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Android中的网络时间同步

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在 Android的系统设置中,有自动同步网络时间的选项。因为Broncho A1移植到froyo版本之后,我们发现时间同步选项无效了。所以我花了一点时间去研究 Android的网络时间同步的流程。研究的结果让我感到惊讶,Android的网络时间同步居然与SNTP协议无关,甚至与TCP/IP协议也毫无关系。

从设置的应用程序中可以了解到,自动同步网络时间的选项只是修改了Settings.System.AUTO_TIME这个设置:

private void setAutoState(boolean isEnabled, boolean autotimeStatus) { if (isEnabled == false) { mAutoPref.setChecked(autotimeStatus); mAutoPref.setEnabled(isEnabled); } else { Settings.System.putInt(getContentResolver(), Settings.System.AUTO_TIME, autotimeStatus ? 1 : 0); } mTimePref.setEnabled(!autotimeStatus); mDatePref.setEnabled(!autotimeStatus); mTimeZone.setEnabled(!autotimeStatus); }

谁会用这个设置呢?然后从代码中查找Settings.System.AUTO_TIME,主要有下面两处:

telephony/java/com/android/internal/telephony/gsm/GsmServiceStateTracker.java telephony/java/com/android/internal/telephony/cdma/CdmaServiceStateTracker.java

GSM和CDMA的实现应该是类似的,这里只是看看GSM: 1. reference-ril/reference-ril.c处理主动上报消息。

if (strStartsWith(s, "%CTZV:")) { /* TI specific -- NITZ time */ char *response; line = p = strdup(s); at_tok_start(&p); err = at_tok_nextstr(&p, &response); free(line); if (err != 0) { LOGE("invalid NITZ line %s/n", s); } else { RIL_onUnsolicitedResponse ( RIL_UNSOL_NITZ_TIME_RECEIVED, response, strlen(response)); } } 这里是处理模组主动上报的消息,如果是时间和时区消息,则调用RIL_onUnsolicitedResponse。 2.	RIL_onUnsolicitedResponse会把消息发送给RIL的客户端。
ret = sendResponse(p, client_id);
时间和时区信息的格式在RIL_UNSOL_NITZ_TIME_RECEIVED消息的定义处有说明: "data" is const char * pointing to NITZ time string in the form "yy/mm/dd,hh:mm:ss(+/-)tz,dt" 3. RIL客户端处理RIL_UNSOL_NITZ_TIME_RECEIVED消息(telephony/java/com/android/internal/telephony/RIL.java: processUnsolicited)
case RIL_UNSOL_NITZ_TIME_RECEIVED: if (RILJ_LOGD) unsljLogRet(response, ret); // has bonus long containing milliseconds since boot that the NITZ // time was received long nitzReceiveTime = p.readLong(); Object[] result = new Object[2]; result[0] = ret; result[1] = Long.valueOf(nitzReceiveTime); if (mNITZTimeRegistrant != null) { mNITZTimeRegistrant .notifyRegistrant(new AsyncResult (null, result, null)); } else { // in case NITZ time registrant isnt registered yet mLastNITZTimeInfo = result; }
是GsmServiceStateTracker向RIL注册的,所以事件会由GsmServiceStateTracker来处理。 4. GsmServiceStateTracker 处理EVENT_NITZ_TIME事件:
case EVENT_NITZ_TIME: ar = (AsyncResult) msg.obj; String nitzString = (String)((Object[])ar.result)[0]; long nitzReceiveTime = ((Long)((Object[])ar.result)[1]).longValue(); setTimeFromNITZString(nitzString, nitzReceiveTime); break;
这里nitzString是时间字符串,由setTimeFromNITZString负责解析。
private void setTimeFromNITZString (String nitz, long nitzReceiveTime) { String[] nitzSubs = nitz.split("[/:,+-]"); int year = 2000 + Integer.parseInt(nitzSubs[0]); c.set(Calendar.YEAR, year); // month is 0 based! int month = Integer.parseInt(nitzSubs[1]) - 1; c.set(Calendar.MONTH, month); int date = Integer.parseInt(nitzSubs[2]); c.set(Calendar.DATE, date); int hour = Integer.parseInt(nitzSubs[3]); c.set(Calendar.HOUR, hour); int minute = Integer.parseInt(nitzSubs[4]); c.set(Calendar.MINUTE, minute);
如果在系统设置中,用户选择了自动同步网络时间,才会去设置系统时间。
if (getAutoTime()) { setAndBroadcastNetworkSetTimeZone(zone.getID()); } if (getAutoTime()) { setAndBroadcastNetworkSetTime(c.getTimeInMillis()); }
关于NITZ在WIKI上有说明: NITZ, or Network Identity and Time Zone[1], is a mechanism for provisioning local time and date, as well as network provider identity information to mobile devices via a wireless network[2]. NITZ has been part of the official GSM standard since phase 2+ release 96[3]. NITZ is often used to automatically update the system clock of mobile phones. 由于NITZ的实现是可选的,如果运营商不支持它,Android手机就无法使用此功能了。此时用最好用SNTP来代替,否则用户会感到迷惑。但Android目前好像并没有这样做,我只找到两处地方调用SntpClient,但它们都没有去设置系统时间。

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整体描述:

android网络时间同步使用NITZ(Network identity and Time Zone)运营商可选服务。

由Ril层主动上报RIL_UNSOL_NITZ_TIME_RECEIVED消息;通知(notify)给CdmaServiceStateTracker和GsmServiceStateTracker;CdmaServiceStateTracker获得网络同步时间,根据DateTimeSetting中自动同步设置,决定是否同步和发送(ACTION_NETWORK_SET_TIMEZONE、ACTION_NETWORK_SET_TIME)广播。

 

其中

/** if time between NITZ updates is less than mNitzUpdateSpacing the update may be ignored. */

private static final int NITZ_UPDATE_SPACING_DEFAULT = 1000 * 60 * 10;
    private int mNitzUpdateSpacing = SystemProperties.getInt("ro.nitz_update_spacing",
            NITZ_UPDATE_SPACING_DEFAULT);

决定同步的时间间隔,如果网络主动上报间隔小于此时间间隔,则忽略该次消息

 

/** If mNitzUpdateSpacing hasn't been exceeded but update is > mNitzUpdate do the update */
    private static final int NITZ_UPDATE_DIFF_DEFAULT = 2000;
    private int mNitzUpdateDiff = SystemProperties.getInt("ro.nitz_update_diff",
            NITZ_UPDATE_DIFF_DEFAULT);

上报的NITZ同步时间与当前处理时间的默认间隔,如果实际间隔大于此间隔,则同步该次时间。

 

同步判断条件

if ((mSavedAtTime == 0) || (timeSinceLastUpdate > nitzUpdateSpacing)
                            || (Math.abs(gained) > nitzUpdateDiff)) {
                        Log.i(LOG_TAG, "NITZ: Auto updating time of day to " + c.getTime()
                                + " NITZ receive delay=" + millisSinceNitzReceived
                                + "ms gained=" + gained + "ms from " + nitz);

                        setAndBroadcastNetworkSetTime(c.getTimeInMillis());

} else {
                        Log.i(LOG_TAG, "NITZ: ignore, a previous update was "
                                + timeSinceLastUpdate + "ms ago and gained=" + gained + "ms");
                        return;
}

 

另,上层Setting App中,DateTimeSetting设置了AutoTime is True,则CdmaServiceStateTracker和GsmServiceStateTracker的监听,根据当前

if (mSavedTimeZone != null && mSavedTime != 0 && mSavedAtTime != 0) {
            setAndBroadcastNetworkSetTimeZone(mSavedTimeZone);
            setAndBroadcastNetworkSetTime(mSavedTime
                    + (SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() - mSavedAtTime));
}

广播时间和Time Zone


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