关闭

java 之 ThreadLocal学习

281人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
import java.util.Random;

public class ThreadLocalTest {

	//一个threadlocal代表一个变量
	private static ThreadLocal<Integer> x = new ThreadLocal<Integer>();
	private static ThreadLocal<MyThreadScopeData> myThreadScopeData = new ThreadLocal<MyThreadScopeData>();	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		for(int i=0;i<2;i++) {
			new Thread(new Runnable() {

				@Override
				public void run() {
					int data = new Random().nextInt();
					System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " has put data :"+ data);
					x.set(data);
					
					MyThreadScopeData myData = new MyThreadScopeData();
					myData.setName("name"+data);
					myData.setAge(data);
					myThreadScopeData.set(myData);
					new A().get();
					new B().get();
				}
				
			}).start();
		}
	}
	static class A {
		public void get() {
			int data = x.get();
			
			System.out.println("A from  "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+" get data : " +data);
			
			MyThreadScopeData myData = myThreadScopeData.get();
			System.out.println("A from "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+  " get mydata ["+myData.getName()+"---"+myData.getAge()+"]");
		}
	}
	
	static class B {
		public void get() {
			int data = x.get();
			System.out.println("B from  "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+" get data : " +data);
			
			MyThreadScopeData myData = myThreadScopeData.get();
			System.out.println("A from "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+  " get mydata ["+myData.getName()+"---"+myData.getAge()+"]");
		}
	}
}

/**
 * threadLocal存储多个变量,封装成一个实体
 * @author ETHAN
 *
 */
class MyThreadScopeData {
	private String name;
	private int age;
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	
}

运行结果:

Thread-0 has put data :1763666590
Thread-1 has put data :1672527073
A from  Thread-0 get data : 1763666590
A from Thread-0 get mydata [name1763666590---1763666590]
A from  Thread-1 get data : 1672527073
A from Thread-1 get mydata [name1672527073---1672527073]
B from  Thread-0 get data : 1763666590
B from  Thread-1 get data : 1672527073
A from Thread-0 get mydata [name1763666590---1763666590]
A from Thread-1 get mydata [name1672527073---1672527073]

import java.util.Random;

public class ThreadLocalTest2 {

	//一个threadlocal代表一个变量
	private static ThreadLocal<Integer> x = new ThreadLocal<Integer>();
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		for(int i=0;i<2;i++) {
			new Thread(new Runnable() {

				@Override
				public void run() {
					int data = new Random().nextInt();
					System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " has put data :"+ data);
					x.set(data);
					
					MyThreadScopeData2.getInstance().setName("name"+data);
					MyThreadScopeData2.getInstance().setAge(data);
					new A().get();
					new B().get();
				}
				
			}).start();
		}
	}
	static class A {
		public void get() {
			int data = x.get();
			
			System.out.println("A from  "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+" get data : " +data);
			
			MyThreadScopeData2 myData = MyThreadScopeData2.getInstance();
			System.out.println("A from "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+  " get mydata ["+myData.getName()+"---"+myData.getAge()+"]");
		}
	}
	
	static class B {
		public void get() {
			int data = x.get();
			System.out.println("B from  "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+" get data : " +data);
			
			MyThreadScopeData2 myData = MyThreadScopeData2.getInstance();
			System.out.println("A from "+Thread.currentThread().getName()+  " get mydata ["+myData.getName()+"---"+myData.getAge()+"]");
		}
	}
}

/**
 * threadLocal存储多个变量,封装成一个实体
 * 这就是一个容器,装着个各线程的变量,比如struts2
 * 线程死掉后,value remove()
 * 线程何时死亡,不可知
 * 如果线程结束了,ThreadLocal会自动remove
 * @author ETHAN
 *
 */
class MyThreadScopeData2 {
	private static ThreadLocal<MyThreadScopeData2> map = new ThreadLocal<MyThreadScopeData2>();
	
	private MyThreadScopeData2() {}
	//threadLocal每个线程 取各自的,不相干
	public static /*synchronized*/ MyThreadScopeData2 getInstance()  {
		//从threadlocal中拿
		MyThreadScopeData2 instance= map.get();
		if(instance==null) {
			instance = new MyThreadScopeData2();
			map.set(instance);
		} 
		
		return instance;
	}
	private String name;
	private int age;
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	
}

运行结果:

Thread-0 has put data :703649381
Thread-1 has put data :1447231087
A from  Thread-0 get data : 703649381
A from  Thread-1 get data : 1447231087
A from Thread-0 get mydata [name703649381---703649381]
A from Thread-1 get mydata [name1447231087---1447231087]
B from  Thread-0 get data : 703649381
B from  Thread-1 get data : 1447231087
A from Thread-0 get mydata [name703649381---703649381]
A from Thread-1 get mydata [name1447231087---1447231087]

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:615927次
    • 积分:7138
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第3150名
    • 原创:183篇
    • 转载:80篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:123条
    文章分类
    最新评论