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不失真的图片展示

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在项目中有很多地方需要展示图片,我们怎才能不失真的展示呢,如果图片宽大于屏幕,我们跟据宽的比例把图片缩放,高也同理.

工具类代码如下:

//根据图片路径把图片不失真展示
public static Bitmap displayFromFile(ImageInfo info) {
		Bitmap bm = null;
		InputStream is = null;
		try {
			is = new FileInputStream(info.path);
			bm = displayFromStream(is, info);
			int degree = getExifOrientation(info.path);
			if (info.isLandscape()) {
				degree += 90;
			}
			if (degree % 360 != 0) {
				bm = rotate(bm, degree);
			}
			if (info.scale) {
				bm = scale(bm, info.isLandscape() ? info.height : info.width,
						info.isLandscape() ? info.width : info.height);
			}
		} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			try {
				if (is != null) {
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
		return bm;
	}
	//资源文件中的图片不失真展示
	public static Bitmap displayFromDrawable(Context context, ImageInfo info) {
		Bitmap bm = null;
		InputStream is = null;
		try {
			is = context.getResources().openRawResource(info.resId);
			bm = displayFromStream(is, info);
			if (info.scale) {
				bm = scale(bm, info.isLandscape() ? info.height : info.width,
						info.isLandscape() ? info.width : info.height);
			}
		} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			try {
				if (is != null) {
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (IOException e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
		return bm;
	}
	//旋转图片
	private static Bitmap rotate(Bitmap bm, int degree) {
		if (bm == null) {
			return bm;
		}
		Matrix m = new Matrix();
		m.setRotate(degree, (float) bm.getWidth() / 2,
				(float) bm.getHeight() / 2);
		float targetX, targetY;
		if (degree == 90) {
			targetX = bm.getHeight();
			targetY = 0;
		} else {
			targetX = bm.getHeight();
			targetY = bm.getWidth();
		}

		final float[] values = new float[9];
		m.getValues(values);

		float x1 = values[Matrix.MTRANS_X];
		float y1 = values[Matrix.MTRANS_Y];

		m.postTranslate(targetX - x1, targetY - y1);

		Bitmap bm1 = Bitmap.createBitmap(bm.getHeight(), bm.getWidth(),
				Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
		Paint paint = new Paint();
		Canvas canvas = new Canvas(bm1);
		canvas.drawBitmap(bm, m, paint);
		if (bm != null && bm != bm1) {
			bm.recycle();
			bm = null;
		}
		return bm1;
	}
	//判断图片的横竖
	public static int getExifOrientation(String filepath) {
		int degree = 0;
		try {
			ExifInterface exif = new ExifInterface(filepath);
			int orientation = exif.getAttributeInt(
					ExifInterface.TAG_ORIENTATION, -1);
			switch (orientation) {
			case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_90:
				degree = 90;
				break;
			case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_180:
				degree = 180;
				break;
			case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_270:
				degree = 270;
				break;
			}
		} catch (Exception ex) {
				ex.printStackTrace();
		}
		return degree;
	}
	//对处理图片使图片适应屏幕
	private static Bitmap scale(Bitmap bm, float width, float height) {
		if (bm == null || width == 0 || height == 0) {
			return bm;
		}
		Matrix m = new Matrix();
		float scale = Math.max(width / bm.getWidth(), height / bm.getHeight());
		m.postScale(scale, scale);
		Bitmap temp1 = Bitmap.createBitmap(bm, 0, 0, bm.getWidth(),
				bm.getHeight(), m, false);
		if (bm != null && bm != temp1) {
			bm.recycle();
			bm = null;
		}
		int x = Math.max(0, (int) ((temp1.getWidth() - width) / 2));
		int y = Math.max(0, (int) ((temp1.getHeight() - height) / 2));
		Bitmap temp2 = Bitmap.createBitmap(temp1, x, y, (int) width,
				(int) height, null, false);
		if (temp1 != null && temp1 != temp2) {
			temp1.recycle();
			temp1 = null;
		}
		return temp2;
	}
	//图片进行压缩
	private static Bitmap displayFromStream(InputStream is, ImageInfo info) {
		BitmapFactory.Options opts = new BitmapFactory.Options();
		opts.inPreferredConfig = Bitmap.Config.RGB_565;
		opts.inPurgeable = true;
		opts.inInputShareable = true;
		if (info.limitSize && info.width != 0 && info.height != 0) {
			opts.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
			BitmapFactory.decodeStream(is, null, opts);
			int heightRatio = (int) Math.ceil(opts.outHeight
					/ (float) info.height);
			int widthRatio = (int) Math
					.ceil(opts.outWidth / (float) info.width);
			if (heightRatio > 1 && widthRatio > 1) {
				opts.inSampleSize = heightRatio > widthRatio ? heightRatio
						: widthRatio;
			}
			opts.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
		}
		return BitmapFactory.decodeStream(is, null, opts);
	}

info主要用来获得图的属性 类代码如下:

public class ImageInfo {
	// 图片来源 content, drawable, file, assets
	public String scheme;
	public String path;
	public int resId;
	public int width;
	public int height;
	public boolean limitSize = false;
	public boolean scale;
	private int orientation = Configuration.ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT;

	public ImageInfo(String scheme) {
		super();
		this.scheme = scheme;
	}
	
	public ImageInfo(ImageInfo info) {
		this.scheme = info.scheme;
		this.path = info.path;
		this.resId = info.resId;
		this.width = info.width;
		this.height = info.height;
		this.limitSize = info.limitSize;
		this.scale = info.scale;
		this.orientation = info.orientation;
	}

	public void setOrientation(int orientation) {
		if (this.orientation != orientation) {
			int temp = width;
			width = height;
			height = temp;
			this.orientation = orientation;
		}
	}

	public int getOrientation() {
		return orientation;
	}

	public boolean isLandscape() {
		return orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return scheme + "-" + path + "-" + resId + "-" + width + "-" + height
				+ "-" + limitSize + "-" + scale + "-" + orientation;
	}

	public static ImageInfo getMusicInfo(int albumId, boolean limitSize) {
		ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo("music");
		info.resId = albumId;
		if (limitSize) {
			info.limitSize = true;
			info.width = 100;
			info.height = 100;
		}
		return info;
	}

	public static ImageInfo getAssetsInfo(String path) {
		ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo("assets");
		info.path = path;
		return info;
	}
	//资源文件中的图片
	public static ImageInfo getDrawableInfo(int resId) {
		ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo("drawable");
		info.resId = resId;
		return info;
	}
	//从相册中获取的图片
	public static ImageInfo getFileInfo(String path) {
		ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo("file");
		info.path = path;
		return info;
	}

//	public static ImageInfo getMusicInfo(String path, boolean limitSize) {
//		ImageInfo info = new ImageInfo("music");
//		info.path = path;
//		if (limitSize) {
//			info.limitSize = true;
//			info.width = 100;
//			info.height = 100;
//		}
//		return info;
//	}
}


具体使用如下:

//先通过ImageInfo类中的getDrawableInfo方法把资源文件的路径设置进去
ImageInfo info = ImageInfo.getDrawableInfo(ps
						.getChangeWallpaper());
//要展示图片区域的宽		ScreenUtil.getWindowsW(context)是屏幕的宽				
info.width = ScreenUtil.getWindowsW(context);
//要展示图片区域的高   	    ScreenUtil.getWindowsH(context)是屏幕的高									
info.height = ScreenUtil.getWindowsH(context);
//是竖着展示
info.scale = true;
//然后调用FileUtil.displayFromDrawable方法将图片展示
viewPager.setBackgroundDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(
getResources(), FileUtil.displayFromDrawable(
								getContext(), info)));
//从相册中获取图片展示
ImageInfo info = ImageInfo.getFileInfo(ps.getSetWallpaper());
info.width = ScreenUtil.getWindowsW(context);
info.height = ScreenUtil.getWindowsH(context);
info.scale = true;
viewPager.setBackgroundDrawable(new BitmapDrawable(
						getResources(), FileUtil.displayFromFile(info)));


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