.NET中各种数据库连接大全

原创 2004年07月16日 20:37:00

来源:http://www.connectionstrings.com/ 

 

·   SQL Server

  •  ODBC


    •  Standard Security:

"Driver={SQL Server};Server=Aron1;Database=pubs;Uid=sa;Pwd=asdasd;"

 

    •  Trusted connection:

"Driver={SQL Server};Server=Aron1;Database=pubs;Trusted_Connection=yes;"

 

    •  Prompt for username and password:

oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways
oConn.Open "Driver={SQL Server};Server=Aron1;DataBase=pubs;"

 

  •  OLE DB, OleDbConnection (.NET)


    •  Standard Security:

"Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=Aron1;Initial Catalog=pubs;User Id=sa;Password=asdasd;"

 

    •  Trusted Connection:

"Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=Aron1;Initial Catalog=pubs;Integrated Security=SSPI;"

(use serverName/instanceName as Data Source to use an specifik SQLServer instance, only SQLServer2000)

    •  Prompt for username and password:

oConn.Provider = "sqloledb"
oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways
oConn.Open "Data Source=Aron1;Initial Catalog=pubs;"

 

    •  Connect via an IP address:

"Provider=sqloledb;Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=pubs;User ID=sa;Password=asdasd;"

(DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes, at the end of the Data Source is the port to use (1433 is the default))

  •  SqlConnection (.NET)


"Data Source=Aron1;Initial Catalog=pubs;User Id=sa;Password=asdasd;"
   - or -
"Server=Aron1;Database=pubs;User ID=sa;Password=asdasd;Trusted_Connection=False"
   (booth connection strings produces the same result)

 

"Data Source=Aron1;Initial Catalog=pubs;Integrated Security=SSPI;"
   - or -
"Server=Aron1;Database=pubs;Trusted_Connection=True;"
   (booth connection strings produces the same result)

(use serverName/instanceName as Data Source to use an specifik SQLServer instance, only SQLServer2000)

"Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=pubs;User ID=sa;Password=asdasd;"

(DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes, at the end of the Data Source is the port to use (1433 is the default))

C#:
using System.Data.SqlClient;
SqlConnection oSQLConn = new SqlConnection();
oSQLConn.ConnectionString="my connectionstring";
oSQLConn.Open();

 

VB.NET:
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Dim oSQLConn As SqlConnection = New SqlConnection()
oSQLConn.ConnectionString="my connectionstring"
oSQLConn.Open()

 

  •  Data Shape


Want to learn data shaping? Check out 4GuyfFromRolla's great article about Data Shaping >>

  •  Read more


Name

Network library

dbnmpntw

Win32 Named Pipes

dbmssocn

Win32 Winsock TCP/IP

dbmsspxn

Win32 SPX/IPX

dbmsvinn

Win32 Banyan Vines

dbmsrpcn

Win32 Multi-Protocol (Windows RPC)

Name

Default

Description

Application Name

 

The name of the application, or '.Net SqlClient Data Provider' if no application name is provided.

AttachDBFilename
-or-
extended properties
-or-
Initial File Name

 

The name of the primary file, including the full path name, of an attachable database. The database name must be specified with the keyword 'database'.

Connect Timeout
-or-
Connection Timeout

15

The length of time (in seconds) to wait for a connection to the server before terminating the attempt and generating an error.

Connection Lifetime

0

When a connection is returned to the pool, its creation time is compared with the current time, and the connection is destroyed if that time span (in seconds) exceeds the value specified by connection lifetime. Useful in clustered configurations to force load balancing between a running server and a server just brought on-line.

Connection Reset

'true'

Determines whether the database connection is reset when being removed from the pool. Setting to 'false' avoids making an additional server round-trip when obtaining a connection, but the programmer must be aware that the connection state is not being reset.

Current Language

 

The SQL Server Language record name.

Data Source
-or-
Server
-or-
Address
-or-
Addr
-or-
Network Address

 

The name or network address of the instance of SQL Server to which to connect.

Enlist

'true'

When true, the pooler automatically enlists the connection in the creation thread's current transaction context.

Initial Catalog
-or-
Database

 

The name of the database.

Integrated Security
-or-
Trusted_Connection

'false'

Whether the connection is to be a secure connection or not. Recognized values are 'true', 'false', and 'sspi', which is equivalent to 'true'.

Max Pool Size

100

The maximum number of connections allowed in the pool.

Min Pool Size

0

The minimum number of connections allowed in the pool.

Network Library
-or-
Net

'dbmssocn'

The network library used to establish a connection to an instance of SQL Server. Supported values include dbnmpntw (Named Pipes), dbmsrpcn (Multiprotocol), dbmsadsn (Apple Talk), dbmsgnet (VIA), dbmsipcn (Shared Memory) and dbmsspxn (IPX/SPX), and dbmssocn (TCP/IP).
The corresponding network DLL must be installed on the system to which you connect. If you do not specify a network and you use a local server (for example, "." or "(local)"), shared memory is used.

Packet Size

8192

Size in bytes of the network packets used to communicate with an instance of SQL Server.

Password
-or-
Pwd

 

The password for the SQL Server account logging on.

Persist Security Info

'false'

When set to 'false', security-sensitive information, such as the password, is not returned as part of the connection if the connection is open or has ever been in an open state. Resetting the connection string resets all connection string values including the password.

Pooling

'true'

When true, the SQLConnection object is drawn from the appropriate pool, or if necessary, is created and added to the appropriate pool.

User ID

 

The SQL Server login account.

Workstation ID

the local computer name

The name of the workstation connecting to SQL Server.

·   Access

  •  ODBC


"Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};Dbq=C:/mydatabase.mdb;Uid=Admin;Pwd=;"

 

"Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};Dbq=C:/mydatabase.mdb;SystemDB=C:/mydatabase.mdw;"

 

"Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};Dbq=C:/mydatabase.mdb;Exclusive=1;Uid=admin;Pwd="

 

  •  OLE DB, OleDbConnection (.NET)


    •  Standard security:

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=/somepath/mydb.mdb;User Id=admin;Password=;"

 

    •  Workgroup (system database):

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=/somepath/mydb.mdb;Jet OLEDB:System Database=system.mdw;"

 

    •  With password:

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=/somepath/mydb.mdb;Jet OLEDB:Database Password=MyDbPassword;"

 

·   Oracle

  •  ODBC


"Driver={Microsoft ODBC for Oracle};Server=OracleServer.world;Uid=Username;Pwd=asdasd;"

 

"Driver={Microsoft ODBC Driver for Oracle};ConnectString=OracleServer.world;Uid=myUsername;Pwd=myPassword;"

 

  •  OLE DB, OleDbConnection (.NET)


"Provider=msdaora;Data Source=MyOracleDB;User Id=UserName;Password=asdasd;"

This one's from Microsoft, the following are from Oracle

"Provider=OraOLEDB.Oracle;Data Source=MyOracleDB;User Id=Username;Password=asdasd;"

 

"Provider=OraOLEDB.Oracle;Data Source=MyOracleDB;OSAuthent=1;"

 

  •  OracleConnection (.NET)


"Data Source=Oracle8i;Integrated Security=yes;"

This one works only with Oracle 8i release 3 or later

"Data Source=Oracle8i;User Id=username;Password=passwd;Integrated Security=no;"

This one works only with Oracle 8i release 3 or later

C#:
using System.Data.OracleClient;
OracleConnection oOracleConn = new OracleConnection();
oOracleConn.ConnectionString = "my connectionstring";
oOracleConn.Open();

 

VB.NET:
Imports System.Data.OracleClient
Dim oOracleConn As OracleConnection = New OracleConnection()
oOracleConn.ConnectionString = "my connectionstring"
oOracleConn.Open()

 

  •  Core Labs OraDirect (.NET)


Read more at Core Lab and the product page.

  •  Data Shape


Want to learn data shaping? Check out 4GuyfFromRolla's great article about Data Shaping >>

·   MySQL

  •  ODBC


"Driver={mySQL};Server=mySrvName;Option=16834;Database=mydatabase;"

 

"Driver={mySQL};Server=data.domain.com;Port=3306;Option=131072;Stmt=;Database=my-database;Uid=username;Pwd=password;"

 

  •  OLE DB, OleDbConnection (.NET)


"Provider=MySQLProv;Data Source=mydb;User Id=UserName;Password=asdasd;"

  •  MySqlConnection (.NET)


"Data Source=server;Database=mydb;User ID=username;Password=pwd;Command Logging=false"

This one is used with eInfoDesigns dbProvider, an add-on to .NET

C#:
using eInfoDesigns.dbProvider.MySqlClient;
MySqlConnection oMySqlConn = new MySqlConnection();
oMySqlConn.ConnectionString = "my connectionstring";
oMySqlConn.Open();

 

VB.NET:
Imports eInfoDesigns.dbProvider.MySqlClient
Dim oMySqlConn As MySqlConnection = New MySqlConnection()
oMySqlConn.ConnectionString = "my connectionstring"
oMySqlConn.Open()

 

  •  SevenObjects MySqlClient (.NET)


"Host=server; UserName=myusername; Password=mypassword;Database=mydb;"

This is a freeware ADO.Net data provider from SevenObjects

  •  Core Labs MySQLDirect (.NET)


"User ID=root; Password=pwd; Host=localhost; Port=3306; Database=test;Direct=true; Protocol=TCP; Compress=false; Pooling=true; Min Pool Size=0;Max Pool Size=100; Connection Lifetime=0"

Read more at Core Lab and the product page.

·   Interbase

  •  ODBC, Easysoft


"Driver={Easysoft IB6 ODBC};Server=localhost;Database=localhost:C:/mydatabase.gdb;Uid=username;Pwd=password"

 

"Driver={Easysoft IB6 ODBC};Server=ComputerName;Database=ComputerName:C:/mydatabase.gdb;Uid=username;Pwd=password"

Read more about this driver: Easysoft ODBC-Interbase driver >>

  •  ODBC, Intersolv


"Driver={INTERSOLV InterBase ODBC Driver (*.gdb)};Server=localhost;Database=localhost:C:/mydatabase.gdb;Uid=username;Pwd=password"

 

"Driver={INTERSOLV InterBase ODBC Driver (*.gdb)};Server=ComputerName;Database=ComputerName:C:/mydatabase.gdb;Uid=username;Pwd=password"

This driver are provided by DataDirect Technologies >> (formerly Intersolv)

 

  •  OLE DB, SIBPROvider


"provider=sibprovider;location=localhost:;data source=c:/databases/gdbs/mygdb.gdb;user id=SYSDBA;password=masterkey"

 

"provider=sibprovider;location=localhost:;data source=c:/databases/gdbs/mygdb.gdb;user id=SYSDBA;password=masterkey;character set=ISO8859_1"

 

"provider=sibprovider;location=localhost:;data source=c:/databases/gdbs/mygdb.gdb;user id=SYSDBA;password=masterkey;role=DIGITADORES"

Read more about SIBPROvider >>

 

·   IBM DB2

"Provider=DB2OLEDB;Network Transport Library=TCPIP;Network Address=XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX;Initial Catalog=MyCtlg;Package Collection=MyPkgCol;Default Schema=Schema;User ID=MyUser;Password=MyPW"

 

"Provider=DB2OLEDB;APPC Local LU Alias=MyAlias;APPC Remote LU Alias=MyRemote;Initial Catalog=MyCtlg;Package Collection=MyPkgCol;Default Schema=Schema;User ID=MyUser;Password=MyPW"

 

"driver={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};Database=myDbName;hostname=myServerName;port=myPortNum;protocol=TCPIP; uid=myUserName; pwd=myPwd"

 

·   Sybase

"Driver={SYBASE ASE ODBC Driver};Srvr=Aron1;Uid=username;Pwd=password"

 

"Driver={SYBASE SYSTEM 11};Srvr=Aron1;Uid=username;Pwd=password;"

Do you know a userguide for Sybase System 11, 12, 12.5? E-mail the URL to connectionstrings.com now!! >>

"Driver={INTERSOLV 3.10 32-BIT Sybase};Srvr=Aron1;Uid=username;Pwd=password;"

 

"ODBC; Driver=Sybase SQL Anywhere 5.0; DefaultDir=c:/dbfolder/;Dbf=c:/mydatabase.db;Uid=username;Pwd=password;Dsn="""""

Note! The two double quota following the DSN parameter at the end are escaped quotas (VB syntax), you may have to change this to your language specific escape syntax. The empty DSN parameter is indeed critical as not including it will result in error 7778.



Read more in the Sybase SQL Anywhere User Guide >>

"Provider=ASAProv;Data source=myASA"

Read more in the ASA User Guide >>

"Provider=Sybase ASE OLE DB Provider; Data source=myASE"

Note that you must create a Data Source .IDS file using the Sybase Data Administrator. These .IDS files resemble ODBC DSNs.

"Provider=Sybase.ASEOLEDBProvider;Srvr=myASEserver,5000;Catalog=myDBname;User Id=username;Password=password"
   - some reports on problem using the above one, try the following as an alternative -

"Provider=Sybase.ASEOLEDBProvider;Server Name=myASEserver,5000;Initial Catalog=myDBname;User Id=username;Password=password"

This one works only from Open Client 12.5 where the server port number feature works,llowing fully qualified connection strings to be used without definingny .IDS Data Source files.

"Data Source='myASEserver';Port=5000;Database='myDBname';UID='username';PWD='password';"

 

C#:
using Sybase.Data.AseClient;
AseConnection oCon = new AseConnection();
oCon.ConnectionString="my connection string";
oCon.Open();

 

VB.NET:
Imports System.Data.AseClient
Dim oCon As AseConnection = New AseConnection()
oCon.ConnectionString="my connection string"
oCon.Open()

 

·   Informix

"Dsn='';Driver={INFORMIX 3.30 32 BIT};Host=hostname;Server=myserver;Service=service-name;Protocol=olsoctcp;Database=mydb;UID=username;PWD=myPwd

 

"Driver={Informix-CLI 2.5 (32 Bit)};Server=myserver;Database=mydb;Uid=username;Pwd=myPwd"

 

"Provider=Ifxoledbc.2;password=myPw;User ID=myUser;Data Source=dbName@serverName;Persist Security Info=true"

 

·   Ingres

"Provider=MSDASQL.1;DRIVER=Ingres;SRVR=xxxxx;DB=xxxxx;Persist Security Info=False;uid=xxxx;pwd=xxxxx;SELECTLOOPS=N;Extended Properties="""SERVER=xxxxx;DATABASE=xxxxx;SERVERTYPE=INGRES""

 

·   Mimer SQL

"Driver={MIMER};Database=mydb;Uid=myuser;Pwd=mypw;"

 

"Driver={MIMER};Database=mydb;"

 

·   PostgreSQL

"User ID=root; Password=pwd; Host=localhost; Port=5432; Database=testdb;Pooling=true; Min Pool Size=0; Max Pool Size=100; Connection Lifetime=0"

Read more at Core Lab and the product page.

 

·   DSN

"DSN=myDsn;Uid=username;Pwd=;"

 

"FILEDSN=c:/myData.dsn;Uid=username;Pwd=;"

 

·   Excel

"Driver={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DriverId=790;Dbq=C:/MyExcel.xls;DefaultDir=c:/mypath;"

 

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=C:/MyExcel.xls;Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1"""

"HDR=Yes;" indicates that the first row contains columnnames, not data

"IMEX=1;" tells the driver to always read "intermixed" data columns as text

TIP! SQL syntax: "SELECT * FROM [sheet1$]" - i.e. worksheet name followed by a "$" and wrapped in "[" "]" brackets.

·   Text

"Driver={Microsoft Text Driver (*.txt; *.csv)};Dbq=c:/txtFilesFolder/;Extensions=asc,csv,tab,txt;"

 

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c:/txtFilesFolder/;Extended Properties=""text;HDR=Yes;FMT=Delimited"""

"HDR=Yes;" indicates that the first row contains columnnames, not data

·   DBF / FoxPro

"Driver={Microsoft dBASE Driver (*.dbf)};DriverID=277;Dbq=c:/mydbpath;"

 

"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=c:/folder;Extended Properties=dBASE IV;User ID=Admin;Password="

 

·   Visual FoxPro

"Provider=vfpoledb.1;Data Source=C:/MyDbFolder/MyDbContainer.dbc;Password=MyPassWord;Collating Sequence=machine"

 

"Provider=vfpoledb.1;Data Source=C:/MyDataDirectory/;Password=MyPassWord;Collating Sequence=general"

Read more (Microsoft msdn) >>

"Driver={Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver};SourceType=DBC;SourceDB=c:/myvfpdb.dbc;Exclusive=No;Collate=Machine;"

 

"Driver={Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver};SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:/myvfpdbfolder;Exclusive=No;Collate=Machine;"

"Collate=Machine" is the default setting, for other settings check the list of supported collating sequences >>

·   Pervasive

"Driver={Pervasive ODBC Client Interface};ServerName=srvname;dbq=@dbname"

Pervasive ODBC info >>

"Provider=PervasiveOLEDB;Data Source=C:/path"

Pervasive OLE DB info >>

·   UDL 

       UDL:

  • "File Name=c:/myDataLink.udl;"

 

 

 

 

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