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HDU 2363 Cycling(并查集 SPFA 暴力枚举)

标签: ACMHDU最短路
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Cycling

Time Limit: 5000/2000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 1286    Accepted Submission(s): 432


Problem Description
You want to cycle to a programming contest. The shortest route to the contest might be over the tops of some mountains and through some valleys. From past experience you know that you perform badly in programming contests after experiencing large differences in altitude. Therefore you decide to take the route that minimizes the altitude difference, where the altitude difference of a route is the difference between the maximum and the minimum height on the route. Your job is to write a program that finds this route.
You are given:

the number of crossings and their altitudes, and

the roads by which these crossings are connected.
Your program must find the route that minimizes the altitude difference between the highest and the lowest point on the route. If there are multiple possibilities, choose the shortest one.
For example:



In this case the shortest path from 1 to 7 would be through 2, 3 and 4, but the altitude difference of that path is 8. So, you prefer to go through 5, 6 and 4 for an altitude difference of 2. (Note that going from 6 directly to 7 directly would have the same difference in altitude, but the path would be longer!) 
 

Input
On the first line an integer t (1 <= t <= 100): the number of test cases. Then for each test case:

One line with two integers n (1 <= n <= 100) and m (0 <= m <= 5000): the number of crossings and the number of roads. The crossings are numbered 1..n.

n lines with one integer hi (0 <= hi <= 1 000 000 000): the altitude of the i-th crossing.

m lines with three integers aj , bj (1 <= aj , bj <= n) and cj (1 <= cj <= 1 000 000): this indicates that there is a two-way road between crossings aj and bj of length cj . You may assume that the altitude on a road between two crossings changes linearly.
You start at crossing 1 and the contest is at crossing n. It is guaranteed that it is possible to reach the programming contest from your home.
 

Output
For each testcase, output one line with two integers separated by a single space:

the minimum altitude difference, and

the length of shortest path with this altitude difference.
 

Sample Input
1 7 9 4 9 1 3 3 5 4 1 2 1 2 3 1 3 4 1 4 7 1 1 5 4 5 6 4 6 7 4 5 3 2 6 4 2
 

Sample Output
2 11
 

Source

题意:
找到最高值与最低值相差最少的路程并求出最短的路程。
思路:
参见HUD2337的做法。将海拔从低到高排序,然后用并查集枚举所有的可行解。在可行解中求出最短路。(注意开始点等于终止点的情况)。

#include <cstdio>
#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <algorithm>
#include <map>
#include <queue>
#include <cmath>
#include <vector>
#define MAXE 11000 
#define MAXV 110
#define INF 0X7fffffff
#define EINF 0x3f3f3f3f3f3f
using namespace std;

/****************************************************/
int marr[MAXV];
void reflash()    {for(int i = 0; i < MAXV; i++) marr[i] = i;}
int get(int num){while(marr[num] != num) num = marr[num];    return num;}
void merg(int a, int b){if(get(a) != get(b)) marr[get(a)] = get(b);}
/****************************************************/


struct node{
    int t, w, next;
}edge[MAXE];

int inde, head[MAXV], dist[MAXV];
bool oc[MAXV];

void addedge(int s, int t, int w){
    edge[inde].w = w;
    edge[inde].t = t;
    edge[inde].next = head[s];
    head[s] = inde++;
}

void fresh(){
    inde = 0;
    memset(head, -1, sizeof(head));
    memset(oc, 0, sizeof(oc));
}

struct node2{
    int num, h;
};
bool operator<(const node2& a, const node2& b){
    return a.h < b.h;
}
node2 point[MAXV];
bool occ[MAXV];

long long int spfa(int s, int t){
    int now, i;
    for(i = 0; i < MAXV; i++) dist[i] = INF;
    dist[s] = 0;
    queue<int> que;
    que.push(s);
    while(!que.empty()){
        now = que.front();
        que.pop();
        oc[now] = 0;
        i = head[now];
        while(i >= 0){
            if(!occ[edge[i].t]){
                i = edge[i].next;
                continue;
            }
            if(dist[edge[i].t] > dist[now] + edge[i].w){
                dist[edge[i].t] = dist[now] + edge[i].w;
                if(!oc[edge[i].t]){oc[edge[i].t] = 1; que.push(edge[i].t);}
            }
            i = edge[i].next;
        }
    }
    return dist[t];

}

struct node3{
    int s, t;
};

int main()
{
    int casen, num, edges, i, j,s, t, w ,k;
    long long int minh, minw;
    scanf("%d", &casen);
    while(casen--){
        minh = minw = EINF;
        fresh();
        scanf("%d%d", &num, &edges);
        for(i = 0; i < num; i++){
            scanf("%d", &point[i].h);
            point[i].num = i + 1;
        }
        sort(point, point + num);
        for(i = 0; i < edges; i++){
            scanf("%d%d%d", &s, &t, &w);
            addedge(s,t,w);
            addedge(t,s,w);
        }
        queue<node3> que;
        node3 temp;
        for(i = 0; i < num; i++){
            reflash();
            j = i;
            memset(occ, 0, sizeof(occ));
            while(j < num && get(1) != get(num)){
                occ[point[j].num] = 1;
                k = head[point[j].num];
                while(k >= 0){
                    if(occ[edge[k].t])  merg(point[j].num, edge[k].t);
                    k = edge[k].next;
                }
                j++;
                
            }
            if(get(1) == get(num)){
                j--;
                if(point[j].h - point[i].h < minh){
                    minh = point[j].h - point[i].h;
                    while(!que.empty()) que.pop();
                    temp.s = i; temp.t = j;
                    que.push(temp);
                }
                else if(point[j].h - point[i].h == minh){
                    temp.s = i; temp.t = j;
                    que.push(temp);
                }
            }
        }
        while(!que.empty()){
            temp = que.front();
            que.pop();
            memset(occ, 0, sizeof(occ));
            for(i = temp.s; i <= temp.t; i++){
                occ[point[i].num] = 1;
            }
            minw = min(minw, spfa(1, num));
        }
        if(1 == num)
            printf("0 0\n");
        else
            printf("%lld %lld\n",minh, minw);
        }
    return 0;
}



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