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二叉排序树(北京邮电大学-2012)

标签: 九度
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主类:

import bst.*;
public class BinarySearch
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
        List<BST> list = new ArrayList<BST>();
        BST<Integer,Integer> bst = new BST<Integer,Integer>();
        while(scan.hasNext())
        {
            int number = scan.nextInt();
            for(int i=0;i<number;i++)
            {
                bst.put(scan.nextInt(),number);
            }
            list.add(bst);
        }
        //bst.inOrderTraverse();
        for(int i=0;i<list.size();i++)
        {
            list.get(i).preOrderTraverse();
        }
    }

sort包中的BST类:

public class BST<Key extends Comparable<Key>,Value>
{
    private  Node root;
    public Key getRoot(){
        return root.getKey();
    }

    //BST插入算法
    public void put(Key key,Value val)
    {
        root = put(root,key,val);
    }
    public Node put(Node x,Key key,Value val)
    {
        if(x==null) return new Node(key,val,1);
        int cmp = key.compareTo(x.key);
        if(cmp<0)
            x.left = put(x.left,key,val);
        else if(cmp>0)
            x.right = put(x.right,key,val);
        else
            x.val = val;
        x.N =size(x.left)+size(x.right)+1;
        return x;
    }
    //BST查找算法
    public Value get(Key key)
    {
        Node x =root;
        while(x!=null)
        {
            int cmp = key.compareTo(x.key);
            if(cmp<0) x= x.left;
            else if(cmp>0) x = x.right;
            else return x.val;
        }
        return null;
    }
    //BST删除算法
    public void delete(Key key)
    {   
        root = delete(root,key);
    }
    public Node delete(Node x,Key key)
    {
        if(x==null) return null;
        int cmp = key.compareTo(x.key);
        if     (cmp < 0) x.left = delete(x.left,key);
        else if(cmp>0) x.right = delete(x.right,key);
        else
        {
            if(x.right == null) return x.left;
            if(x.left == null) return x.right;
            Node t = x;
            x = min(t.right);
            x.right = deleteMin(t.right);
            x.left = t.left;
        }
        x.N = size(x.left) + size(x.right) + 1;
        return x;
    }
    //BST最小键求法
    public Key min()
    {
        return min(root).key;
    }
    public Node min(Node x)
    {
        if(x.left == null) return x;
        return min(x.left);
    }
    //BST删除最小值算法
    public void deleteMin()
    {
        root = deleteMin(root);
    }
    private Node deleteMin(Node x)
    {
        if(x.left==null) return x.right;
        x.left = deleteMin(x.left);
        x.N = size(x.left) + size(x.right) + 1;
        return x;
    }
    //先根遍历算法,寻找父亲结点
    public void preOrderTraverse()
    {
         preOrderTraverse(root);
    }
    private void preOrderTraverse(Node x)
    {
        Node T = x;
        if(T==null) return;
        if(x.left!=null) x.left.setParent(x);
        if(x.right!=null) x.right.setParent(x);
        if(T==this.root) System.out.println("-1"+" ");
        else
            System.out.println(x.getParent().getKey()+" ");
        preOrderTraverse(x.left);
        preOrderTraverse(x.right);
    }
    //中序遍历算法
    public void inOrderTraverse()
    {
        inOrderTraverse(root);
    }
    private void inOrderTraverse(Node root)
    {
        Node T= root;
        if(T==null) return;
        inOrderTraverse(root.left);
        System.out.print(root.key+" ");
        inOrderTraverse(root.right);
    }
    //返回总结点个数
    public int size()
    {
        return size(root);
    }
    public int size(Node x)
    {
        if(x == null) return 0;
        else return x.N;
    }


    private class Node
    {
        private Key key;
        private Value val;
        private Node parent,left,right; 
        private int N;

        public Node(Key key,Value val,int N)
        {
            this.key = key;
            this.val = val;
            this.N = N;
        }
        public Node getParent()
        {
            return this.parent;
        }
        public void setParent(Node parent)
        {
            this.parent = parent;
        }
        public Key getKey()
        {
            return this.key;
        }
        public void setKey(Key key)
        {
            this.key = key;
        }



    }   
}

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