OpenLayers3基础教程——OL3之Popup

原创 2015年07月07日 22:23:00

概述:

本节重点讲述OpenLayers3中Popup的调用时实现,OL3改用Overlay代替OL2的Popup功能。


接口简介:

overlay跟ol.control.Control一样,是一个可见的窗口,但是不和Control一样,不是固定在地图区域的某个部分,而是显示在一个地图坐标上,随着地图的移动或者缩放而移动的。其调用方式如下:

var popup = new ol.Overlay({
  element: document.getElementById('popup')
});
popup.setPosition(coordinate);
map.addOverlay(popup);

new ol.Overlay(options)

NameTypeDescription
options

Overlay options.

NameTypeDescription
elementElement | undefined

The overlay element.

offsetArray.<number> |undefined

Offsets in pixels used when positioning the overlay. The fist element in the array is the horizontal offset. A positive value shifts the overlay right. The second element in the array is the vertical offset. A positive value shifts the overlay down. Default is [0, 0].

positionol.Coordinate |undefined

The overlay position in map projection.

positioningol.OverlayPositioningstring | undefined

Defines how the overlay is actually positioned with respect to its position property. Possible values are'bottom-left''bottom-center''bottom-right''center-left''center-center','center-right''top-left''top-center', and 'top-right'. Default is 'top-left'.

stopEventboolean | undefined

Whether event propagation to the map viewport should be stopped. Default is true. If true the overlay is placed in the same container as that of the controls (CSS class name ol-overlaycontainer-stopevent); iffalse it is placed in the container with CSS class name ol-overlaycontainer.

insertFirstboolean | undefined

Whether the overlay is inserted first in the overlay container, or appended. Default is true. If the overlay is placed in the same container as that of the controls (see the stopEvent option) you will probably setinsertFirst to true so the overlay is displayed below the controls.

Fires:

Extends

Observable Properties

NameTypeSettableol.ObjectEvent typeDescription
elementElement | undefinedyeschange:element

The Element containing the overlay.

mapol.Map | undefinedyeschange:map

The map that the overlay is part of.

offsetArray.<number>yeschange:offset

The offset.

positionol.Coordinate | undefinedyeschange:position

The spatial point that the overlay is anchored at.

positioningol.OverlayPositioningyeschange:positioning

How the overlay is positioned relative to its point on the map.

Methods

getElement(){Element|undefined}

Get the DOM element of this overlay.

Returns:
The Element containing the overlay. 

getMap(){ol.Map|undefined}

Get the map associated with this overlay.

Returns:
The map that the overlay is part of. 

getOffset(){Array.<number>}

Get the offset of this overlay.

Returns:
The offset. 

getPosition(){ol.Coordinate|undefined}

Get the current position of this overlay.

Returns:
The spatial point that the overlay is anchored at. 

Get the current positioning of this overlay.

Returns:
How the overlay is positioned relative to its point on the map. 

on(type, listener, opt_this){goog.events.Key} inherited

Listen for a certain type of event.

NameTypeDescription
typestring | Array.<string>

The event type or array of event types.

listenerfunction

The listener function.

thisObject

The object to use as this in listener.

Returns:
Unique key for the listener. 

once(type, listener, opt_this){goog.events.Key} inherited

Listen once for a certain type of event.

NameTypeDescription
typestring | Array.<string>

The event type or array of event types.

listenerfunction

The listener function.

thisObject

The object to use as this in listener.

Returns:
Unique key for the listener. 

setElement(element)

Set the DOM element to be associated with this overlay.

NameTypeDescription
elementElement | undefined

The Element containing the overlay.

Set the map to be associated with this overlay.

NameTypeDescription
mapol.Map | undefined

The map that the overlay is part of.

setOffset(offset)

Set the offset for this overlay.

NameTypeDescription
offsetArray.<number>

Offset.

setPosition(position)

Set the position for this overlay.

NameTypeDescription
positionol.Coordinate | undefined

The spatial point that the overlay is anchored at.

setPositioning(positioning)

Set the positioning for this overlay.

NameTypeDescription
positioningol.OverlayPositioning

how the overlay is positioned relative to its point on the map.

un(type, listener, opt_this) inherited

Unlisten for a certain type of event.

NameTypeDescription
typestring | Array.<string>

The event type or array of event types.

listenerfunction

The listener function.

thisObject

The object which was used as this by the listener.

Removes an event listener using the key returned by on() or once().

NameTypeDescription
keygoog.events.Key

Key.

上面的内容是OL3 的API中关于overlay的部分。


调用示例:

1、popup样式

		body, #map {
			border: 0px;
			margin: 0px;
			padding: 0px;
			width: 100%;
			height: 100%;
			font-size: 13px;
		}

		.ol-popup {
			display: none;
			position: absolute;
			background-color: white;
			-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
			-webkit-filter: drop-shadow(0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2));
			filter: drop-shadow(0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2));
			border: 1px solid #cccccc;
			bottom: 12px;
			left: -50px;
			width: 200px;
		}
		.ol-popup:after, .ol-popup:before {
			top: 100%;
			border: solid transparent;
			content: " ";
			height: 0;
			width: 0;
			position: absolute;
			pointer-events: none;
		}
		.ol-popup:after {
			border-top-color: white;
			border-width: 10px;
			left: 48px;
			margin-left: -10px;
		}
		.ol-popup:before {
			border-top-color: #cccccc;
			border-width: 11px;
			left: 48px;
			margin-left: -11px;
		}
		.popup-title{
			font-weight: bold;
			border-bottom:1px solid #cccccc;
			padding: 5px 8px;
		}
		.popup-content{
			padding: 5px 8px;
		}
		.ol-popup-closer {
			text-decoration: none;
			position: absolute;
			top: 6px;
			right: 6px;
		}
		.ol-popup-closer:after {
			content: "✖";
		}
2、popup容器

<div id="map">
	<div id="popup" class="ol-popup">
		<a href="#" id="popup-closer" class="ol-popup-closer"></a>
		<div id="popup-title" class="popup-title"></div>
		<div id="popup-content" class="popup-content"></div>
	</div>
</div>
3、实现js

			var container = document.getElementById('popup');
			var content = document.getElementById('popup-content');
			var title = document.getElementById('popup-title');
			var closer = document.getElementById('popup-closer');
			closer.onclick = function(){
				container.style.display = 'none';
				closer.blur();
				return false;
			};
			var overlay = new ol.Overlay({
				element: container
			});
			map.addOverlay(overlay);
			map.on('click', function(evt) {
				var coordinate = evt.coordinate;
				var hdms = ol.coordinate.toStringHDMS(ol.proj.transform(
						coordinate, 'EPSG:4326', 'EPSG:4326'));
				overlay.setPosition(coordinate);
				content.innerHTML = '<p>You clicked here:</p><code>' + hdms +
				'</code>';
				container.style.display = 'block';
				title.innerHTML = "提示信息";
				title.style.display = 'block';
				map.getView().setCenter(coordinate);
			});

示例完整代码如下:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
	<title>Ol3 popup</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://localhost/ol3/css/ol.css"/>
	<style type="text/css">
		body, #map {
			border: 0px;
			margin: 0px;
			padding: 0px;
			width: 100%;
			height: 100%;
			font-size: 13px;
		}

		.ol-popup {
			display: none;
			position: absolute;
			background-color: white;
			-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
			-webkit-filter: drop-shadow(0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2));
			filter: drop-shadow(0 1px 4px rgba(0,0,0,0.2));
			border: 1px solid #cccccc;
			bottom: 12px;
			left: -50px;
			width: 200px;
		}
		.ol-popup:after, .ol-popup:before {
			top: 100%;
			border: solid transparent;
			content: " ";
			height: 0;
			width: 0;
			position: absolute;
			pointer-events: none;
		}
		.ol-popup:after {
			border-top-color: white;
			border-width: 10px;
			left: 48px;
			margin-left: -10px;
		}
		.ol-popup:before {
			border-top-color: #cccccc;
			border-width: 11px;
			left: 48px;
			margin-left: -11px;
		}
		.popup-title{
			font-weight: bold;
			border-bottom:1px solid #cccccc;
			padding: 5px 8px;
		}
		.popup-content{
			padding: 5px 8px;
		}
		.ol-popup-closer {
			text-decoration: none;
			position: absolute;
			top: 6px;
			right: 6px;
		}
		.ol-popup-closer:after {
			content: "✖";
		}
	</style>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="http://localhost/ol3/build/ol.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="http://localhost/jquery/jquery-1.8.3.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript">
		function init(){
			var format = 'image/png';
			var bounds = [73.4510046356223, 18.1632471876417,
				134.976797646506, 53.5319431522236];
			var untiled = new ol.layer.Image({
				source: new ol.source.ImageWMS({
					ratio: 1,
					url: 'http://localhost:8081/geoserver/lzugis/wms',
					params: {'FORMAT': format,
						'VERSION': '1.1.1',
						LAYERS: 'lzugis:capital',
						STYLES: ''
					}
				})
			});
			var projection = new ol.proj.Projection({
				code: 'EPSG:4326',
				units: 'degrees'
			});
			var container = document.getElementById('popup');
			var content = document.getElementById('popup-content');
			var title = document.getElementById('popup-title');
			var closer = document.getElementById('popup-closer');
			closer.onclick = function(){
				container.style.display = 'none';
				closer.blur();
				return false;
			};
			var overlay = new ol.Overlay({
				element: container
			});
			map.addOverlay(overlay);

			var map = new ol.Map({
				controls: ol.control.defaults({
					attribution: false
				}),
				target: 'map',
				layers: [untiled],
				overlays: [overlay],
				view: new ol.View({
					projection: projection
				})
			});
			map.getView().fitExtent(bounds, map.getSize());

			map.on('click', function(evt) {
				var coordinate = evt.coordinate;
				var hdms = ol.coordinate.toStringHDMS(ol.proj.transform(
						coordinate, 'EPSG:4326', 'EPSG:4326'));
				overlay.setPosition(coordinate);
				content.innerHTML = '<p>You clicked here:</p><code>' + hdms +
				'</code>';
				container.style.display = 'block';
				title.innerHTML = "提示信息";
				title.style.display = 'block';
				map.getView().setCenter(coordinate);
			});
		}
	</script>
</head>
<body onLoad="init()">
<div id="map">
	<div id="popup" class="ol-popup">
		<a href="#" id="popup-closer" class="ol-popup-closer"></a>
		<div id="popup-title" class="popup-title"></div>
		<div id="popup-content" class="popup-content"></div>
	</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

实现后的效果如下:



相关文章:

OpenLayers3基础教程——OL3基本概念

OpenLayers3基础教程——加载资源

OpenLayers3基础教程——OL3 介绍control








版权声明:本文为LZUGIS原创文章,未经允许不得转载。

OpenLayers 3 之 弹出框(popup)

摘要          上回说到,加载完地图后,我们想更多一点交互,而不仅仅是缩放和平移,赋予地图多一点的生命 ~-~!点击地图,它至少应该知道我是在哪里点击了,并且弹出一个气球类似的框框告诉我!这次...
  • qingyafan
  • qingyafan
  • 2015年03月18日 17:05
  • 8493

css实现tip popup

css实现tip popup
  • earthhour
  • earthhour
  • 2015年07月02日 17:34
  • 995

openlayers4隐藏掉放大缩小图标

设置openlayers的ol.css的样式 .ol-overlaycontainer-stopevent { display:none; }
  • h1534589653
  • h1534589653
  • 2018年01月10日 14:25
  • 79

openlayers3+中模拟晨昏线

最近在flightware上看到一个好玩的功能,根据季节和一天中的时间,计算太阳的光照线,并模拟出白天黑夜分界线。这里分享一下。 1.结果 夏至日-北京时间12点:北半球光照最多,白天最长,黑夜最短...
  • u014529917
  • u014529917
  • 2017年08月23日 15:52
  • 655

Openlayers之Popup标注

1、Popup标注 Popup标注,即通过冒泡的方式显示标注点的信息,一般与基本的标注点一起使用,而且可以结合HTML、CSS等样式自定义标注信息样式,在弹出框中描述详细点的信息; 2、代码实现 ...
  • SmileCoffin
  • SmileCoffin
  • 2017年02月20日 15:51
  • 1904

OpenLayers 3 之 事件体系详解

地图上的各种事件触发到底是怎么回事?熟悉前端的肯定知道 javascript 的事件机制,openlayers 既然是 javascript 实现的,那么它就也不例外,也遵循 W3C 的标准,只不过是...
  • qingyafan
  • qingyafan
  • 2016年05月04日 09:19
  • 8964

OpenLayers 3 之 Overlay(覆盖物)详解

Overlay 从名字看,是覆盖图、覆盖物的意思,主要的用途就是在地图之上再覆盖一层,用以显示额外的可见元素,可见元素一般是 HTML 元素,利用 overlay,可以将可见元素放置到地图的任意位置,...
  • qingyafan
  • qingyafan
  • 2015年11月20日 16:25
  • 7617

openlayers3之overlay,以弹出框添加图表为例

ol3中有个ol.Overlay,使用这个类我们可以根据经纬度在地图中添加各种html要素。 我们现在地图中增加一个弹出框,再在弹出框中生成图表,如下图所示: html中添加一个div容器:...
  • u014529917
  • u014529917
  • 2016年08月18日 15:16
  • 3488

openlayers3中三种动画实现

一、.在div中使用CSS3动画,以overlay的形式添加 1.先为一个div创建css,我的css不太好,直接引用别人的css.css_animation{ height:50px...
  • u014529917
  • u014529917
  • 2016年09月12日 17:02
  • 7218

OpenLayers3应用

OpenLayers3应用 sf2gis@163.com 2015年6月17日   1 使用WEB服务 1.1 显示OpenStreetMap 示例:         ...
  • sf2gis2
  • sf2gis2
  • 2015年06月30日 23:38
  • 2371
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:OpenLayers3基础教程——OL3之Popup
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)