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linux下ansible安装

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首先安装gcc饿gcc-c++包

yum install gcc gcc-c++


(1)、python2.7安装

wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.8/Python-2.7.8.tgz
# tar xvzf Python-2.7.8.tgz
# cd Python-2.7.8
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
# make 
# make install




## 将python头文件拷贝到标准目录,以避免编译ansible时,找不到所需的头文件
# cd /usr/local/include/python2.7
# cp -a ./* /usr/local/include/




## 备份旧版本的python,并符号链接新版本的python
# cd /usr/bin
# mv python python.old
# ln -s /usr/local/bin/python2.7 /usr/local/bin/python
# rm -f /usr/bin/python && cp /usr/local/bin/python2.7 /usr/bin/python




## 修改yum脚本,使其指向旧版本的python,已避免其无法运行
# vim /usr/bin/yum
#!/usr/bin/python  -->  #!/usr/bin/python2.X


(2)、setuptools模块安装
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/s/setuptools/setuptools-7.0.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf setuptools-7.0.tar.gz
# cd setuptools-7.0
# python setup.py install
安装好setuptools后就可以利用easy_install这个工具安装下面的python模块了,但我的电脑是虚拟机,配置太低了,所以基本无法安装,所以只好一个一个下载下来再安装了。


如果安装过程中出现如下错误:Compression requires the (missing) zlib module
就安装  1、yum install zlib 
        2、yum install zlib-devel
再重新make  python及make install python


(3)、pycrypto模块安装
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/pycrypto/pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf pycrypto-2.6.1.tar.gz
# cd pycrypto-2.6.1
# python setup.py install




(4)、PyYAML模块安装
wget http://pyyaml.org/download/libyaml/yaml-0.1.5.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf yaml-0.1.5.tar.gz
# cd yaml-0.1.5
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
# make
# make install


wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/P/PyYAML/PyYAML-3.11.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf PyYAML-3.11.tar.gz
# cd PyYAML-3.11
# python setup.py install


(5)、Jinja2模块安装
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/M/MarkupSafe/MarkupSafe-0.9.3.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf MarkupSafe-0.9.3.tar.gz
# cd MarkupSafe-0.9.3
# python setup.py install




wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/J/Jinja2/Jinja2-2.7.3.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf Jinja2-2.7.3.tar.gz
# cd Jinja2-2.7.3
# python setup.py install


(6)、paramiko模块安装
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/e/ecdsa/ecdsa-0.11.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf ecdsa-0.11.tar.gz
# cd ecdsa-0.11
# python setup.py install




wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/paramiko/paramiko-1.15.1.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf paramiko-1.15.1.tar.gz
# cd paramiko-1.15.1
# python setup.py install




(7)、simplejson模块安装
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/s/simplejson/simplejson-3.6.5.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf simplejson-3.6.5.tar.gz
# cd simplejson-3.6.5
# python setup.py install


(8)、ansible安装
wget https://github.com/ansible/ansible/archive/v1.7.2.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
# tar xvzf ansible-1.7.2.tar.gz
# cd ansible-1.7.2

# python setup.py install


(9)、SSH免密钥登录设置
## 生成公钥/私钥
# ssh-keygen -t rsa -P ''
## 写入信任文件(将/root/.ssh/id_rsa_storm1.pub分发到其他服务器,并在所有服务器上执行如下指令):
# cat /root/.ssh/id_rsa_storm1.pub >> /root/.ssh/authorized_keys
# chmod 600 /root/.ssh/authorized_keys


(10)、拷贝,生成ansible配置文件
a 配置文件/etc/ansible/ansible.cfg
# mkdir -p /etc/ansible
#cp ansible-1.7.2/examples/ansible.cfg /etc/ansible/
b 配置文件/etc/ansible/hosts
# vim /etc/ansible/hosts
[test]
192.168.110.20
192.168.110.30


接下来就可以使用命令测试了

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