# POJ 3744 Scout YYF I [概率DP]

Description

YYF is a couragous scout. Now he is on a dangerous mission which is to penetrate into the enemy's base. After overcoming a series difficulties, YYF is now at the start of enemy's famous "mine road". This is a very long road, on which there are numbers of mines. At first, YYF is at step one. For each step after that, YYF will walk one step with a probability of p, or jump two step with a probality of 1- p. Here is the task, given the place of each mine, please calculate the probality that YYF can go through the "mine road" safely.

Input

The input contains many test cases ended with EOF
Each test case contains two lines.
The First line of each test case is N (1 ≤ N ≤ 10) and p (0.25 ≤ p ≤ 0.75) seperated by a single blank, standing for the number of mines and the probability to walk one step.
The Second line of each test case is N integer standing for the place of N mines. Each integer is in the range of [1, 100000000].

Output

For each test case, output the probabilty in a single line with the precision to 7 digits after the decimal point.

OXOOOOX

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<algorithm>
#include<math.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<set>
#include<map>
#include<queue>
#include<vector>
#include<bitset>
template <class T>
bool scanff(T &ret){ //Faster Input
char c; int sgn; T bit=0.1;
if(c=getchar(),c==EOF) return 0;
while(c!='-'&&c!='.'&&(c<'0'||c>'9')) c=getchar();
sgn=(c=='-')?-1:1;
ret=(c=='-')?0:(c-'0');
while(c=getchar(),c>='0'&&c<='9') ret=ret*10+(c-'0');
if(c==' '||c=='\n'){ ret*=sgn; return 1; }
while(c=getchar(),c>='0'&&c<='9') ret+=(c-'0')*bit,bit/=10;
ret*=sgn;
return 1;
}
#define inf 1073741823
#define llinf 4611686018427387903LL
#define PI acos(-1.0)
#define lth (th<<1)
#define rth (th<<1|1)
#define rep(i,a,b) for(int i=int(a);i<=int(b);i++)
#define drep(i,a,b) for(int i=int(a);i>=int(b);i--)
#define gson(i,root) for(int i=ptx[root];~i;i=ed[i].next)
#define tdata int testnum;scanff(testnum);for(int cas=1;cas<=testnum;cas++)
#define mem(x,val) memset(x,val,sizeof(x))
#define mkp(a,b) make_pair(a,b)
#define findx(x) lower_bound(b+1,b+1+bn,x)-b
#define pb(x) push_back(x)
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int,int> pii;

int n,a[1111];
double p,f[1111];
int main(){
while(scanf("%d%lf",&n,&p)!=EOF){
mem(f,0);
f[1]=1.0;
rep(i,2,1000){
f[i]=f[i-1]*p+f[i-2]*(1.0-p);
}
double ans=1.0;
rep(i,1,n)scanff(a[i]);
sort(a+1,a+1+n);
int an=unique(a+1,a+1+n)-a-1;
a[0]=0;
rep(i,1,an){
int x=a[i];
int dis=min(a[i]-a[i-1]-1,1000);
ans=ans*f[dis]*(1.0-p);
}
printf("%.7f\n",ans);
}
return 0;
}


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