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A. Shortest path of the king
time limit per test
1 second
memory limit per test
64 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output
The king is left alone on the chessboard. In spite of this loneliness, he doesn’t lose heart, because he has business of national importance. For example, he has to pay an official visit to squaret. As the king is not in habit of wasting his time, he wants to get from his current positions to square t in the least number of moves. Help him to do this.

In one move the king can get to the square that has a common side or a common vertex with the square the king is currently in (generally there are 8 different squares he can move to).
Input
The first line contains the chessboard coordinates of square s, the second line — of square t.
Chessboard coordinates consist of two characters, the first one is a lowercase Latin letter (froma to h), the second one is a digit from1 to 8.
Output
In the first line print n — minimum number of the king’s moves. Then inn lines print the moves themselves. Each move is described with one of the 8:L, R,U, D,LU, LD,RU or RD.
L, R,U, D stand respectively for moves left, right, up and down (according to the picture), and 2-letter combinations stand for diagonal moves. If the answer is not unique, print any of them.
Sample test(s)
Input
a8
h1
Output
7
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
本题的第一个输出的是步数,取决于字母之间的差值以及数值之间的差的最大值,之后在输出方向即可,水题。(大一学生,代码不会有很多不足)
(原题链接)http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/3/A

#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
using namespace std;
int main()
{   char a,b;
    int num1,num2;
    while(scanf("%c%d",&b,&num2)!=-1){
      getchar();
      scanf("%c%d",&a,&num1);
      getchar();
       int min1=0,min2=0,min3=0,min4=0;
       min3=min1=(a-b);
       int max=0;
        if(min1<0) {min3=-1*min1;}
       min4=min2=(num1-num2);
       if(min2<0) {min4=-1*min2;}
      if(min3>=min4) max=min3;
       else max=min4;
       cout<<max<<endl;
       for(int i=0;i<max;i++){
             if(min1>0) {if(min2==0) {cout<<"R"<<endl;  min1--;} else {cout<<"R";  min1--;}}
             if(min1<0) {if(min2==0) {cout<<"L"<<endl;  min1++;} else {cout<<"L";  min1++;}}
             if(min2>0) {cout<<"U"<<endl;  min2--;}
             if(min2<0) {cout<<"D"<<endl;  min2++;}
       }
    }
    return 0;
}

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