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控制器之间的数据传递——代理传值

标签: 界面传值代理传值控制器传值控制器代理
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代理传值

我们先在这里约定:界面1传值到界面2为顺传,界面2传值到界面1为逆传

一般用代理传值是为了降低视图控制器之间的耦合度,主要用于逆序传值。

对于属性传值,传递方必须要有一个保存接收方的属性,而代理传值不需要知道接收方是谁,只要其代理遵守代理协议,就可以获取通过代理方法传出的数据模型

一. 实现步骤

  1. 界面2实现一个代理协议

  2. 界面2设置一个代理属性

  3. 界面2通知其代理做事情

  4. 界面2在入栈之前,设置界面1为其代理

  5. 界面1实现代理方法,实现传值

二. 具体代码

1. AppDelegate类

---------- AppDelegate.m文件

#import "AppDelegate.h"
#include "OneViewController.h"

@interface AppDelegate ()

@end

@implementation AppDelegate

- (BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {

  // 1. 创建窗口
  self.window = [[UIWindow alloc] initWithFrame:[UIScreen mainScreen].bounds];

  // 2. 创建窗口的根控制器
  // 2.1 创建导航控制器的根控制器
  UIViewController *oneVc = [[OneViewController alloc] init];
  // 2.2 创建导航控制器
  UINavigationController *nav = [[UINavigationController alloc] initWithRootViewController:oneVc];
  // 2.3 给窗口设置根控制器
  self.window.rootViewController = nav;

  // 3. 设置窗口为主窗口并显示窗口
  [self.window makeKeyAndVisible];

  // 隐藏导航控制器的导航条
  nav.navigationBarHidden = YES;

  return YES;
}

@end

2. OneViewController类

---------- OneViewController.m文件

#import "OneViewController.h"
#import "TwoViewController.h"

@interface OneViewController ()<TwoViewControllerDelegate>

@property (nonatomic,strong) UITextField *textField;

@end

@implementation OneViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
  [super viewDidLoad];

  //设置控制器View的背景颜色
  self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor greenColor];

  // 创建点击按钮
  UIButton *clickBtn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
  clickBtn.frame = CGRectMake(10, 100, 80, 40);
  clickBtn.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
  [clickBtn setTitle:@"到界面2" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  [clickBtn setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  [clickBtn setTitleColor:[UIColor redColor] forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
  [clickBtn addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
  [self.view addSubview:clickBtn];

  // 创建文本框
  _textField = [[UITextField alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10, 150, 250, 40)];
  _textField.borderStyle = UITextBorderStyleRoundedRect;
  _textField.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
  [self.view addSubview:_textField];

}

#pragma mark - 点击事件

- (void)btnClick {

  // 创建界面2,并压入栈
  TwoViewController *twoVc = [[TwoViewController alloc] init];
  [self.navigationController pushViewController:twoVc animated:YES];

  // 设置界面2的代理
  twoVc.delegate = self;

}

#pragma mark - 实现代理方法

- (void)twoViewController:(TwoViewController *)vc andString:(NSString *)str {
  _textField.text = str;
}

@end

3. TwoViewController类

---------- TwoViewController.h文件

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

#pragma mark - TwoViewController代理协议
@class TwoViewController;

@protocol TwoViewControllerDelegate <NSObject>

@optional
- (void)twoViewController:(TwoViewController *) vc andString:(NSString *)str;

@end

#pragma mark - TwoViewController控制器声明

@interface TwoViewController : UIViewController

// 代理
@property (nonatomic,weak) id<TwoViewControllerDelegate> delegate;

@end

---------- TwoViewController.m文件

#import "TwoViewController.h"

@interface TwoViewController ()

@property (nonatomic,strong) UITextField *textField;

@end

@implementation TwoViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];

  //设置控制器View的背景颜色
  self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor yellowColor];

  // 创建点击按钮
  UIButton *clickBtn = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
  clickBtn.frame = CGRectMake(10, 100, 80, 40);
  clickBtn.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
  [clickBtn setTitle:@"传 值" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  [clickBtn setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  [clickBtn setTitleColor:[UIColor redColor] forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
  [clickBtn addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
  [self.view addSubview:clickBtn];

  // 创建文本框
  _textField = [[UITextField alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(10, 150, 250, 40)];
  _textField.borderStyle = UITextBorderStyleRoundedRect;
  _textField.backgroundColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
  [self.view addSubview:_textField];
}

#pragma mark - 点击事件

- (void)btnClick {

  // 通知代理做事情
  if ([_delegate respondsToSelector:@selector(twoViewController:andString:)]) {
    [_delegate twoViewController:self andString:_textField.text];
  }

  // 跳转界面
  [self.navigationController popViewControllerAnimated:YES];

}

@end
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