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hbase 新旧API对比

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1.org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Put
    <1>取消了无参的构造方法
    <2>Put类不再继承Writable类     
        0.94.6时public class Put extends Mutation implements HeapSize, Writable, Comparable<Row>
        0.96.0时public class Put extends Mutation implements HeapSize, Comparable<Row>
解决方法:
        由public class MonthUserLoginTimeIndexReducer extends Reducer<BytesWritable,MonthUserLoginTimeIndexWritable, ImmutableBytesWritable, Writable> {
改public class MonthUserLoginTimeIndexReducer extends Reducer<BytesWritable,MonthUserLoginTimeIndexWritable, ImmutableBytesWritable, Put> {

2.org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Mutation.familyMap
     org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Mutation.familyMap类型改变:
     /**
     * 0.94.6
     * protected Map<byte[],List<KeyValue>> familyMap
     * 
     * 0.96.*
     * protected NavigableMap<byte[],List<Cell>> familyMap
     * org.apache.hadoop.hbase.Cell hbase-0.94.*中是没有的
     */    

     org.apache.hadoop.hbase.KeyValue的改变:
     /**
     * 0.94.*
     * public class KeyValue extends Object implements Writable, HeapSize
     * 
     * 0.96.0
     * public class KeyValue extends Object implements Cell, HeapSize, Cloneable
     */
     解决方法:将代码中的List<KeyValue>改成List<Cell>

3. org.apache.hadoop.hbase.KeyValue
     0.96.0中方法getFamily已被弃用(Deprecated),改成方法getFamilyArray() 

4.org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor   
     类org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor的构造方法public HTableDescriptor(String name)已被弃用(Deprecated)
     解决方法:使用public HTableDescriptor(TableName name)
     旧:HTableDescriptor tableDesc = new HTableDescriptor(tableName);
     新:HTableDescriptor tableDesc = new HTableDescriptor(TableName.valueOf(tableName));

5.org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTablePool
     类org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTablePool整个被弃用(Deprecated)
     解决方法:使用HConnection.getTable(String)代替,HConnection是个接口,类CoprocessorHConnection是它唯一的实现类:
     HRegionServer hRegionServer = new HRegionServer(conf) ;
     HConnection connection = HConnectionManager.createConnection(conf);
     hConnection = new CoprocessorHConnection(connection,hRegionServer);

6.org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Result
     方法public KeyValue[] raw()被弃用(Deprecated),建议使用public Cell[] rawCells()
     方法getRow被弃用(Deprecated)
     方法getFamily被弃用(Deprecated)
     方法getQualifier被弃用(Deprecated)
     方法getValue被弃用(Deprecated)
     方法public List<KeyValue> getColumn(byte[] family,byte[] qualifier)被弃用(Deprecated)
     方法public KeyValue getColumnLatest(byte[] family,byte[] qualifier)被弃用(Deprecated)
     Cell中:改成以下方法
     getRowArray()
     getFamilyArray()
     getQualifierArray()
     getValueArray()
     Result中:增加如下方法
     public List<KeyValue> getColumnCells(byte[] family,byte[] qualifier)
     public KeyValue getColumnLatestCell(byte[] family,byte[] qualifier)
     改动:所有ipeijian_data中凡是和【新增用户活跃用户流失用户】相关的都做如下变化:
     旧代码:if (value.raw().length == 1
     新代码:if (value.rawCells().length == 1

7.job中设置TableInputFormat.SCAN
     0.96.0中去掉了方法:public void write(DataOutput out)throws IOException
     之前版本使用conf.set(TableInputFormat.SCAN, StatUtils.convertScanToString(scan));进行设置
     StatUtils.convertScanToString的具体实现为:
     public static String convertScanToString(Scan scan) throws IOException {
            ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            DataOutputStream dos = new DataOutputStream(out);
            scan.write(dos);
            return Base64.encodeBytes(out.toByteArray());
     }
     该方法的实现与TableMapReduceUtil.convertScanToString(Scan scan)是一样的。
     但是当hbase升级到了0.96.*是对于类Scan弃用(不仅仅是Deprecated,而是Deleted)了方法write,所以上面
     的实现变为不正确
     hbase0.96.*中对该方法进行了重新的实现:
     public static String convertScanToString(Scan scan) throws IOException {
            ClientProtos.Scan proto = ProtobufUtil.toScan(scan);
            return Base64.encodeBytes(proto.toByteArray());
     }
     所以做如下更改:
     StatUtils类中方法convertScanToString的实现做如上更改以适配hbase0.96.* 

8.cn.m15.ipj.db.hbase.MyPut
    自定义的Put类,比传统的Put类多一个length,原版和新版代码比较:
    原版:(红色字体为API变为新版时报错的地方)

public class MyPut extends Put {
     public MyPut(byte[] row, int length) {                                    
     //原因是put的无参构造方法已经在新本中消失
          if (row == null || length > HConstants.MAX_ROW_LENGTH) {
               throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Row key is invalid”);
          }
          this.row = Arrays.copyOf(row, length);
          this.ts = HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP;
     }    
     public MyPut add(byte[] family, byte[] qualifier, long ts, byte[] value,int length) {
          List<KeyValue> list = getKeyValueList(family);
          KeyValue kv = createPutKeyValue(family, qualifier, ts, value, length);
          list.add(kv);
          familyMap.put(kv.getFamily(), list);                                   
          //familyMap的类型已经改变
          return this;
      }
     private List<KeyValue> getKeyValueList(byte[] family) {
          List<KeyValue> list = familyMap.get(family);                     
          //familyMap的类型已经改变
          if (list == null) {
               list = new ArrayList<KeyValue>(0);
          }
          return list;
     }
     private KeyValue createPutKeyValue(byte[] family, byte[] qualifier,long ts, byte[] value, int length) {
          return new KeyValue(this.row, 0, this.row.length, family, 0,
          family.length, qualifier, 0, qualifier.length, ts,
          KeyValue.Type.Put, value, 0, length);
     }
}

更改之后:

public MyPut(byte[] row, int length) {
     super(row,length);                                                                      
     //新增加
     if (row == null || length > HConstants.MAX_ROW_LENGTH) {
          throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Row key is invalid”);
     }
     this.row = Arrays.copyOf(row, length);
     this.ts = HConstants.LATEST_TIMESTAMP;
     }
     public MyPut add(byte[] family, byte[] qualifier, long ts, byte[] value,int length) {
          List<Cell> list = getCellsList(family);
          KeyValue kv = createPutKeyValue(family, qualifier, ts, value, length);
          list.add(kv);
          familyMap.put(CellUtil.cloneFamily(kv), list);
          return this;
     }    
     private List<Cell> getCellsList(byte[] family) {
          List<Cell> list = familyMap.get(family);
          if (list == null) {
              list = new ArrayList<Cell>(0);
          }
          return list;
     }
     private KeyValue createPutKeyValue(byte[] family, byte[] qualifier,long ts, byte[] value, int length) {
          return new KeyValue(this.row, 0, this.row.length, family, 0,family.length, qualifier, 0, qualifier.length, ts,
                    KeyValue.Type.Put, value, 0, length);
     }
}

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