关闭

linux添加硬盘并且格式化

标签: centos硬盘格式化虚拟机linux
166人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

前段时间玩了一阵子LFS。这一段时间一直做linux系统防护,需要加一块硬盘,有些知识点忘记了。因此写一点东西记录一下。用虚拟机演示吧
1.首先添加一块硬盘
这里写图片描述
2.选择scsi
这里写图片描述
3.创建磁盘
这里写图片描述
4指定磁盘容量(选择默认)
这里写图片描述
5完成确定
6.开启虚拟机
7.查看当前磁盘信息

[root@centos6 ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000aefbd

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1          64      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sda2              64        2611    20458496   8e  Linux LVM

Disk /dev/sdb: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mapper/vg_centos6-lv_root: 18.8 GB, 18832424960 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2289 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mapper/vg_centos6-lv_swap: 2113 MB, 2113929216 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 257 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

可知新添加的磁盘在/dev/sdb
8.格式化

[root@centos6 ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel with disk identifier 0x70d443e5.
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
After that, of course, the previous content won't be recoverable.

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

WARNING: DOS-compatible mode is deprecated. It's strongly recommended to
         switch off the mode (command 'c') and change display units to
         sectors (command 'u').

Command (m for help):

我们可以输入m查看帮助

Command (m for help): m
Command action
   a   toggle a bootable flag
   b   edit bsd disklabel
   c   toggle the dos compatibility flag
   d   delete a partition #删除一个分区
   l   list known partition types #列出已知的分区类型
   m   print this menu #帮助
   n   add a new partition #创建一个新分区
   o   create a new empty DOS partition table 
   p   print the partition table 
   q   quit without saving changes
   s   create a new empty Sun disklabel
   t   change a partition's system id
   u   change display/entry units
   v   verify the partition table
   w   write table to disk and exit
   x   extra functionality (experts only)

Command (m for help):

9.创建分区

Command (m for help): n#创建分区
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p#选择主分区
Partition number (1-4):
Value out of range.
Partition number (1-4): 1#选择分区名称
First cylinder (1-2610, default 1):#选择分区起始位置
Using default value 1
Last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{K,M,G} (1-2610, default 2610):#选择分区结束位置(我全部默认了)
Using default value 2610

Command (m for help): w#写入分区表
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

10.格式化

[root@centos6 ~]# mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sdb1 #格式化分区

Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

This filesystem will be automatically checked every 27 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first.  Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.

11.挂载,查看

[root@centos6 ~]# mkdir /lfs
[root@centos6 ~]# mount /dev/sdb1 /lfs/
[root@centos6 ~]# df -lh
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/vg_centos6-lv_root
                       18G  1.2G   16G   7% /
tmpfs                 498M     0  498M   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1             477M   30M  422M   7% /boot
/dev/sdb1              20G   44M   19G   1% /lfs

12.开机自动挂载

编辑
[root@centos6 ~]# vi /etc/fstab
#加入以下内容
/dev/sdb1               /lfs                    ext4     defaults,       0 1

附格式化swap 分区

1.构造系统文件
dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1024 count=102400
这里构建一个100M的系统文件

mkswap /swapfile
增加交换条目:
/swapfile    swap    swap    defaults  0 0
swapon -a

3.swapon -s
此时可以看到刚刚添加的两个交换分区,其类型分别是partition和file.
或者
mkswap /dev/hdb1
格式化分区并创建文件系统

在/etc/fstab中增加挂载条目:
/dev/sdb2   swap   swap   defaults   0 0

激活交换分区
swapon -a
将所有/etc/fstab中的交换条目都开启

查看交换分区状态
swapon -s

swap分区格式化参考:
http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_70291fc10100xskv.html

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:27644次
    • 积分:638
    • 等级:
    • 排名:千里之外
    • 原创:35篇
    • 转载:13篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:4条
    文章分类