module-awareness to true -->
      <set-property property="moduleAware" value="true" />
    </plug-in>


  <plug-in className="org.apache.struts.validator.ValidatorPlugIn">
    <set-property
        property="pathnames"
        value="/WEB-INF/validator-rules.xml,/WEB-INF/validation.xml"/>
  </plug-in> 
 
  <plug-in className="org.springframework.web.struts.ContextLoaderPlugIn">
    <set-property
        property="contextConfigLocation"
        value="/WEB-INF/applicationContext-struts.xml"/>
  </plug-in>
 
</struts-config>

 

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