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android LayoutInflater学习

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参考博客  http://blog.csdn.net/yanbober/article/details/45970721


LayoutInflater实例化获取的方法:

    public static LayoutInflater from(Context context) {
        LayoutInflater LayoutInflater =
                (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
        if (LayoutInflater == null) {
            throw new AssertionError("LayoutInflater not found.");
        }
        return LayoutInflater;
    }

看见没有?是否很熟悉?我们平时写应用获取LayoutInflater实例时不也就两种写法吗,如下:
LayoutInflater lif = LayoutInflater.from(Context context);

    LayoutInflater lif = (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);

from方法仅仅是对getSystemService的一个安全封装而已。

得到LayoutInflater对象之后我们就是传递xml然后解析得到View,如下方法:

 public View inflate(int resource, ViewGroup root) {
        return inflate(resource, root, root != null);
    }
 public View inflate(int resource, ViewGroup root, boolean attachToRoot) {
        final Resources res = getContext().getResources();
        if (DEBUG) {
            Log.d(TAG, "INFLATING from resource: \"" + res.getResourceName(resource) + "\" ("
                    + Integer.toHexString(resource) + ")");
        }

        final XmlResourceParser parser = res.getLayout(resource);
        try {
            return inflate(parser, root, attachToRoot);
        } finally {
            parser.close();
        }
    }

从上面可以看出真正的解析在方法 inflate(parser,root,attachToRoot)中

public View inflate(XmlPullParser parser, ViewGroup root, boolean attachToRoot) {
        synchronized (mConstructorArgs) {
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "inflate");
			
            //获取parser中解析的属性集,比如什么TextView、Linearlayout这些
            final AttributeSet attrs = Xml.asAttributeSet(parser);
            Context lastContext = (Context)mConstructorArgs[0];
            mConstructorArgs[0] = mContext;
            //定义返回值,初始化为传入的形参root
            View result = root;

            try {
                // Look for the root node.
                int type;
                while ((type = parser.next()) != XmlPullParser.START_TAG &&
                        type != XmlPullParser.END_DOCUMENT) {
                    // Empty
                }
                //如果一开始就是END_DOCUMENT,那说明xml文件有问题
                if (type != XmlPullParser.START_TAG) {
                    throw new InflateException(parser.getPositionDescription()
                            + ": No start tag found!");
                }
                //有了上面判断说明这里type一定是START_TAG,也就是xml文件里的root node
                final String name = parser.getName();

                if (DEBUG) {
                    System.out.println("**************************");
                    System.out.println("Creating root view: "
                            + name);
                    System.out.println("**************************");
                }

                if (TAG_MERGE.equals(name)) {
                //处理merge tag的情况(merge,你懂的,APP的xml性能优化)
                    //root必须非空且attachToRoot为true,否则抛异常结束(APP使用merge时要注意的地方,
                    //因为merge的xml并不代表某个具体的view,只是将它包起来的其他xml的内容加到某个上层
                    //ViewGroup中。)
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        throw new InflateException("<merge /> can be used only with a valid "
                                + "ViewGroup root and attachToRoot=true");
                    }
                    //递归inflate方法调运
                    rInflate(parser, root, attrs, false, false);
                } else {
                    // Temp is the root view that was found in the xml
                    //xml文件中的root view,根据tag节点创建view对象
                    final View temp = createViewFromTag(root, name, attrs, false);

                    ViewGroup.LayoutParams params = null;

                    if (root != null) {
                        if (DEBUG) {
                            System.out.println("Creating params from root: " +
                                    root);
                        }
                        // Create layout params that match root, if supplied
                        //根据root生成合适的LayoutParams实例
                        params = root.generateLayoutParams(attrs);
                        if (!attachToRoot) {
                            // Set the layout params for temp if we are not
                            // attaching. (If we are, we use addView, below)
                            //如果attachToRoot=false就调用view的setLayoutParams方法
                            temp.setLayoutParams(params);
                        }
                    }

                    if (DEBUG) {
                        System.out.println("-----> start inflating children");
                    }
                    // Inflate all children under temp
                    //递归inflate剩下的children
                    rInflate(parser, temp, attrs, true, true);
                    if (DEBUG) {
                        System.out.println("-----> done inflating children");
                    }

                    // We are supposed to attach all the views we found (int temp)
                    // to root. Do that now.
                    if (root != null && attachToRoot) {
                        //root非空且attachToRoot=true则将xml文件的root view加到形参提供的root里
                        root.addView(temp, params);
                    }

                    // Decide whether to return the root that was passed in or the
                    // top view found in xml.
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        //返回xml里解析的root view
                        result = temp;
                    }
                }

            } catch (XmlPullParserException e) {
                InflateException ex = new InflateException(e.getMessage());
                ex.initCause(e);
                throw ex;
            } catch (IOException e) {
                InflateException ex = new InflateException(
                        parser.getPositionDescription()
                        + ": " + e.getMessage());
                ex.initCause(e);
                throw ex;
            } finally {
                // Don't retain static reference on context.
                mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
                mConstructorArgs[1] = null;
            }

            Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
            //返回参数root或xml文件里的root view
            return result;
        }
    }

给个个人总结就是上面代码就是通过判断Root 和AttachToRoot两个参数,当

inflate(xmlId, null); 只创建temp的View,就是只创建XML根节点的View,然后直接返回temp,但是由于不知道这个根节点View的容器ViewGroup是什么类型,所以这个根节点的Layout_....等的属性将被抛弃掉,即设置无效。

inflate(xmlId,root); 创建temp的View,然后执行root.addView(temp, params);最后返回root。这里的params是根据root类型生成的,别人说(类型为root.layoutparams这个参数不属于temp,它是root的一个内部类对象,不是很理解)但我觉得这样更好理解temp具有这个属性,但是类型不确定,即每一个view都有一个属性为viewgroup.layoutparams(虽说不科学)

inflate(xmlId, root, false); 创建temp的View,然后执行temp.setLayoutParams(params);然后再返回temp。根具root确定好params类型后,setLayoutParams(params)设置上面说的View的ViewGroup.LayoutParams属性,这样就可以把Layout_...等XML属性传给以后要添加的容器ViewGroup.

inflate(xmlId, parent, true); 创建temp的View,然后执行root.addView(temp, params);最后返回root。

inflate(xmlId, null, false); 只创建temp的View,然后直接返回temp。

inflate(xmlId, null, true); 只创建temp的View,然后直接返回temp。

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