四级考试短语和搭配

转载 2005年04月26日 15:27:00

四级考试短语和搭配

1. 短语动词
be about to do
刚要,即将
be friends with
...友好
bear in mind
记住
bring into effect
实行;使生效
bring into operation
实施;使生效
can not help
禁不住,忍不住
carry into effect
施行;使生效
cast light on/upon
阐明,使了解
catch fire
着火,烧着
catch one's breath
喘气,松口气;屏息
catch one's eye
引人注目
catch sight of
看到,发现
come into effect
生效;实施
come into operation
施行,实行,生效
come to one's senses
醒悟;苏醒
come true
实现
could not help
禁不住,忍不住
cut short
中断,打断
do one's best
尽力,努力
enjoy oneself
过得快活
fall in love with

find fault(with)
找岔
gain an advantage over
胜过,优于
get hold of
得到,获得
get rid of
丢弃,摆脱,
get the best of
战胜
get the better of
战胜,占上风
get together
会面,装配
give rise to
引起,导致
give way
让路,让步
go ahead
开始,进行
go into effect
施行,实行,生效
go into operation
生效,实施
go wrong
出错,出故障
had better
应该
had rather
宁愿
had rather...than
宁愿...而不愿...
have an advantage over
胜过,优于
have in mind
想到;记得;打算
have nothing to do with
...毫无关系
have(something/much/little)t
o do with
...(有些/有很大/没有什么)关系
help oneself
自用,自取
keep an eye on
留意,照看
keep in mind
记住
keep one's head
保持镇静
keep one's word
守信用
keep pace(with) (
...)齐步前进
lead the way
引路,带路
learn by heart
记住,背诵
leave alone
不打扰,不干预
let alone
更别提,不打扰
let go (of)
,松手
lose heart
失去勇气,丧失信心
lose one's head
慌乱,仓皇失措
lose one's temper
发脾气,发努
lose sight of
忘记,忽略;看不见
make a /the difference
有影响,起作用
make friends
交朋友
make fun of
取笑,嘲弄
make one's way
,前往
make sense
讲得通,言之有理
make sure
查明;务必
make the best of
充分利用
make the most of
充分利用
make up one's mind
下决心,打定主意
make use of
使用,利用
make way
让路,让出地方
may as well
还不如,不妨
never mind
不要紧;不用担心
pay attention to
注意
piece together
拼合
play a part(in)
起作用,参于
put into effect
实施;使生效
put into operation
实施;使生效
put into practice
实施;实行
put to use
使用
see to it that
注意,务必,保证
see that
注意,务必,保证
set fire to
使燃烧,点燃
take...for
...认为是
take a chance
冒险,投机
take(a)delight in
...为乐
take advantage of
利用,...之机
take care
当心,注意
take care of
照顾,照料
take charge
管理,接管
take effect
生效,起作用
take into account
考虑
take for granted
认为...理所当然
take one's time
不着急,不着慌
take pains
努力,尽力,下苦功
take part (in)
参加,参于
take place
发生,进行,举行
take the place of
代替,取代
take turns
依次,轮流
to throw light on
阐明,使了解
think better of
经考虑改变对...的看法
try one's best
尽力,努力

2.
形容词同介词的搭配
absent from
不在,缺席
abundant in
富于
alien to
...相反
angry with sb at/about sth
生气,愤怒
anxious about/for
忧虑,担心
appropriate for/to
适当,合适
applicable to
适用于
apt at
聪明,善于
apt to
易于
ashamed of
羞愧,害臊
approximate to
近拟,接近
aware of
意识到
available to sb for sth
可用,可供
bare of
几乎没有,缺乏
bound for
开往...
capable of
能够
careful of/about/with;
小心,注意
certain of /about
确信,肯定
about/in doing characteristic of
特有,独特
clear of
没有,不接触
clever at
善于
close to
接近,亲近
comparable to/with
可比较
conscious of
察觉到,意识到
consequent on
随之而来
considerate towards
体谅,体贴
contemporary with
...同时代
content with
满足于
contrary to
违反
counter to
...相反
crazy about
热衷,着迷
critical of
挑剔,批评
curious about
好奇,想知道
distinct from
种类(风格)不同
doubtful of /about
怀疑
east of
...东面
equal to
相等,胜任
equivalent to
等于,相当于
essential to/for
必不可少
expert at/in/on
善于
faithful to
忠实于
familiar to sb
...所熟悉
familiar with sth
熟悉,通晓
fatal to
致命的
favourable to
支持,赞成
favourable for
有帮助的
fearful of
惧怕
fit for
适于
foreign to
...所原有
fond of
喜欢
free of /from
未受...;免费
free with
康慨,大方
guilty of
...罪的
hungry for
渴望
ignorant of
不知道
impatient at sth.
不耐烦
impatient of
无法容忍
with sb independent of
不受...支配
impatient for
急切,渴望
indifferent to
无兴趣,不关心
indignant with sb.
愤慨
inferior to
级别低于,不如
ab/about sth innocent of
...,无辜
intent on
专心于
invisible to
不可见的
jealous of
嫉妒
keep on
爱好,很喜欢
liable for
...有责任
liable to

loyal to
忠于
mad at/with sb.
生气,愤怒
mad with
...发狂
next to
下一个,其次
necessary to /for
必要的
opposite to
在对面
open to
不限制,开放的
particular about
挑剔,讲究
parallel to
...平等,类似
peculiar to
独特的,独有的
patient with
有耐心
prior to
...之前
popular with
...喜爱,爱戴
representative of
代表...
relative to
...有关
rich in
富于
responsible for
负责,...原因
sensitive to
...敏感
sensible of
觉查到
sick of
厌恶,厌倦
short of
缺少
skilled at /in
善于
similar to
相似
sufficient for
足够的
subject to
受制于,
superior to
优于,级别高于
suitable for/to
适合于
suspicious of
怀疑
sure of /about
...有信心,确信
typical of
是典型的,特有的
tired of
...不在感兴趣
vital to
...关系重大
uncertain of /about
不确知
mad about/on
狂热迷恋
void of
没有,缺乏

3.
名词同介词的搭配
absence from
缺席,不在
absence of
缺乏
access to ...
的入口,通路
acquaintance with
相识,了解
action on sth
...的作用
addition to sth
增加
admission to /into
进入,(,,)
admission of sth
承认
advance in
改进,进步
advantage over
优于...的有利条件
affection for/towards
,喜欢
answer to ...
的答案
anxiety for sth
渴望
apology to sb for sth
道歉
appeal to sb for sth
恳求,呼吁
appeal for
魅力,吸引力
appetite for
...的欲望
application
...应用于...
approach to
类似,办法,通道
of sth/to sth
argument
赞成/反对...的理由
arrangement for
...的安排
for /against attack on
...的进攻,评击
attempt at
尝试,企图
attention to
...的注意
attraction for
...的吸引力
balance between ...
之间的平衡
barrier to ...
的障碍
belief in
...的信仰,相信
candidate for
候选人,人选
check on
检查,阻止
claim for sth
要求
collision with sb/sth
碰撞,冲突
comment on /about
...的评论
between A and B
complaint of /about
报怨,控告
compromise between/on
折中,妥协
concentration on sth
专心,集中精力
concentration of sth
集中,聚集
concern about/for/over
担心
confidence in
...的信任,相信
connection between;
关系,连接
consent to sth
同意
with/to sth contact with sb/sth
接触,联系
contest for sth
争夺,竞争
contradiction between
矛盾,不一致
contrast to/with sth
对比,对照
contribution to
贡献,捐献,促成
between A and B conversation with sb
对话
conversion
转变,转换
about sth of sth into sth credit for sth
荣誉,赞扬
damage to sth
损坏
danger to sb/sth
危险
decision on/against
/不做...的决定
decrease in sth ...
的减少
defence against
防御,保卫
delegate to
参加...的代表
demand for
...的需求
departure from
离开
desire for sth
渴望
difference
不同,差异
difference
分歧
between...in...
between...over...
dispute about
争论,辩论
distinction between
区别
doubt about/as to
怀疑
effect on
...的作用
emphasis on
...的强调,注重
encounter with
遭遇,遇到
enthusiasm about/for
热情
entrance to ...
的入口,入场
envy of sb
嫉妒
exception to ...
的例外 of /at sth
exposure to sth
暴露
fancy for sth
喜爱
faith in
...的信任,信仰
glance at
扫视
gratitude to sb
感激
guess at sth
猜测
for sth hatred for/of
仇恨
hazard to
危险
hunger for
渴望
impact on/ upon
...的撞击,巨大影响
improvement on/in
...的改进,提高
increase in sth
增加,增长
independence from
独立,自主
influence on
...的影响
inquiry about
...的查询
inquiry into
...的调查
interaction with sth
相互作用
inference in/with
干涉,阻碍 between /among sth
introduction to
引言,介绍,入门
memorial to sth
引进()
invitation to
邀请
investment in sth
投资
loyalty to sb/sth
忠诚
memorial to sb/sth
纪念碑
obstacle to sth
纪念碑
objection to sth
反对
opponent of sth ...
的障碍
opponent at /in sth
对手
patience with
反对者
passion for
...的强烈爱好,热爱
precaution against
耐心
pity for sb/sth
可怜,怜悯
preference for sth
预防,防备
preface to ...
的前言
preparation for
偏爱
preference to sth
优先
proposal for sth
准备
prejudice against/
...的偏见,偏重
preparation for
建议
in favour of ...
protection for sb
保护
protest against sth
抗议
against sth provision for/against
准备
pull at/on sth
,
ratio of sth to sth
比率
reaction to
...的反应
reason for
原因,理由
reference to
提及,参考
regard for
...的注意,尊重
remedy for
补救,解决
reply to sb/sth
...的回答
reputation for
名声,名气
request for sth
要求
research on/into
...的研究,调查
resistance to
...的抵抗,阻力
response to
...的回答,反应
responsibility for
责任,负责
restraint on sb/sth
限制,约束
search for
...的搜寻
service to
服务,贡献
similarity between ...
的相似之处
skill at
技巧,熟练
solution to ...
的解决办法
sorrow at/for/over
悲哀,悲痛
stress on
...的强调
supplement to sth
补充,增刊
sympathy for
...的同情
sympathy with
...的赞同
taste for
...的爱好,喜爱
taste in
...的审美能力
tendency to sth
趋向,趋势
trust in
...的信赖,信任
wish for
欲望,愿望

4.
常用其它短语
a series of
一系列,一连串
above all
首先,尤其是
after all
毕竟,究竟
ahead of
...之前
ahead of time
提前
all at once
突然,同时
all but
几乎;除了...
all of a sudden
突然
all over
遍及
all over again
再一次,重新
all the time
一直,始终
all the same
仍然,照样的
as regards
关于,至于
anything but
根本不
as a matter of fact
实际上
apart from
...(/)
as a rule
通常,照例
as a result(of)
因此,由于
as far as ...be concerned
...而言
as far as
远至,...程度
as for
至于,关于
as follows
如下
as if
好像,仿怫
as good as
...几乎一样
as usual
像平常一样,照例
as to
至于,关于
all right
令人满意的;可以
as well
同样,,
as well as
...(),...
aside from
...(还有)
at a loss
茫然,不知所措
at a time
一次,每次
at all
丝毫(),一点也不
at all costs
不惜一切代价
at all events
不管怎样,无论如何
at all times
随时,总是
at any rate
无论如何,至少
at best
充其量,至多
at first
最初,起先
at first sight
乍一看,初看起来
at hand
在手边,在附近
at heart
内心里,本质上
at home
在家,在国内
at intervals
不时,每隔...
at large
大多数,未被捕获的
at least
至少
at last
终于
at length
最终,终于
at most
至多,不超过
at no time
从不,决不
by accident
偶然
at one time
曾经,一度;同时
at present
目前,现在
at sb's disposal
...处理
at the cost of
...为代价
at the mercy of
任凭...摆布
at the moment
此刻,目前
at this rate
照此速度
at times
有时,间或
back and forth
来回地,反复地
back of
...后面
before long
不久以后
beside point
离题的,不相干的
beyond question
毫无疑问
by air
通过航空途径
by all means
尽一切办法,务必
by and by
不久,迟早
by chance
偶然,碰巧
by far
,...得多
by hand
用手,用体力
by itself
自动地,独自地
by means of
,依靠
by mistake
错误地,无意地
by no means
决不,并没有
by oneself
单独地,独自地
by reason of
由于
by the way
顺便说说
by virtue of
借助,由于
by way of
经由,通过...方法
due to
由于,因为
each other
互相
even if/though
即使,虽然
ever so
非常,极其
every now and then
时而,偶尔
every other
每隔一个的
except for
除了...
face to face
面对面地
far from
远非,远离
for ever
永远
for good
永久地
for the better
好转
for the moment
暂时,目前
for the present
暂时,目前
for the sake of
为了,为了...的利益
for the time being
暂时,眼下
from time to time
有时,不时
hand in hand
手拉手 ,密切关联
head on
迎面地,正面的
heart and soul
全心全意地
how about ...
怎么样
in a hurry
匆忙,急于
in case of
假如,防备
in a moment
立刻,一会儿
in a sense
从某种意义上说
in a way
在某种程度上
in a word
简言之,总之
in accordance with
...一致,按照
in addition
另外,加之
in addition to
...之外()
in advance
预先,事先
in all
总共,合计
in any case
无论如何
in any event
无论如何
in brief
简单地说
in charge of
负责,总管
in common
共用的,共有的
in consequence(of)
因此;由于
in debt
欠债,欠情
in detail
详细地
in difficulty
处境困难
in effect
实际上,事实上
in general
一般来说,大体上
in favour of
支持,赞成
in front of
面对,...
in half
成两半
in hand
在进行中,待办理
in honour of
为庆祝,为纪念
in itself
本质上,就其本身而言
in line with
...一致
in memory of
纪念
in no case
决不
in no time
立即,马上
in no way
决不
in order
按顺序,按次序
in other words
换句话说
in part
部分地
in particular
特别,尤其
in person
亲自,本人
in place
在合适的位置
in place of
代替,取代,交换
in practice
在实践中,实际上
in proportion to
...成比例
in public
公开地,当众
in quantity
大量
in question
正在谈论的
in regard to
关于,至于
in relation to
关于,涉及
in return
作为报答/回报/交换
in return for
作为对...报答
in short
简言之,总之
in sight
被见到;在望
in spite of
尽管
in step
齐步,合拍
in step with
...一致/协调
in tears
流着泪,在哭着
in the course of
...期间/过程中
in the distance
在远处
in the end
最后,终于
in the event of
如果...发生,万一
in the face of
即使;...面前
in the first place
首先
in the future
在未来
in the least
丝毫,一点
in (the)light of
鉴于,由于
in the way
挡道
in the world
究竟,到底
in time
及时
in touch
联系,接触
in turn
依次,轮流;转而
in vain
徒劳,白费力
instead of
代替,而不是
just now
眼下;刚才
little by little
逐渐地
lots of
许多
many a
许多
more or less
或多或少,有点
next door
隔壁的,在隔壁
no doubt
无疑地
no less than
不少于...;不亚于...
no longer
不再
no more
不再
no more than
至多,...一样不
none other than
不是别的,正是
on one's guard
警惕,提防
nothing but
只有,只不过
now and then
时而,偶尔
off and on
断断续续,间歇地
off duty
下班
on a large/small scale
/小规模地
on account of
由于
on(an/the) average
平均,通常
on behalf of
代表
on board
在船(/飞机)
on business
因公
on condition that
如果
on duty
上班,值班
on earth
究竟,到底
on fire
起火着火
on foot
步行,
on guard
站岗,值班
on hand
在场,在手边
on occasion(s)
有时,间或
on one's own
独立,独自
on purpose
故意地
on sale
出售,廉价出售
on schedule
按时间表,准时
on second thoughts
经重新考虑
on the contrary
正相反
on the grounds of
根据,...为由
on (the) one hand
一方面
on the other hand
另一方面
on the point of
即将...的时刻
on the road
在旅途中
on the side
作为兼职/
on the spot
在场;马上
on the whole
总的来说,大体上
on time
准时
once again
再一次
once(and)for all
一劳永逸地
once in a while
偶尔
once more
再一次
once upon a time
从前
one another
相互
or else
否则,要不然
or so
大约,左右
other than
;除了
out of
...;由于;缺乏
out of breath
喘不过气来
out of control
失去控制
out of date
过时的
out of doors
在户外
out of order
出故障的
out of place
不适当的
out of practice
久不练习,荒疏
out of sight
看不见,在视野外
out of the question
毫无可能的
out of touch
不联系,不接触
over and over(again)
一再地,再三地
prior to
...之前
quite a few
相当多,不少
rather than
不是...(而是)
regardless of
不顾,不惜
right away
立即,马上
side by side
肩并肩,一起
so far
迄今为止
sooner or later
迟早,早晚
step by step
逐步地
such as
例如,诸如
thanks to
由于,多亏
that is (to say)
就是说,
to the point
切中要害,切题
under control
处于控制之下
under the circumstances
这种情况下
up to date
在进行中
up to
多达;直到;胜任;取决于
what if
切合目前情况的
what about
怎么样
with respect to
如果...将怎么样
with regard to
关于,至于
without question
关于,至于,
with the exception of
...之外
without question
毫无疑问
word for word
逐字的

 

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