Shortest path of the king

原创 2015年07月09日 22:12:37
                                                                                                                A. Shortest path of the king
                                                                                                                      time limit per test
                                                                                                                            1 second
                                                                                                                   memory limit per test
                                                                                                                        64 megabytes
                                                                                                                               input
                                                                                                                        standard input
                                                                                                                              output
                                                                                                                        standard output

The king is left alone on the chessboard. In spite of this loneliness, he doesn't lose heart, because he has business of national importance. For example, he has to pay an official visit to square t. As the king is not in habit of wasting his time, he wants to get from his current position s to square t in the least number of moves. Help him to do this.

In one move the king can get to the square that has a common side or a common vertex with the square the king is currently in (generally there are 8 different squares he can move to).

Input

The first line contains the chessboard coordinates of square s, the second line — of square t.

Chessboard coordinates consist of two characters, the first one is a lowercase Latin letter (from a to h), the second one is a digit from 1 to 8.

Output

In the first line print n — minimum number of the king's moves. Then in n lines print the moves themselves. Each move is described with one of the 8: L, R, U, D, LU, LD, RU or RD.

L, R, U, D stand respectively for moves left, right, up and down (according to the picture), and 2-letter combinations stand for diagonal moves. If the answer is not unique, print any of them.

Sample test(s)
Input
a8
h1
Output
7
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
  本题的第一个输出的是步数,取决于字母之间的差值以及数值之间的差的最大值,之后在输出方向即可,水题。(大一学生,代码不会有很多不足)
  (原题链接)http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/3/A         
#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
using namespace std;
int main()
{   char a,b;
    int num1,num2;
    while(scanf("%c%d",&b,&num2)!=-1){
      getchar();
      scanf("%c%d",&a,&num1);
      getchar();
       int min1=0,min2=0,min3=0,min4=0;
       min3=min1=(a-b);
       int max=0;
        if(min1<0) {min3=-1*min1;}  //由于输出须取正值,所以要判断差值的正负
       min4=min2=(num1-num2);
       if(min2<0) {min4=-1*min2;}   //同上
      if(min3>=min4) max=min3;
       else max=min4;
       cout<<max<<endl;
       for(int i=0;i<max;i++){
             if(min1>0) {if(min2==0) {cout<<"R"<<endl;  min1--;} else {cout<<"R";  min1--;}}
             if(min1<0) {if(min2==0) {cout<<"L"<<endl;  min1++;} else {cout<<"L";  min1++;}}
             if(min2>0) {cout<<"U"<<endl;  min2--;}
             if(min2<0) {cout<<"D"<<endl;  min2++;}
       }
    }
    return 0;
}


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