[Qt配置指南—1]Qt 5.4.2 Configure Options---Qt配置选项介绍

原创 2017年01月03日 13:15:35

如有错误,欢迎批评指正!!!


为了更好的在ARM平台上开发Qt程序,往往需要定制编译Qt开发套件,以满足需求与限制的平衡,在使用容量较小的ARM平台时这显得尤为重要,本文根据Qt5.4.2进行相关介绍。

详情参考http://doc.qt.io/qt-5/configure-options.html


下文信息翻译自qt-everywhere-opensource-src-5.4.2中configure帮助信息


Usage:  configure [options]

Installation options:

 These are optional, but you may specify install directories.

    -prefix <dir> ...... This will install everything relative to <dir>
                         (default /usr/local/Qt-5.4.2, $PWD if -developer-build is active)
                         指定安装目录,默认安装目录/usr/local/Qt-5.4.2

    -extprefix <dir> ... When -sysroot is used, install everything to <dir>,
                         rather than into SYSROOT/PREFIX.
                         当-sysroot被使用时,被安装进<dir>目录而不是SYSROOT/PREFIX
    
    -hostprefix [dir] .. Tools and libraries needed when developing
                         applications are installed in [dir]. If [dir] is
                         not given, the current build directory will be used.
                         (default EXTPREFIX)

 You may use these to separate different parts of the install:

    -bindir <dir> ......... User executables will be installed to <dir>,用户可执行文件安装目录
                            (default PREFIX/bin)
    -headerdir <dir> ...... Headers will be installed to <dir>,头文件安装目录
                            (default PREFIX/include)
    -libdir <dir> ......... Libraries will be installed to <dir>,库文件安装目录
                            (default PREFIX/lib)
    -archdatadir <dir> .... Arch-dependent data used by Qt will be installed to <dir>,Qt依赖的体系结构数据目录
                            (default PREFIX)
    -plugindir <dir> ...... Plugins will be installed to <dir>,Plugin安装目录
                            (default ARCHDATADIR/plugins)
    -libexecdir <dir> ..... Program executables will be installed to <dir>,程序可执行文件安装目录
                            (default ARCHDATADIR/libexec, ARCHDATADIR/bin for MinGW)
    -importdir <dir> ...... Imports for QML1 will be installed to <dir>,QML1安装目录
                            (default ARCHDATADIR/imports)
    -qmldir <dir> ......... Imports for QML2 will be installed to <dir>,QML2安装目录
                            (default ARCHDATADIR/qml)
    -datadir <dir> ........ Arch-independent data used by Qt will be installed to <dir>,不依赖于体系结构数据目录
                            (default PREFIX)
    -docdir <dir> ......... Documentation will be installed to <dir>,文档安装目录
                            (default DATADIR/doc)
    -translationdir <dir> . Translations of Qt programs will be installed to <dir>,Qt程序的translation安装目录
                            (default DATADIR/translations)
    -sysconfdir <dir> ..... Settings used by Qt programs will be looked for in <dir>, Qt程序设置查找目录
                            (default PREFIX/etc/xdg)
    -examplesdir <dir> .... Examples will be installed to <dir>, 例程安装目录
                            (default PREFIX/examples)
    -testsdir <dir> ....... Tests will be installed to <dir>, 测试用例安装目录
                            (default PREFIX/tests)

    -hostbindir <dir> .. Host executables will be installed to <dir>,主机端程序安装目录
                         (default HOSTPREFIX/bin)
    -hostlibdir <dir> .. Host libraries will be installed to <dir>,主机端库文件安装目录
                         (default HOSTPREFIX/lib)
    -hostdatadir <dir> . Data used by qmake will be installed to <dir>,qmake使用数据目录
                         (default HOSTPREFIX)

Configure options:

 The defaults (*) are usually acceptable. A plus (+) denotes a default value
 that needs to be evaluated. If the evaluation succeeds, the feature is
 included. Here is a short explanation of each option:
 默认(*)表示可接受选项,(+)表示该选项需要被评估,如果评估成功,则该特性可以被包括。
 
 *  -release ........... Compile and link Qt with debugging turned off.
    -debug ............. Compile and link Qt with debugging turned on.
    -debug-and-release . Compile and link two versions of Qt, with and without
                         debugging turned on (Mac only).
    编译的版本,根据需求改变。

    -force-debug-info .. Create symbol files for release builds.强制为release构建输出调试信息

    -developer-build ... Compile and link Qt with Qt developer options (including auto-tests exporting).Qt开发者编译和链接选项(包括自动测试/输出)

    -opensource ........ Compile and link the Open-Source Edition of Qt.编译和链接Qt开源版本
    -commercial ........ Compile and link the Commercial Edition of Qt.编译和链接的Qt商业版

    -confirm-license ... Automatically acknowledge the license (use with
                         either -opensource or -commercial),自动确认许可证(使用开源或是商业)

    -no-c++11 .......... Do not compile Qt with C++11 support enabled.
 +  -c++11 ............. Compile Qt with C++11 support enabled.

 *  -shared ............ Create and use shared Qt libraries.创建并使用Qt共享库
    -static ............ Create and use static Qt libraries.创建并使用QT静态库

    -no-largefile ...... Disables large file support.禁用大文件支持
 +  -largefile ......... Enables Qt to access files larger than 4 GB.启用QT访问大于4 GB的文件功能

    -no-accessibility .. Do not compile Accessibility support.
                         Disabling accessibility is not recommended, as it will break QStyle
                         and may break other internal parts of Qt.
                         With this switch you create a source incompatible version of Qt,
                         which is unsupported.
 +  -accessibility ..... Compile Accessibility support.

    -no-sql-<driver> ... Disable SQL <driver> entirely.完全禁用SQL <driver>
    -qt-sql-<driver> ... Enable a SQL <driver> in the Qt SQL module, by default
                         none are turned on.在 Qt SQL 模块启用SQL <driver>,默认是不启用的
    -plugin-sql-<driver> Enable SQL <driver> as a plugin to be linked to
                         at run time.启用SQL <driver\>作为一个插件在运行时链接

                         Possible values for <driver>:
                         [ db2 ibase mysql oci odbc psql sqlite sqlite2 tds ]

    -system-sqlite ..... Use sqlite from the operating system.利用操作系统SQLite

    -no-qml-debug ...... Do not build the in-process QML debugging support.不构建在QML调试支持
 +  -qml-debug ......... Build the QML debugging support.构建QML调试支持

    -platform target ... The operating system and compiler you are building
                         on (default detected from host system).
                         构建的目标操作系统和编译器(默认检测主机系统)
                         See the README file for a list of supported
                         operating systems and compilers.

    -no-sse2 ........... Do not compile with use of SSE2 instructions.编译不要使用SSE2指令
    -no-sse3 ........... Do not compile with use of SSE3 instructions.编译不要使用SSE3指令
    -no-ssse3 .......... Do not compile with use of SSSE3 instructions.编译不要使用SSSE3指令
    -no-sse4.1 ......... Do not compile with use of SSE4.1 instructions.编译不要使用SSE4.1指令
    -no-sse4.2 ......... Do not compile with use of SSE4.2 instructions.编译不要使用SSE4.2指令
    -no-avx ............ Do not compile with use of AVX instructions.编译不要使用AVX指令
    -no-avx2 ........... Do not compile with use of AVX2 instructions.编译不要使用AVX2指令
    -no-mips_dsp ....... Do not compile with use of MIPS DSP instructions.编译不要使用MIPS DSP指令
    -no-mips_dspr2 ..... Do not compile with use of MIPS DSP rev2 instructions.编译不要使用MIPS DSP Rev2指令

    -qtnamespace <name>  Wraps all Qt library code in 'namespace <name> {...}'.把所有的Qt库代码放在名字空间中
    -qtlibinfix <infix>  Renames all libQt*.so to libQt*<infix>.so.重命名库

    -testcocoon ........ Instrument Qt with the TestCocoon code coverage tool.
    -gcov .............. Instrument Qt with the GCov code coverage tool.

    -D <string> ........ Add an explicit define to the preprocessor.显式的添加一个宏定义到预处理器
    -I <string> ........ Add an explicit include path.显式的添加一个包含路径
    -L <string> ........ Add an explicit library path.显式添加一个库路径

 +  -pkg-config ........ Use pkg-config to detect include and library paths. By default,
                         configure determines whether to use pkg-config or not with
                         some heuristics such as checking the environment variables.
                         使用pkg-config检测包括库路径。默认情况下,配置决定是否使用pkg-config或不具有启发式如检查环境变量。

   -no-pkg-config ..... Disable use of pkg-config.禁用pkg-config支持
    -force-pkg-config .. Force usage of pkg-config (skips pkg-config usability
                         detection heuristic).强制使用pkg-config

    -help, -h .......... Display this information.显示帮助信息.

Third Party Libraries:

    -qt-zlib ........... Use the zlib bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-zlib ....... Use zlib from the operating system.
                         See http://www.gzip.org/zlib

    -no-mtdev .........  Do not compile mtdev support.
 +  -mtdev ............. Enable mtdev support.mtdev包含了应用程序对多点触摸协议的支持

 +  -no-journald ....... Do not send logging output to journald.
    -journald .......... Send logging output to journald.日志输出到journald

    -no-gif ............ Do not compile GIF reading support.

    -no-libpng ......... Do not compile PNG support.
    -qt-libpng ......... Use the libpng bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-libpng ..... Use libpng from the operating system.
                         See http://www.libpng.org/pub/png

    -no-libjpeg ........ Do not compile JPEG support.
    -qt-libjpeg ........ Use the libjpeg bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-libjpeg .... Use libjpeg from the operating system.
                         See http://www.ijg.org

    -no-freetype ....... Do not compile in Freetype2 support.
    -qt-freetype ....... Use the libfreetype bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-freetype.... Use the libfreetype provided by the system (enabled if -fontconfig is active).
                         See http://www.freetype.org

    -no-harfbuzz ....... Do not compile HarfBuzz-NG support.
 *  -qt-harfbuzz ....... Use HarfBuzz-NG bundled with Qt to do text shaping.
                         It can still be disabled by setting
                         the QT_HARFBUZZ environment variable to "old".
    -system-harfbuzz ... Use HarfBuzz-NG from the operating system
                         to do text shaping. It can still be disabled
                         by setting the QT_HARFBUZZ environment variable to "old".
                         See http://www.harfbuzz.org

    -no-openssl ........ Do not compile support for OpenSSL.
 +  -openssl ........... Enable run-time OpenSSL support.
    -openssl-linked .... Enabled linked OpenSSL support.

    -qt-pcre ........... Use the PCRE library bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-pcre ....... Use the PCRE library from the operating system.

    -qt-xcb ............ Use xcb- libraries bundled with Qt.
                         (libxcb.so will still be used from operating system).
 +  -system-xcb ........ Use xcb- libraries from the operating system.

    -xkb-config-root ... Set default XKB config root. This option is used only together with -qt-xkbcommon.
    -qt-xkbcommon ...... Use the xkbcommon library bundled with Qt.
 +  -system-xkbcommon .. Use the xkbcommon library from the operating system.

    -no-xinput2 ........ Do not compile XInput2 support.
 *  -xinput2 ........... Compile XInput2 support.

    -no-xcb-xlib........ Do not compile Xcb-Xlib support.
 *  -xcb-xlib........... Compile Xcb-Xlib support.

    -no-glib ........... Do not compile Glib support.
 +  -glib .............. Compile Glib support.

    -no-pulseaudio ..... Do not compile PulseAudio support.
 +  -pulseaudio ........ Compile PulseAudio support.

    -no-alsa ........... Do not compile ALSA support.
 +  -alsa .............. Compile ALSA support.

    -no-gtkstyle ....... Do not compile GTK theme support.
 +  -gtkstyle .......... Compile GTK theme support.

Additional options:

    -make <part> ....... Add part to the list of parts to be built at make time.
                         (defaults to: libs tools examples)在make时添加要构建的组件
    -nomake <part> ..... Exclude part from the list of parts to be built.在构建时排除组件

    -skip <module> ..... Exclude an entire module from the build.排除整个模块的建立

    -no-compile-examples ... Install only the sources of examples.仅安装examples的源码,不要编译它

    -no-gui ............ Don't build the Qt GUI module and dependencies.不要构建Qt GUI模块和依赖
 +  -gui ............... Build the Qt GUI module and dependencies.构建Qt GUI 模块和依赖

    -no-widgets ........ Don't build the Qt Widgets module and dependencies.不要构建Qt Widgets 模块和依赖
 +  -widgets ........... Build the Qt Widgets module and dependencies.构建 Qt Widgets模块和依赖

    -R <string> ........ Add an explicit runtime library path to the Qt
                         libraries.显式添加一个运行时库的路径去构建Qt libraries
    -l <string> ........ Add an explicit library.显式添加一个library

    -no-rpath .......... Do not use the library install path as a runtime
                         library path.不使用库安装路径作为一个运行时库路径
 +  -rpath ............. Link Qt libraries and executables using the library
                         install path as a runtime library path. Equivalent
                         to -R install_libpath
                         链接 Qt 库和可执行文件使用库安装路径作为运行时库路径。相当于-R install_libpath

   -continue .......... Continue as far as possible if an error occurs.如果发生错误,尽量继续

    -verbose, -v ....... Print verbose information about each step of the
                         configure process.打印每个步骤的配置过程的详细的信息

    -silent ............ Reduce the build output so that warnings and errors
                         can be seen more easily.减少生成输出,这样可以更容易看到警告和错误

 *  -no-optimized-qmake ... Do not build qmake optimized.
    -optimized-qmake ...... Build qmake optimized.

    -no-nis ............ Do not compile NIS support.
 *  -nis ............... Compile NIS support.

    -no-cups ........... Do not compile CUPS support.
 *  -cups .............. Compile CUPS support.
                         Requires cups/cups.h and libcups.so.2.

    -no-iconv .......... Do not compile support for iconv(3).
 *  -iconv ............. Compile support for iconv(3).

    -no-evdev .......... Do not compile support for evdev.
 *  -evdev ............. Compile support for evdev.

    -no-icu ............ Do not compile support for ICU libraries.
 +  -icu ............... Compile support for ICU libraries.

    -no-fontconfig ..... Do not compile FontConfig support.
 +  -fontconfig ........ Compile FontConfig support.

    -no-strip .......... Do not strip binaries and libraries of unneeded symbols.
 *  -strip ............. Strip binaries and libraries of unneeded symbols when installing.
                         不对二进制文件和库的使用strip去除不需要的符号.

 *  -no-pch ............ Do not use precompiled header support.不使用预编译的头支持
    -pch ............... Use precompiled header support.使用预编译的头支持

    -no-dbus ........... Do not compile the Qt D-Bus module.不要编译Qt D-Bus 模块
 +  -dbus .............. Compile the Qt D-Bus module and dynamically load libdbus-1.
    -dbus-linked ....... Compile the Qt D-Bus module and link to libdbus-1.编译Qt D-Bus模块并链接到libdbus-1

    -reduce-relocations ..... Reduce relocations in the libraries through extra
                              linker optimizations (Qt/X11 and Qt for Embedded Linux only;
                              experimental; needs GNU ld >= 2.18).减少通过额外的链接器优化库的重加载 
 (仅qt/X11 和Qt/linux嵌入式 ;实验性的;需要 GNU ld > = 2.18)

    -no-use-gold-linker ..... Do not link using the GNU gold linker.不要使用GNU gold linker进行链接
 +  -use-gold-linker ........ Link using the GNU gold linker if available.使用GNU gold linker进行链接

    -force-asserts ........ Force Q_ASSERT to be enabled even in release builds.强制启用Q_ASSERT,即使在release构建中

    -device <name> ............... Cross-compile for device <name> (experimental),跨平台编译
    -device-option <key=value> ... Add device specific options for the device mkspec
                                   (experimental),添加device mkspec的device选项

 *  -no-separate-debug-info . Do not store debug information in a separate file.不将调试信息到一个单独的文件
    -separate-debug-info .... Strip debug information into a separate file.将调试信息到一个单独的文件

    -no-xcb ............ Do not compile Xcb (X protocol C-language Binding) support.不要编译Xcb (X protocol C-language Binding) 支持
 *  -xcb ............... Compile Xcb support.编译 Xcb 支持

    -no-eglfs .......... Do not compile EGLFS (EGL Full Screen/Single Surface) support.不要编译EGLFS (EGL Full Screen/Single Surface) 支持
 *  -eglfs ............. Compile EGLFS support.编译 EGLFS 支持

    -no-directfb ....... Do not compile DirectFB support.不要编译 DirectFB 支持
 *  -directfb .......... Compile DirectFB support.编译 DirectFB 支持

    -no-linuxfb ........ Do not compile Linux Framebuffer support.不要编译Linux Framebuffer 支持
 *  -linuxfb ........... Compile Linux Framebuffer support.编译Linux Framebuffer 支持

    -no-kms ............ Do not compile KMS support.不要编译KMS支持
 *  -kms ............... Compile KMS support (Requires EGL).编译KMS

    -qpa <name> ......... Sets the default QPA platform (e.g xcb, cocoa, windows).设置默认的QPA 平台 (示例 xcb, cocoa, windows)

    -xplatform target ... The target platform when cross-compiling.指定目标平台(在跨平台编译时)

    -sysroot <dir> ...... Sets <dir> as the target compiler's and qmake's sysroot and also sets pkg-config paths.
                          将<dir>设置为目标编译器和 qmake 的 sysroot ,并且也设置 pkg-confing路径

   -no-gcc-sysroot ..... When using -sysroot, it disables the passing of --sysroot to the compiler
                          当使用-sysroot时, 它禁用将–sysroot传递到编译器

    -no-feature-<feature> Do not compile in <feature>.在<feature>中的不编译
    -feature-<feature> .. Compile in <feature>. The available features
                          are described in src/corelib/global/qfeatures.txt
                          编译<feature>中的可用的功能介绍在src/corelib/global/qfeatures.txt

    -qconfig local ...... Use src/corelib/global/qconfig-local.h rather than the
                          default (full).

    -qreal [double|float] typedef qreal to the specified type. The default is double.
                          Note that changing this flag affects binary compatibility.
                          为qreal指定类型.默认值是double。请注意,更改此标志影响二进制兼容性

    -no-opengl .......... Do not support OpenGL.禁用OpenGL支持
    -opengl <api> ....... Enable OpenGL support
                          With no parameter, this will attempt to auto-detect
                          OpenGL ES 2.0 and higher, or regular desktop OpenGL.
                          Use es2 for <api> to override auto-detection.
                          启用 OpenGL 支持.不带参数时,这将会尝试自动检测的 OpenGL ES 2.0 和更高版本,或常规的桌面版OpenGL. 
                          使用 es2 的<api>将替代自动检测

 *  -no-system-proxies .. Do not use system network proxies by default.默认情况下,不使用系统网络代理
    -system-proxies ..... Use system network proxies by default.默认情况下,使用系统网络代理

    -no-warnings-are-errors Make warnings be treated normally,Make 时把warnings当做正常
    -warnings-are-errors  Make warnings be treated as errors
                          (enabled if -developer-build is active)
                           Make时把warnings 当做错误 (如果启用了-developer-build)

QNX/Blackberry options:

    -no-slog2 .......... Do not compile with slog2 support.
    -slog2 ............. Compile with slog2 support.

    -no-pps ............ Do not compile with pps support.
    -pps ............... Compile with pps support.

    -no-imf ............ Do not compile with imf support.
    -imf ............... Compile with imf support.

    -no-lgmon .......... Do not compile with lgmon support.
    -lgmon ............. Compile with lgmon support.

MacOS/iOS options:

    -Fstring ........... Add an explicit framework path.
    -fw string ......... Add an explicit framework.

 *  -framework ......... Build Qt as a series of frameworks and
                         link tools against those frameworks.
    -no-framework ...... Do not build Qt as a series of frameworks.

    -sdk <sdk> ......... Build Qt using Apple provided SDK <sdk>. The argument should be
                         one of the available SDKs as listed by 'xcodebuild -showsdks'.
                         Note that the argument applies only to Qt libraries and applications built
                         using the target mkspec - not host tools such as qmake, moc, rcc, etc.

Android options:

    -android-sdk path .............. The Android SDK root path.
                                     (default $ANDROID_SDK_ROOT)

    -android-ndk path .............. The Android NDK root path.
                                     (default $ANDROID_NDK_ROOT)

    -android-ndk-platform .......... Sets the android platform
                                     (default android-9)

    -android-ndk-host .............. Sets the android NDK host (linux-x86, linux-x86_64, etc.)
                                     (default $ANDROID_NDK_HOST)

    -android-arch .................. Sets the android architecture (armeabi, armeabi-v7a, x86, mips)
                                     (default armeabi-v7a)

    -android-toolchain-version ..... Sets the android toolchain version
                                     (default 4.8)

    -no-android-style-assets ....... Do not compile in the code which automatically extracts
                                     style assets from the run-time device. Setting this will
                                     make the Android style behave incorrectly, but will enable
                                     compatibility with the LGPL2.1 license.
 *  -android-style-assets .......... Compile the code which automatically extracts style assets
                                     from the run-time device. This option will make the
                                     Android platform plugin incompatible with the LGPL2.1.




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