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Struts2:类型转换之批量封装Set集合类型的属性

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这个应该是属于Struts2类型转换的话题,本篇主要是讨论如何将页面上表单的值批量封装到一个Set集合中去,因为项目中用的是Hibernate,基本上所有的集合类型用的都是Set类型。至于如何批量封装数据到其它的集合类型如(ListMap)可以参看这篇文章,说的很详细了:http://hi.baidu.com/wava/blog/item/01d58926c42dac158b82a134.html。如何给这个Set属性赋值花费了我相当的时间,下面直接贴例子吧。

CustomerInserterAction.java:处理请求,含有一个Set类型的属性orders

package test.web;

 

import java.util.HashSet;

import java.util.List;

import java.util.Set;

 

import test.persistence.Customer;

import test.persistence.Order;

import test.service.ICustomerService;

 

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext;

 

/**

 * @author zhukai 2007-8-31

 *

 */

public class CustomerInserterAction extends ActionSupport {

    private Customer customer;

 

    private Set<Order> orders=new HashSet();

 

    private ICustomerService customerService;

 

    public Customer getCustomer() {

       return customer;

    }

 

    public void setCustomer(Customer customer) {

       //customer.setOrders(orders);

       this.customer = customer;

    }

 

    public String execute() {

       customer.setOrders(orders);

       for(Order order:orders)

           order.setCustomer(customer);

       customerService.addCustomer(customer);

       return SUCCESS;

    }

 

    public Set getOrders() {

       return orders;

    }

 

    public void setOrders(Set orders) {

       this.orders = orders;

    }

 

    public ICustomerService getCustomerService() {

       return customerService;

    }

 

    public void setCustomerService(ICustomerService customerService) {

       this.customerService = customerService;

    }

}

Customer.javaOrder.java:两个实体类,分别代表一个消费者和一个订单,并且一个消费

                         者可以有多个订单,而一个订单只属于一个消费者。

package test.persistence;

 

import java.io.Serializable;

import java.util.Date;

import java.util.HashSet;

import java.util.Set;

 

/**

 * @author zhukai

 */

 

public class Customer implements Serializable {

 

    private Long id;

 

    private String name;

 

    private String email;

 

    private String password;

 

    private String phone;

 

    private boolean married;

 

    private String address;

 

    private char sex;

 

    private String description;

 

    private Date birthday;

 

    private Date registeredTime;

 

    private Set orders = new HashSet();

 

    /**

     * hibernate要求持久化类必须提供一个不带参数的默认构造方法

     */

    public Customer() {

       // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub

    }

 

    public Customer(String name) {

       super();

       this.name = name;

    }

 

    public Customer(String name, Set orders) {

       super();

       this.name = name;

       this.orders = orders;

    }

 

    public String getAddress() {

       return address;

    }

 

    public void setAddress(String address) {

       this.address = address;

    }

 

    public String getDescription() {

       return description;

    }

 

    public void setDescription(String description) {

       this.description = description;

    }

 

    public Date getBirthday() {

       return birthday;

    }

 

    public void setBirthday(Date birthday) {

       this.birthday = birthday;

    }

 

    public String getEmail() {

       return email;

    }

 

    public void setEmail(String email) {

       this.email = email;

    }

 

    public Long getId() {

       return id;

    }

 

    public void setId(Long id) {

       this.id = id;

    }

    public String getName() {

       return name;

    }

 

    public void setName(String name) {

       this.name = name;

    }

 

    public String getPassword() {

       return password;

    }

 

    public void setPassword(String password) {

       this.password = password;//

    }

 

    public String getPhone() {

       return phone;

    }

 

    public void setPhone(String phone) {

       this.phone = phone;

    }

 

    public Date getRegisteredTime() {

       return registeredTime;

    }

 

    public void setRegisteredTime(Date registeredTime) {

       this.registeredTime = registeredTime;

    }

 

    public char getSex() {

       return sex;

    }

 

    public void setSex(char sex) {

       this.sex = sex;

    }

 

    public Set getOrders() {

       return orders;

    }

 

    public void setOrders(Set orders) {

       this.orders = orders;

    }

 

    public boolean isMarried() {

       return married;

    }

 

    public void setMarried(boolean married) {

       this.married = married;

    }

 

}

reg.jsp:前台页面,用于输入数据

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"%>

<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">

<html>

<head>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">

<title></title>

</head>

<body>

<div style="color:red">

     <s:fielderror />

</div>

<form action="register.action" method="post">

<table width="389" border="1" align="center">

  <tr>

    <th height="30" colspan="4" scope="col"></th>

    </tr>

  <tr>

    <td width="65" height="30">姓名</td>

    <td width="68"><input name="customer.name" type="text" id="customer.name" size="10"></td>

    <td width="75">电子邮箱</td>

    <td width="153"><input name="customer.email" type="text" id="customer.email" size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30">地址</td>

    <td><input name="customer.address" type="text" id="customer.address" size="10"></td>

    <td>电话</td>

    <td><input name="customer.phone" type="text" id="customer.phone" size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30">密码</td>

    <td><input name="customer.password" type="text" id="customer.address" size="10"></td>

    <td>性别</td>

    <td><input name="customer.sex" type="radio" id="customer.sex" size="10" value="M" checked="checked">&nbsp;<input name="customer.sex" type="radio" id="customer.sex" size="10" value="F"></td>

  </tr>

   <tr>

    <td height="30">出生日期</td>

    <td><input name="customer.birthday" type="text" id="customer.address" size="10"></td>

    <td>注册日期</td>

    <td><input name="customer.registerTime" type="text" id="customer.phone" size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30" colspan="4">订单一</td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30">订单号</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[0].orderNumber" type="text"  size="10"></td>

    <td>配送地址</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[0].address" type="text"  size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30" colspan="4">订单二</td>

    </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30">订单号</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[1].orderNumber" type="text"  size="10"></td>

    <td>配送地址</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[1].address" type="text"  size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30" colspan="4">订单三</td>

    </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30">订单号</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[2].orderNumber" type="text"  size="10"></td>

    <td>配送地址</td>

    <td><input name="orders.makeNew[2].address" type="text"  size="10"></td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

    <td height="30" colspan="4"><input type="submit" value="提交"><input type="reset" value="重置"> </td>

  </tr>

  <tr>

</table>

 

</form>

</body>

</html>

CustomerInserterAction-conversion.properties:类型转换的配置文件,我的内容如下

    KeyProperty_orders=id

    Element_orders=test.persistence.Order

    CreateIfNull_orders=true

有几个要说明的地方,这时封装Set集合时必须要注意的:

1CustomerInserterAction.java中对orders必须要初始化,如下所示:

   private Set<Order> orders=new HashSet();

2.在jsp页面中给变量命名时必须要按照如下的格式:

   <input name="orders.makeNew[0].orderNumber" type="text"  size="10">

   必须要使用makeNew运算符,这样ognl才能帮我创建新的对象,否则orders会为空。当时如果集合类型是List,就不必这样,直接name="orders[0].orderNumber"就可以了。

3.在Class-conversion.properties文件中加上KeyProperty_orders=id,这是封装Set时必须的。这个主要是用来设置检索集合中元素时的索引,具体含义可以参看http://wiki.javascud.org/display/ww2cndoc/Type%20Conversion,它里面对类型转换配置文件做了详细的介绍。

 
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