RFC请求注解(Request for Comments)介绍|internet最重要的文献资源

转载 2005年04月25日 01:45:00
RFC请求注解(Request for Comments)介绍|internet最重要的文献资源
 
 

RFC(Request For Comments)-意即“请求注解”,包含了关于Internet的几乎所有重要的文字资料。如果你想成为网络方面的专家,那么RFC无疑是最重要也是最经常需要用到的资料之一,所以RFC享有网络知识圣经之美誉。

RFC起始于1969年(当时 Internet 是 ARPANET)。RFC 文档主要涉及计算处理和计算机通信方面的网络技术协议、过程、程序和理论概念,但同时也包括会议记录、评价和一些幽默片段。这种英特网协议组规范文档,由 Internet 工程任务组(IETF)及 Internet 工程指导小组(IESG)共同制定,命名为 RFCs。许多 TCP/IP 协议和 PPP 产品都包含在 RFC 中。

Internet 工程任务组(IETF)隶属于 Internet 架构委员会(IAB),该组织最初由 US 政府建立,现在已成为一个开放式的自治组织机构。IAB 在底层 TCP/IP 协议的 R&D 中发挥着重要的协调作用,并引导着英特网的发展。TCP/IP 协议和许多其它协议在 RFC 中都有详细的讲解和阐述,每一份文档都需经过 IETF 委员会的起草、讨论、宣传和批准等环节。所有文档都是公开和免费使用的,读者可以在相关链接中的 IETF 站点实现在线查看。 

通常,当某家机构或团体开发出了一套标准或提出对某种标准的设想,想要征询外界的意见时,就会在Internet上发放一份RFC,对这一问题感兴趣的人可以阅读该RFC并提出自己的意见;绝大部分网络标准的指定都是以RFC的形式开始,经过大量的论证和修改过程,由主要的标准化组织所指定的,但在RFC中所收录的文件并不都是正在使用或为大家所公认的,也有很大一部分只在某个局部领域被使用或并没有被采用,一份RFC具体处于什么状态都在文件中作了明确的标识。

截止到2001年中期,公布的RFC大约有3000余篇,以下是几个较为稳定的RFC链接,以及几个重要的标准化组织的网站链接

RFC分类检索:
  以下根据RFC被公布时的状态把RFC索引划分成几类:

  Standards(标准)   Draft Standards(草案标准)    Proposed Standards(提案标准)


OTHER RFCS(其他RFC)
  Experimental(实验性的)   Informational(知识性的)   Historic(历史性的)
  Early RFCs (before IETF standards track 早期的,在IETF标准化之前)

http://anheng.com.cn/news/24/497.html 

 

RFC SUB-SERIES(RFC子集)
  Standards (标准,STD)   Best Current Practice (最优当前实现,BCP)
  For Your Information (FYI)

http://anheng.com.cn/news/24/497.html 

RFC文档下载
  推荐RFC英文站点:
  http://www.rfc-editor.org/
  http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/

       推荐RFC中文站点:

     http://www.networkdictionary.com/chinese/rfc/index.php

    http://www.cnpaf.net/class/RFC/

    http://www.leepig.com/rfc/ [TXT格式]

http://anheng.com.cn/news/24/497.html

Supported Internet RFCs and Drafts


ATM

*   RFC 1483, Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (routed Protocol Data Units only)

*   RFC 2225, Classical IP and ARP over ATM (responses only)


BGP

*   RFC 1771, A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)

*   RFC 1772, Application of the Border Gateway Protocol in the Internet

*   RFC 1965, Autonomous System Confederations for BGP

*   RFC 1966, BGP Route Reflection—An Alternative to Full-Mesh IBGP

*   RFC 1997, BGP Communities Attribute

*   RFC 2270, Using a Dedicated AS for Sites Homed to a Single Provider

*   RFC 2283, Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4

*   RFC 2385, Protection of BGP Sessions via the TCP MD5 Signature Option

*   RFC 2439, BGP Route Flap Damping

*   Capabilities Negotiation with BGP4, IETF draft draft-ietf-idr-cap-neg-01


CHAP

*   RFC 1994, PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)


Frame Relay

*   RFC 1490, Multiprotocol Interconnect over Frame Relay


GRE and IP-IP Encapsulation

*   RFC 1701, Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)

*   RFC 1702, Generic Routing Encapsulation over IPv4 Networks

*   RFC 2003, IP Encapsulation within IP


IP Multicast

*   RFC 1112, Host Extensions for IP Multicasting (defines IGMP Version 1)

*   RFC 2236, Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2

*   Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 3, Internet Draft

draft-ietf-idmr-igmp-v3-07.txt (only SAP, Version 0 and 1)

*   RFC 2327, SDP: Session Description Protocol

*   RFC 2362, Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode (PIM-SM): Protocol Specification

*   RFC 2365, Administratively Scoped IP Multicast

*   Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode (PIM-SM): Protocol Specification, Internet Draft draft-ietf-idmr-pim-sm-specv2-00

*   Protocol Independent Multicast-Version 2 Dense Mode Specification, Internet Draft draft-ietf-pim-v2-dm-03

*   Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol, Internet draft draft-ietf-idmr-dvmrp-v3-07

*   SAP: Session Announcement Protocol, Internet draft draft-ietf-mmusic-sap-00

*   Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP), Internet draft draft-ietf-msdp-spec-01.txt

*   Anycast RP Mechanism using PIM and MSDP, Internet draft draft-ietf-mboned-anycast-rp-05.txt


IS-IS

*   RFC 1195, Use of OSI IS-IS for Routing in TCP/IP and Dual Environments

*   RFC 2104, HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication

*   RFC 2763, Dynamic Hostname Exchange Mechanism for IS-IS

*   RFC 2966, Domain-wide Prefix Distribution with Two-Level IS-IS

*   RFC 2973, IS-IS Mesh Groups

*   IS-IS Extensions for Traffic Engineering, Internet draft draft-ietf-isis-traffic-02.txt

*   Three-Way Handshake for IS-IS Point-to-Point Adjacencies, Internet draft draft-ietf-isis-3way-03.txt


IPSec and IKE

*   RFC 2085, HMAC-MD5 IP Authentication with Replay Prevention

*   RFC 2401, Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol

*   RFC 2402, IP Authentication Header (except for ES PIC)

*   RFC 2403, The Use of HMAC-MD5-96 within ESP and AH

*   RFC 2404, The Use of HMAC-SHA-1-96 within ESP and AH

*   RFC 2405, The ESP DES-CBC Cipher Algorithm With Explicit IV

*   RFC 2406, IP Encapsulation Security Payload

*   RFC 2407, The Internet IP Security Domain of Interpretation for ISAKMP

*   RFC 2408, Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)

*   RFC 2409, Internet Key Exchange

*   RFC 2410, The NULL Encryption Algorithm and Its Use With IPSec

*   RFC 2412, The OAKLEY Key Determination Protocol


IPv6

*   ISO/IEC 10589, Information technology, Telecommunications and information exchange between systems, Intermediate system to intermediate system intradomain routing information exchange protocol for use in conjunction with the protocol for providing the

connectionless-mode network service (ISO 8473)

*   RFC 1157, A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

*   RFC 1213, Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-Based Internets: MIB-II

*   RFC 1215, A Convention for Defining Traps for Use with SNMP

*   RFC 1195, Use of OSI IS-IS for Routing in TCP/IP and Dual Environments

*   RFC 1771, A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)

*   RFC 1772, Application of the Border Gateway Protocol in the Internet

*   RFC 1901, Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2

*   RFC 1902, Structure of Management Information for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)

*   RFC 1905, Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)

*   RFC 1965, Autonomous System Confederations for BGP

*   RFC 1966, BGP Route Reflection: An Alternative to Full-Mesh IBGP

*   RFC 1997, BGP Communities Attribute

*   RFC 2080, RIPng for IPv6

*   RFC 2081, RIPng Protocol Applicability Statement

*   RFC 2270, Using a Dedicated AS for Sites Homed to a Single Provider

*   RFC 2283, Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4

*   RFC 2373, IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture

*   RFC 2385, Protection of BGP Sessions via the TCP MD5 Signature Option

*   RFC 2439, BGP Route Flap Damping

*   RFC 2545, Use of BGP-4 Multiprotocol Extensions for IPv6 Inter-Domain Routing

*   RFC 2460, Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification

*   RFC 2461, Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)

*   RFC 2578, Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)

*   RFC 2763, Dynamic Hostname Exchange Mechanism for IS-IS

*   RFC 2893, Transition Mechanisms for IPv6 Hosts and Routers

*   Routing IPv6 with IS-IS, IETF Draft draft-ietf-isis-ipv6-02.txt

*   Capabilities Negotiation with BGP4, IETF Draft draft-ietf-idr-cap-neg-01.txt

*   BGP Extended Communities Attribute, IETF draft-ramachandra-bgp-ext-communities-09.txt


LDP

*   Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)—Version 1 Functional Specification,(draft-ietf-mpls-ldp-06.txt)


MIBs

*   IEEE, 802.3ad, Aggregation of Multiple Link Segments (only the objects dot3adAggMACAddress, dot3adAggAggregateOrIndividual, dot3adAggPortListPorts, dot3adAggPortStatsMarkerPDUsRx, dot3adAggPortStatsMarkerResponsePDUsRx, dot3adAggPortStatsMarkerPDUsTx, dot3adAggPortStatsMarkerResponsePDUsTx, and dot3adTablesLastChanged)

*   RFC 1213, Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets: MIB-II

*   RFC 1215, Convention for defining traps for use with the SNMP

*   RFC 1657, Definitions of Managed Objects for the Fourth Version of the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP-4) using SMIv2

*   RFC 1850, OSPF Version 2 Management Information Base (except for the ospfOriginateNewLsas and ospfRxNewLsas objects, the Host Table, and the traps ospfOriginateLSA, ospfLsdbOverflow, and ospfApproachingLsdbOverflow)

*   RFC 1906, Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol

*   RFC 1907, Management Information Base for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)

*   RFC 2011, SNMPv2 Management Information Base for the Internet Protocol using SMIv2

*   RFC 2012, SNMPv2 Management Information Base for the Transmission Control Protocol using SMIv2

*   RFC 2013, SNMPv2 Management Information Base for the User Datagram Protocol using SMIv2

*   RFC 2096, IP Forwarding Table MIB

*   RFC 2115, Management Information Base for Frame Relay DTEs Using SMIv2

*   RFC 2233, The Interfaces Group MIB-II using SMIv2

*   RFC 2495, Definitions of Managed Objects for the DS1, E1, DS2, and E2 Interface Types (except for dsx1FarEndConfigTable, dsx1FarEndCurrentTable, dsx1FarEndIntervalTable, dsx1FarEndTotalTable, and dsx1FracTable)

*   RFC 2496, Definitions of Managed Object for the DS3/E3 Interface Type

*   RFC 2515, Definitions of Managed Objects for ATM Management

*   RFC 2558, Definitions of Managed Objects for the SONET/SDH Interface Type

*   RFC 2665, Definitions of Managed Objects for the Ethernet-like Interface Types

*   RFC 2790, Host Resources MIB (only the objects of the hrSystem and hrSWInstalled groups)

*   RFC 2819, Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base (the etherStatsTable for Ethernet interfaces only)

*   RFC 2925, Definitions of Managed Objects for Remote Ping, Traceroute, and Lookup Operations (only PingMIB ).

*   RFC 2932, IPv4 Multicast Routing MIB

*   IANAiftype Textual Convention MIB, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (referenced by RFC 2233, available at ftp://ftp.isi.edu/mib/ianaiftype.mib)

*   Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) MIB, Internet draft draft-ietf-idmr-igmp-mib-13.txt

*   Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) MIB, Internet draft draft-ietf-idmr-pim-mib-09.txt


MPLS

*   RFC 2205, Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Functional Specification

*   RFC 2209, Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Message Processing Rules

*   RFC 2961, RSVP Refresh Overhead Reduction Extensions

*   RFC 2210, The Use of RSVP with IETF Integrated Services

*   RFC 2211, Specification of the Controlled-Load Network Element Service

*   RFC 2215, General Characterization Parameters for Integrated Service Network Elements

*   RFC 2216, Network Element Service Specification Template

*   RFC 2702, Requirements for Traffic Engineering Over MPLS

*   ICMP Extensions for Multiprotocol Label Switching, Internet draft draft-ietf-mpls-icmp-01.txt

*   MPLS Label Stack Encoding, Internet draft draft-ietf-mpls-label-encaps-07.txt

*   Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels, Internet draft draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-lsp-tunnel-05.txt

*   BGP/MPLS VPNs, Internet Draft draft-ietf-ppvpn-rfc2547bis-00.txt

*   MPLS-based Layer 2 VPNs, Internet Draft draft-kompella-ppvpn-l2vpn-00.txt

*   Transport of Layer 2 Frames Over MPLS, Internet Draft

draft-martini-l2circuit-trans-mpls-07.txt


OSPF

*   RFC 1587, The OSPF NSSA Option

*   RFC 2328, OSPF Version 2

*   Traffic Engineering Extensions to OSPF, Internet draft draft-katz-yeung-ospf-traffic-01.txt


PPP

*   RFC 1332, The PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP)

*   RFC 1661, The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)

*   RFC 1662, PPP in HDLC-like Framing

*   RFC 2615, PPP over SONET/SDH


RIP

*   RFC 1058, Routing Information Protocol

*   RFC 2453, RIP Version 2


RSVP

*   RFC 2205, Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP), Version 1, Functional Specification

*   RFC 2209, Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP), Version 1, Message Processing Rules

*   RFC 2210, The Use of RSVP with IETF Integrated Services

*   RFC 2211, Specification of the Controlled-Load Network Element Service

*   RFC 2212, Specification of Guaranteed Quality of Service

*   RFC 2215, General Characterization Parameters for Integrated Service Network Elements

*   RFC 2216, Network Element Service Specification Template

*   RFC 2747, RSVP Cryptographic Authentication

*   Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels, Internet draft draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-lsp-tunnel-05.txt

*   RSVP Refresh Reduction Extensions, Internet draft draft-ietf-rsvp-refresh-reduct-05.txt


TCP/IP v4

*   RFC 768, User Datagram Protocol

*   RFC 791, Internet Protocol

*   RFC 792, Internet Control Message Protocol

*   RFC 793, Transmission Control Protocol

*   RFC 826, Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol

*   RFC 854, Telnet Protocol Specification

*   RFC 862, Echo Protocol

*   RFC 863, Discard Protocol

*   RFC 896, Congestion Control in IP/TCP Internetworks

*   RFC 919, Broadcasting Internet Datagrams

*   RFC 922, Broadcasting Internet Datagrams in the Presence of Subnets

*   RFC 959, File Transfer Protocol

*   RFC 1027, Using ARP to Implement Transparent Subnet Gateways

*   RFC 1042, Standard for the Transmission of IP Datagrams over IEEE 802 Networks

*   RFC 1157, Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

*   RFC 1166, Internet Numbers

*   RFC 1195, Use of OSI IS-IS for Routing in TCP/IP and Dual Environments

*   RFC 1256, ICMP Router Discovery Messages

*   RFC 1305, Network Time Protocol (Version 3) Specification, Implementation, and Analysis

*   RFC 1519, Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR): An Address Assignment and Aggregation Strategy

*   RFC 1812, Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers

*   RFC 2338, Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol


Supported ISO Standards


IS-IS

 

*   ISO/IEC 10589, Information technology, Telecommunications and information exchange between systems, Intermediate system to intermediate system intradomain routing information exchange protocol for use in conjunction with the protocol for providing the connectionless-mode network service (ISO 8473)


Supported SDH and SONET Standards

*   ANSI T1.105, Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Basic Description Including Multiplex Structures, Rates, and Formats

*   ANSI T1.105.02, Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Payload Mappings

*   ANSI T1.105.06, SONET: Physical Layer Specifications

*   GR-253-CORE, SONET Transport Systems: Common Generic Criteria

*   GR-499-CORE, Transport System Generic Requirements (TSGR): Common Requirements

*   GR-1377-CORE, SONET OC-192 Transport System Generic Criteria

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.691, Optical interfaces for single channel SDH systems with optical amplifiers, and STM-64 systems

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.707 (1996), Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.783 (1994), Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.813 (1996), Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC)

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.825 (1993), The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.826 (1999), Error performance parameters and objectives for international, constant bit rate digital paths at or above the primary rate

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.831 (1993), Management capabilities of transport networks based on Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.957 (1995), Optical interfaces for equipment and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.958 (1994), Digital line systems based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy for use on optical fibre cables

*   ITU-T Recommendation I.432 (1993), B-ISDN User-Network Interface Physical layer specification


Other Supported Standards


ATM

*   ITU-T Recommendation I.363, B-ISDN ATM adaptation layer sublayers: service-specific coordination function to provide the connection-oriented transport service (JUNOS software conforms only to the AAL5/IP over ATM portion of this standard)

*   ITU-T Recommendation I.432.3, B-ISDN user-network interface Physical layer specifications: 51,840 kbits/s operation


Frame Relay

*   ANSI T1.617-1991, Annex D, Additional procedures for permanent virtual connections (PVCs) using unnumbered information frames

*   ITU Q.933a, Annex A, Additional Procedures for Permanent Virtual Connections (PVC) status management (using Unnumbered Information frames)


Ethernet

*   IEEE, 802.3ad, Aggregation of Multiple Link Segments

*   IEEE, 802.3, Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD)


T3

*   ITU-T Recommendation G.703, Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces

多寄存器寻址指令ldmia/ldmib和ARM存储器访问指令——多寄存器存取

本文的原地址为:http://blog.csdn.net/lhf_tiger/article/details/11660773  在此表示感谢 多寄存器和堆栈寻址的用法:多寄存器寻址:LDMIA,L...

SNMP监控一些常用OID的总结

SNMP监控一些常用OID的总结 系统参数(1.3.6.1.2.1.1) OID 描述 备注 请求方式 .1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0 获取系统基本信息...

RFC数据包Request For Comments

  • 2014年11月17日 20:25
  • 29.43MB
  • 下载

RFC(Request For Comments)征求修正意见书

 RFC(Request For Comments)征求修正意见书 征求修正意见书(英语:Request For Comments,缩写为RFC),是由互联网工程任务组(IETF)发布的一...
  • iw1210
  • iw1210
  • 2016年04月01日 23:03
  • 401

SpringMVC资源无法找到(No mapping found for HTTP request with URI)问题解决

,主要看尖括号内部分。 问题原因:罪魁祸首是web.xml下对springmvc的DispatcherServlet请求url映射的配置,原配置如下: springMVC org....

完美解决SpringMVC中静态资源无法找到(No mapping found for HTTP request with URI)问题

今天遇到一个比较新奇的问题,但是也应该是使用spring MVC框架时由于疏忽经常会遇到的一个,解决后写出来和大家分享分享。 问题描述:项目正常启动,可以访问页面,但是无法找到静态资源文件,如cs...
  • jdjdndhj
  • jdjdndhj
  • 2017年02月07日 13:36
  • 15536

有关ICP(Internet Cache Protocol)协议的总结(一)之RFC 2186

本文章主要是基于ICP(Internet Cache Protocol)协议(rfc 2186)
  • gyley2
  • gyley2
  • 2014年04月10日 13:51
  • 1474

RFC2459 Internet X.509 公钥基础设施:证书和CRL简介

组织:中国互动出版网(http://www.china-pub.com/) RFC文档中文翻译计划(http://www.china-pub.com/compters/emook/aboutemoo...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:RFC请求注解(Request for Comments)介绍|internet最重要的文献资源
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)