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java 多线程详解一 多线程的简单使用

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1.线程的三种启动方式:
(1) 通过创建匿名内部类:

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName());
            }
        }).start();
    }
Thread-0

Process finished with exit code 0

(2) 通过实现Runnable接口:

public class ThreadTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Thread thread1=new Thread(new ThreadByRunnable());
        Thread thread2=new Thread(new ThreadByRunnable());
        Thread thread3=new Thread(new ThreadByRunnable());
        Thread thread4=new Thread(new ThreadByRunnable());
        thread1.start();
        thread2.start();
        thread3.start();
        thread4.start();
    }
}

class ThreadByRunnable implements Runnable {

    @Override
    public void run() {
        System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName());
    }
}
Thread-0
Thread-1
Thread-2
Thread-3

Process finished with exit code 0

(3) 通过继承Thread类:

public class ThreadTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        ThreadByExtends thread1=new ThreadByExtends();
        ThreadByExtends thread2=new ThreadByExtends();
        ThreadByExtends thread3=new ThreadByExtends();
        ThreadByExtends thread4=new ThreadByExtends();
        thread1.start();
        thread2.start();
        thread3.start();
        thread4.start();
    }
}


class ThreadByExtends extends Thread{
    @Override
    public void run() {
        super.run();
        System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName());
    }
}
Thread-0
Thread-1
Thread-2
Thread-3

Process finished with exit code 0

2.实现Runnable接口的好处:

(1) 将线程的任务从线程的子类中分离出来,进行了单独的封装。
按照面向对象的思想将任务的封装成对象。

(2) 避免了java单继承的局限性。

所以,创建线程的第二种方式较为常用。

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