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采用AJAX实现带进度条的文件上传(C#)

标签: ajaxc#filefunctionfilenamesxml
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 客户端upload.htm
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312">
<title>水月AJAX文件上传</title>
<script language="javascript" src="upload.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" name="form1">
  <table width="500" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="0" bordercolorlight="#666666" bordercolordark="#FFFFFF" bgcolor="#D4D0C8">
    <tr valign="top" id="control">
      <td height="42" valign="middle"><input type="file" name="UpFileControl" id="UpFileControl" style="width:100%">
      <div id="FinalBar" style="color:#FF0000"></div>      </td>
      <td width="1" height="40" valign="middle"><input name="btn_send" type="button" id="btn_send" value="上传" onClick="BeginSend()" style="height:100%"></td>
    </tr>
    <tr valign="top" id="bar" style="display:none">
      <td height="42">
       <table width="100%"  border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
        <tr style="font-size:12px">
          <td id="filename">&nbsp;</td>
          <td id="speed" align="right">&nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    <div style="position:absolute; height:19px; z-index:101; width: 448px;">
      <table width="100%"  border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
              <tr>
                <td height="19" align="center" valign="bottom" id="perent" style="font-size:16px">&nbsp;</td>
              </tr>
            </table>
     </div>
  <table width="100%" height="19" border="1" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" bordercolorlight="#666666" bordercolordark="#FFFFFF" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" rules="rows">
          <tr>
            <td height="10" bgcolor="#99CCFF" id="perentBar" style="width:0%"></td>
            <td height="10"></td>
          </tr>
      </table></td>
      <td valign="bottom"><input name="btn_cancel" type="button" id="btn_cancel" value="中断" onClick="CancelSend()" style="height:100%"></td>
    </tr>
 <tr>
  <td width="99%" height="1">
   <select name="select_uploaded_file" size="4" multiple id="select_uploaded_file" style="width:100%;"></select>
  </td>
  <td valign="bottom">
   <input name="uploaded_file" type="hidden" id="uploaded_file">
   <input name="Btn_del_selected_uploaded" type="button" id="Btn_del_selected_uploaded" onClick="del_selected_uploaded()" value="删除" style="height:100%">
  </td>
 </tr>
  </table>
</form>
</body>
</html>

upload.js脚本
var xml_http,ado_stream,mFilename;
var SendBlockCount,SendCount,BlockSize,Breaked;
var lastSendTime,maxFileLimit;
var submited = false;
BlockSize = 1024 * 128;
maxFileLimit = 1024 * 1024 * 100;

function BeginSend()
{
 if(document.getElementById("UpFileControl") && document.getElementById("UpFileControl").value.length > 0)
 {
  document.getElementById("speed").innerHTML = "0 KB/Sec";
  document.getElementById("perent").innerHTML = "0%";
  document.getElementById("perentBar").style.width = "0%";
  document.getElementById("bar").style.display = "block";
  document.getElementById("control").style.display = "none";
  var _filename = document.getElementById("UpFileControl").value;
  document.getElementById("filename").innerHTML = _filename.substring(_filename.lastIndexOf("//") + 1,_filename.length);
  setTimeout("SendFile()",1);
 }
 else
 {
  return;
 }
}

function SendFile()
{
 Breaked = false;
 ado_stream = new ActiveXObject("ADODB.Stream");
 ado_stream.Type = 1;
 ado_stream.Open();

 try
 {
  ado_stream.LoadFromFile(document.getElementById("UpFileControl").value);
 }
 catch(ex)
 {
  alert("Error:" + ex.description +"/n无法打开文件 "+document.getElementById("UpFileControl").value+",传输已终止!");
  OverSend();
  return;
 }
 ado_stream.position = 0;
 if(ado_stream.size == 0)
 {
  alert("不能上传空文件");
  OverSend();
  return;
 }
 if(ado_stream.size > maxFileLimit)
 {
  alert("文件过大");
  OverSend();
  return;
 }
 SendCount = Math.ceil(ado_stream.size / BlockSize);
 
 var UpFile = document.getElementById("UpFileControl").value;
 mFilename = UpFile.substring(UpFile.lastIndexOf("//") + 1,UpFile.length);
 SendBlockCount = 0;
 lastSendTime = new Date();
 
 xml_http = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
   
 SendData();
 return;
}
function SendData()
{
 if(!Breaked)
 {
  xml_http.open("POST","UpLoad.aspx?fn="+escape(mFilename)+"&ps="+SendBlockCount,true);
  xml_http.onreadystatechange = ShowPerent;
  xml_http.send(ado_stream.Read(BlockSize));
 }
}
function ShowPerent()
{
 if(xml_http.readystate == 4 && xml_http.status == 200)
 {
  if(SendBlockCount == 0)
  {
   mFilename = xml_http.responseXML.selectSingleNode("//*").text;
  }
  
  SendBlockCount++;
  var now = new Date();
  var perentStat = Math.floor(SendBlockCount/SendCount * 100);
  perentStat += "%"
  var sendSpeed = BlockSize * SendBlockCount / (now.getTime() - lastSendTime.getTime()) * 1000;
  
  if(sendSpeed != "Infinity")
  {
   if(sendSpeed < 1000)
    sendSpeed = Math.floor(sendSpeed) + " ";
   else
   {
    sendSpeed = Math.floor(sendSpeed/1024) + " K";
   }
  }
  else
  {
   sendSpeed = "0 ";
  }
  document.getElementById("speed").innerHTML = sendSpeed + "B/Sec";
  document.getElementById("perent").innerHTML = perentStat;
  document.getElementById("perentBar").style.width = perentStat;
 
  if(SendBlockCount < SendCount)
  {
   SendData();
  }
  else
  {
   var SavedFileName = mFilename.substring(mFilename.lastIndexOf("//")+1,mFilename.length);
   var upLoadedFileSelect = document.getElementById("select_uploaded_file");
   upLoadedFileSelect.add(new Option(SavedFileName,mFilename));

   update_uploaded_file_str();
   OverSend();
  }
 }
}
function CancelSend()
{
 Breaked = true;
 xml_http.abort();
 delete_single_file(mFilename);
 OverSend();
}
function OverSend()
{
 document.getElementById("bar").style.display = "none";
 document.getElementById("control").style.display = "block";
 var oTextRange = document.body.createTextRange();
 oTextRange.moveToElementText( document.getElementById("UpFileControl") ) ;
 oTextRange.execCommand( 'Cut' ) ;
 oTextRange.execCommand( 'Paste' ) ;
 ado_stream.Close();
}
function delete_all_file()
{
 var uploaded_file_str = document.getElementById("uploaded_file");
 var FilesStr = uploaded_file_str.value;
 if(!Breaked)
 {
  Breaked = true;
  xml_http.abort();
  if(FilesStr != "")
   FilesStr += "/n" + mFilename;
 }
 if(FilesStr != "")
  delete_single_file(FilesStr);
}
function del_selected_uploaded()
{
 var upLoadedFileSelect = document.getElementById("select_uploaded_file");
 var FilesStr = "";
 for(var i=upLoadedFileSelect.length - 1;i >= 0;i--)
 {
  if(upLoadedFileSelect.options[i].selected)
  {
   if(FilesStr != "")
    FilesStr += "/n";
   FilesStr += upLoadedFileSelect.options[i].value;
   upLoadedFileSelect.remove(i);
  }
 }
 if(FilesStr != "")
  delete_single_file(FilesStr);
 update_uploaded_file_str();
}
function delete_single_file(mfns)
{
 var param = "fns=" + escape(mfns);
 var xml_http2 = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
 xml_http2.open("POST","UpLoad.aspx?fn=&ps=-1",true);
 xml_http2.setRequestHeader("content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
 xml_http2.setRequestHeader("Content-Length",param.length);
 xml_http2.send(param);
}
function update_uploaded_file_str()
{
 var upLoadedFileSelect = document.getElementById("select_uploaded_file");
 var uploaded_file_str = document.getElementById("uploaded_file");
 var fileListStr = "";
 for(var i = 0;i < upLoadedFileSelect.length;i++)
 {
  if(i != 0)
   fileListStr += "/n";
  fileListStr += upLoadedFileSelect.options[i].value;
 }
 uploaded_file_str.value = fileListStr.replace(////gi,"/");
}
function WindowUnload_Event()
{
 if(!submited)
  delete_all_file();
 else if(!Breaked)
 {
  CancelSend();
 }
}
window.onbeforeunload = WindowUnload_Event;

服务器端upload.aspx源代码:
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.IO;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Configuration;
namespace UpLoad
{
 public class XMLHttp : System.Web.UI.Page
 {
  private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   string partid = Request.QueryString["ps"];
   string filename = Request.QueryString["fn"];
   
   string upPath = System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["upLoadFilePath"].ToString();    //文件保存路径,请自行设置。请确保具备该路径的访问权限。
   if(!upPath.EndsWith("//"))
    upPath += "//";

   if(partid == "-1")
   {
    string[] filenames = Request.Form["fns"].Split('/n');
    for(int i=0;i < filenames.Length;i++)
    {
     if(System.IO.File.Exists(upPath + filenames[i]))
      System.IO.File.Delete(upPath + filenames[i]);
    }
    return;
   }
   if(partid == "0")
   {
    DateTime myDate = DateTime.Now;
    string _vPath = myDate.Date.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd").Replace("-","//") + "//";

    if(!System.IO.Directory.Exists(upPath+_vPath))
     System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(upPath+_vPath);

    string Ext = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(filename);
    filename = _vPath + filename;
    int fn_len = filename.Length - Ext.Length;
    int i = 0;
    while(System.IO.File.Exists(upPath + filename))
    {
     i++;
     filename = filename.Substring(0,fn_len) + String.Format("({0})",i.ToString()) + Ext;
    }
   }
   byte[] buffer = Request.BinaryRead(Convert.ToInt32(Request.ContentLength));
   System.IO.FileStream FS = new System.IO.FileStream(upPath + filename,System.IO.FileMode.Append);
   FS.Write(buffer,0,buffer.Length);
   FS.Close();
   Response.Clear();
   Response.ContentType = "text/xml";
   Response.Write(@"");
   Response.Write("" + filename + "");
   Response.End();
  }
  override protected void OnInit(EventArgs e)
  {
   InitializeComponent();
   base.OnInit(e);
  }
  private void InitializeComponent()
  {
   this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Load);
  }
 }
}

说明:本上传功能使用了Adodb.stream组件,由于该组件的安全行问题,部分可能无法创建对象,请手动修改注册表
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Internet Explorer/ActiveX Compatibility/{00000566-0000-0010-8000-00AA006D2EA4}
将Compatibility Flags改为0
并将页面地址添加到受信任站点,并降低受信任站点的安全特性

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