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apache和tomcat负载均衡

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为记录apache和tomcat负载均衡过程

测试环境:

xp 

Jdk      1.6

Apache   2.2.25       http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi

Tomcat   tomcat6.0.37  http://tomcat.apache.org/download-60.cgi

一、apache httpserver 安装过程不再介绍

tomcat免安装版,如果是在同一主机上配置两个tomcat需要改相应的端口号防止冲突(本例是在一台主机上两个tomcat)

二、配置开始,修改httpd.conf文件

1、在apache的安装路径中找到httpd.conf文件

LoadModuleproxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so

LoadModuleproxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so

LoadModuleproxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so

LoadModuleproxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so

LoadModuleproxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so

LoadModuleproxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so

LoadModule proxy_scgi_modulemodules/mod_proxy_scgi.so

2、找到以下的信息,将Includeconf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf 这行前面的#号去掉

# Virtual hosts

# Includeconf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

三、找到Apache2.2\conf\extra目录下的httpd-vhosts.conf,安装以下的方式进行修改

1.将这个文件下的 <VirtualHost*:80>内容全部替换为下面的部分,但是serverAdmin和ServerName两个字段的值保持覆盖之前的值。

<VirtualHost*:80> 

    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host. com.cn

    ServerName dummy-host.com.cn

    ServerAlias www.dummy-host.com.cn 

    ProxyRequests Off

    ProxyPreserveHost on

    ProxyPass / balancer://tomcat-cluster/stickysession=JSESSIONID|jsessionid nofailover=Off

    ProxyPassReverse /balancer://tomcat-cluster/ 

    ErrorLog"logs/dummy-host2.sm.com-error.log" 

    CustomLog"logs/dummy-host2.sm.com-access.log" common

    <proxy balancer://tomcat-cluster> 

    BalancerMember ajp://127.0.0.1:18003loadfactor=1 route=jvm1 

    BalancerMember ajp://127.0.0.1:19003loadfactor=1 route=jvm2 

    ProxySet lbmethod=bybusyness

    </proxy>

</VirtualHost>

解释:

BalancerMemberajp://127.0.0.1:18003 loadfactor=1 route=jvm1 

BalancerMember ajp://127.0.0.1:19003loadfactor=1 route=jvm2 

这两行对应的是配置的tomcat相关内容,18003和19003这两个端口对应tomcat中的server.xml中的<Connectorport="19003" protocol="AJP/1.3"redirectPort="8443"/>配置的端口。Jvm1和jvm2必须和tomcat中的配置相对应

四、tomcat配置

1、tomcat1配置

<Server port="18001" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <!--Initialize Jasper prior to webapps are loaded. Documentation at /docs/jasper-howto.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <!-- JMX Support for the Tomcat server. Documentation at /docs/non-existent.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", 
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
  <Service name="Catalina">
  
    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <!--
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-" 
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->
    
    
    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="18002" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <!--
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->           
    <!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the JSSE configuration, when using APR, the 
         connector should be using the OpenSSL style configuration
         described in the APR documentation -->
    <!--
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
               maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
    -->

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="18003" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>


    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">         
    --> 
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost"  jvmRoute="jvm1">
		<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster" channelSendOptions="6">  
        <Manager className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.BackupManager" expireSessionsOnShutdown="false"   
        notifyListenersOnReplication="true" mapSendOptions="6"/>  
        <Channel className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.GroupChannel">  
            <Membership className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.McastService"  
                address="228.0.0.4" port="45565" frequency="500" dropTime="3000"/>  
            <Receiver className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.NioReceiver"  
                address="auto" port="5002" selectorTimeout="100" maxThreads="6"/>  
            <Sender className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter">  
                <Transport className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender"/>  
            </Sender>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector"/>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatch15Interceptor"/>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.ThroughputInterceptor"/>  
        </Channel>  
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.ReplicationValve"  
            filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;.*\.jpg;.*\.png;.*\.htm;.*\.html;.*\.css;.*\.txt;"/>  
        <Deployer className="org.apache.catalina.ha.deploy.FarmWarDeployer"  
            tempDir="/tmp/war-temp/" deployDir="/tmp/war-deploy/" watchDir="/tmp/war-listen/" watchEnabled="false"/>  
        <ClusterListener className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.ClusterSessionListener"/>  
    </Cluster>  
      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <!--
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
         --> 

      <!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
           the request and response data received and sent by Tomcat.
           Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
      <!--
      <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>
      -->

      <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
           resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
           that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
           available for use by the Realm.  -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
             resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

      <!-- Define the default virtual host
           Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
       -->
      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

      
		<Context path="/zdsas" docBase="F:\work\zdsas" reloadable="true" ></Context>
      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>
2、tomcat2配置

<Server port="19001" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

  <!--APR library loader. Documentation at /docs/apr.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <!--Initialize Jasper prior to webapps are loaded. Documentation at /docs/jasper-howto.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
  <!-- Prevent memory leaks due to use of particular java/javax APIs-->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JreMemoryLeakPreventionListener" />
  <!-- JMX Support for the Tomcat server. Documentation at /docs/non-existent.html -->
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />

  <!-- Global JNDI resources
       Documentation at /docs/jndi-resources-howto.html
  -->
  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
         UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users
    -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
       a single "Container" Note:  A "Service" is not itself a "Container", 
       so you may not define subcomponents such as "Valves" at this level.
       Documentation at /docs/config/service.html
   -->
  <Service name="Catalina">
  
    <!--The connectors can use a shared executor, you can define one or more named thread pools-->
    <!--
    <Executor name="tomcatThreadPool" namePrefix="catalina-exec-" 
        maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="4"/>
    -->
    
    
    <!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
         and responses are returned. Documentation at :
         Java HTTP Connector: /docs/config/http.html (blocking & non-blocking)
         Java AJP  Connector: /docs/config/ajp.html
         APR (HTTP/AJP) Connector: /docs/apr.html
         Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080
    -->
    <Connector port="19002" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    <!-- A "Connector" using the shared thread pool-->
    <!--
    <Connector executor="tomcatThreadPool"
               port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="8443" />
    -->           
    <!-- Define a SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443
         This connector uses the JSSE configuration, when using APR, the 
         connector should be using the OpenSSL style configuration
         described in the APR documentation -->
    <!--
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
               maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />
    -->

    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector port="19003" protocol="AJP/1.3" redirectPort="8443"/>


    <!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
         every request.  The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
         analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
         on to the appropriate Host (virtual host).
         Documentation at /docs/config/engine.html -->

    <!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via AJP ie :
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" jvmRoute="jvm1">         
    --> 
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost"  jvmRoute="jvm2">
		<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster" channelSendOptions="6">  
        <Manager className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.BackupManager" expireSessionsOnShutdown="false"   
        notifyListenersOnReplication="true" mapSendOptions="6"/>  
        <Channel className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.GroupChannel">  
            <Membership className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.McastService"  
                address="228.0.0.4" port="45565" frequency="500" dropTime="3000"/>  
            <Receiver className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.NioReceiver"  
                address="auto" port="5002" selectorTimeout="100" maxThreads="6"/>  
            <Sender className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter">  
                <Transport className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender"/>  
            </Sender>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector"/>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatch15Interceptor"/>  
            <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.ThroughputInterceptor"/>  
        </Channel>  
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.ReplicationValve"  
            filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;.*\.jpg;.*\.png;.*\.htm;.*\.html;.*\.css;.*\.txt;"/>  
        <Deployer className="org.apache.catalina.ha.deploy.FarmWarDeployer"  
            tempDir="/tmp/war-temp/" deployDir="/tmp/war-deploy/" watchDir="/tmp/war-listen/" watchEnabled="false"/>  
        <ClusterListener className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.ClusterSessionListener"/>  
    </Cluster>  
      <!--For clustering, please take a look at documentation at:
          /docs/cluster-howto.html  (simple how to)
          /docs/config/cluster.html (reference documentation) -->
      <!--
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
       -->      

      <!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
           the request and response data received and sent by Tomcat.
           Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
      <!--
      <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>
      -->

      <!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
           resources under the key "UserDatabase".  Any edits
           that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
           available for use by the Realm.  -->
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
             resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

      <!-- Define the default virtual host
           Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
       -->
      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

        <!-- SingleSignOn valve, share authentication between web applications
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
        <!--
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn" />
        -->

        <!-- Access log processes all example.
             Documentation at: /docs/config/valve.html -->
        <!--
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs"  
               prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt" pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>
        -->
		<Context path="/zdsas" docBase="F:\work\zdsas" reloadable="true" ></Context>
      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>
五、编写测试页面

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=GBK" %>
<%@ page import="java.util.*" %>
<html><head><title>Cluster App Test</title></head>
<body>
Server Info:
<%
out.println(request.getLocalAddr() + " : " + request.getLocalPort()+"<br>");%>
<%
  out.println("<br> ID " + session.getId()+"<br>");
  // 如果有新的 Session 属性设置
  String dataName = request.getParameter("dataName");
  if (dataName != null && dataName.length() > 0) {
     String dataValue = request.getParameter("dataValue");
     session.setAttribute(dataName, dataValue);
  }
  out.println("<b>Session 列表</b><br>");
  System.out.println("============================");
  Enumeration e = session.getAttributeNames();
  while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
     String name = (String)e.nextElement();
     String value = session.getAttribute(name).toString();
     out.println( name + " = " + value+"<br>");
         System.out.println( name + " = " + value);
   }
%>
  <form action="test2.jsp" method="POST">
    名称:<input type=text size=20 name="dataName">
     <br>
    值:<input type=text size=20 name="dataValue">
     <br>
    <input type=submit>
   </form>
</body>
</html>






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