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java redis使用之利用jedis实现redis消息队列

标签: redis队列
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应用场景

最近在公司做项目,需要对聊天内容进行存储,考虑到数据库查询的IO连接数高、连接频繁的因素,决定利用缓存做。

从网上了解到redis可以对所有的内容进行二进制的存储,而java是可以对所有对象进行序列化的,序列化的方法会在下面的代码中提供实现。

序列化

这里我编写了一个java序列化的工具,主要是对对象转换成byte[],和根据byte[]数组反序列化成java对象;

主要是用到了ByteArrayOutputStream和ByteArrayInputStream;

需要注意的是每个自定义的需要序列化的对象都要实现Serializable接口;

其代码如下:

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package com.bean.util;
 
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
public class ObjectUtil {
    /**对象转byte[]
     * @param obj
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static byte[] objectToBytes(Object obj) throws Exception{
        ByteArrayOutputStream bo = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        ObjectOutputStream oo = new ObjectOutputStream(bo);
        oo.writeObject(obj);
        byte[] bytes = bo.toByteArray();
        bo.close();
        oo.close();
        return bytes;
    }
    /**byte[]转对象
     * @param bytes
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static Object bytesToObject(byte[] bytes) throws Exception{
        ByteArrayInputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
        ObjectInputStream sIn = new ObjectInputStream(in);
        return sIn.readObject();
    }
}

定义一个消息类,主要用于接收消息内容和消息下表的设置。

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package com.bean;
 
import java.io.Serializable;
 
/**定义消息类接收消息内容和设置消息的下标
 * @author lenovo
 *
 */
public class Message implements Serializable{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 7792729L;
    private int id;
    private String content;
    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getContent() {
        return content;
    }
    public void setContent(String content) {
        this.content = content;
    }
}

利用redis做队列,我们采用的是redis中list的push和pop操作;

结合队列的特点:

只允许在一端插入新元素只能在队列的尾部FIFO:先进先出原则

redis中lpush(rpop)或rpush(lpop)可以满足要求,而redis中list 里要push或pop的对象仅需要转换成byte[]即可

java采用Jedis进行redis的存储和redis的连接池设置

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package com.redis.util;
 
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
 
import redis.clients.jedis.Jedis;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisPool;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisPoolConfig;
 
public class JedisUtil {
 
    private static String JEDIS_IP;
    private static int JEDIS_PORT;
    private static String JEDIS_PASSWORD;
    //private static String JEDIS_SLAVE;
 
    private static JedisPool jedisPool;
 
    static {
        Configuration conf = Configuration.getInstance();
        JEDIS_IP = conf.getString("jedis.ip", "127.0.0.1");
        JEDIS_PORT = conf.getInt("jedis.port", 6379);
        JEDIS_PASSWORD = conf.getString("jedis.password", null);
        JedisPoolConfig config = new JedisPoolConfig();
        config.setMaxActive(5000);
        config.setMaxIdle(256);//20
        config.setMaxWait(5000L);
        config.setTestOnBorrow(true);
        config.setTestOnReturn(true);
        config.setTestWhileIdle(true);
        config.setMinEvictableIdleTimeMillis(60000l);
        config.setTimeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis(3000l);
        config.setNumTestsPerEvictionRun(-1);
        jedisPool = new JedisPool(config, JEDIS_IP, JEDIS_PORT, 60000);
    }
 
    /**
     * 获取数据
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public static String get(String key) {
 
        String value = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            value = jedis.get(key);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
 
        return value;
    }
 
    public static void close(Jedis jedis) {
        try {
            jedisPool.returnResource(jedis);
 
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (jedis.isConnected()) {
                jedis.quit();
                jedis.disconnect();
            }
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * 获取数据
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public static byte[] get(byte[] key) {
 
        byte[] value = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            value = jedis.get(key);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
 
        return value;
    }
 
    public static void set(byte[] key, byte[] value) {
 
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.set(key, value);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
    }
 
    public static void set(byte[] key, byte[] value, int time) {
 
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.set(key, value);
            jedis.expire(key, time);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
    }
 
    public static void hset(byte[] key, byte[] field, byte[] value) {
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.hset(key, field, value);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
    }
 
    public static void hset(String key, String field, String value) {
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.hset(key, field, value);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * 获取数据
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public static String hget(String key, String field) {
 
        String value = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            value = jedis.hget(key, field);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
 
        return value;
    }
 
    /**
     * 获取数据
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public static byte[] hget(byte[] key, byte[] field) {
 
        byte[] value = null;
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            value = jedis.hget(key, field);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
 
        return value;
    }
 
    public static void hdel(byte[] key, byte[] field) {
 
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.hdel(key, field);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * 存储REDIS队列 顺序存储
     * @param byte[] key reids键名
     * @param byte[] value 键值
     */
    public static void lpush(byte[] key, byte[] value) {
 
        Jedis jedis = null;
        try {
 
            jedis = jedisPool.getResource();
            jedis.lpush(key, value);
 
        } catch (Exception e) {
 
            //释放redis对象
            jedisPool.returnBrokenResource(jedis);
            e.printStackTrace();
 
        } finally {
 
            //返还到连接池
            close(jedis);