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389. Find the Difference

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Given two strings s and t which consist of only lowercase letters.

String t is generated by random shuffling string s and then add one more letter at a random position.

Find the letter that was added in t.

Example:

Input:
s = “abcd”
t = “abcde”

Output:
e

Explanation:
‘e’ is the letter that was added.
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解题思路:就是用个hashmap存储字母分布,然后找出不一样的。这里直接用Java的hashmap,因为题目限定是小写字母,其实可以使用26位的数组即可。

public class Solution {
    public char findTheDifference(String s, String t) {
        int slen = s.length();
        int tlen = t.length();
        Map<Character, Integer> map = new HashMap<Character, Integer>();
        for(int i = 0; i < slen; i++)
        {
            if(map.containsKey(s.charAt(i)))
            {
                int value = map.get(s.charAt(i));
                value++;
                map.put(s.charAt(i), value);
            }else{
                map.put(s.charAt(i), 1);
            }
        }
        char res='\0';
        for(int i = 0; i < tlen; i++)
        {
            if(map.containsKey(t.charAt(i)))
            {
              int value = map.get(t.charAt(i));
              value--;
              if(value < 0)
              {
                  res = t.charAt(i);
                  break;
              }
              map.put(t.charAt(i), value);
            }else{
                res = t.charAt(i);
                break;
            }

        }
        return res;
    }
}
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