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ASP.NET GridView的各种用法(1)

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原文地址:http://www.pccode.net/info/2010/03/28/20100328-2907.html

快速预览:
GridView无代码分页排序
GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除
GridView正反双向排序
GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合
GridView和CheckBox结合
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二
GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框
GridView实现自动编号
GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式
GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串
GridView一般换行与强制换行
GridView显示隐藏某一列
GridView弹出新页面/弹出新窗口
GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS,2行代码,很好用)
GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)
GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)
GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计
GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

1.GridView无代码分页排序

效果图:

1.AllowSorting设为True,aspx代码中是AllowSorting="True";
2.默认1页10条,如果要修改每页条数,修改PageSize即可,在aspx代码中是PageSize="12"。
3.默认的是单向排序的,右击GridView弹出“属性”,选择AllowSorting为True即可。


 

2.GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除:

效果图:

 

后台代码:
你可以使用sqlhelper,本文没用。代码如下:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
SqlConnection sqlcon;
SqlCommand sqlcom;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=数据库名;Uid=帐号;Pwd=密码";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
bind();
}
}
protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
bind();
}

//删除
protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
{
string sqlstr = "delete from 表 where id='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
bind();
}

//更新
protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
{
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
string sqlstr = "update 表 set 字段1='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段2='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段3='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where id='"
+ GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}

//取消
protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}

//绑定
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select * from 表";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "表");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "id" };//主键
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
}
}

前台主要代码:
... ...
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"
ForeColor="#333333" GridLines="None" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit">
<FooterStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>

 


3.GridView正反双向排序:
效果图:点姓名各2次的排序,点其他也一样可以。


后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿的博客http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
SqlConnection sqlcon;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
bind();
}
}
protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
{
string sPage = e.SortExpression;
if (ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString() == sPage)
{
if (ViewState["OrderDire"].ToString() == "Desc")
ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
else
ViewState["OrderDire"] = "Desc";
}
else
{
ViewState["SortOrder"] = e.SortExpression;
}
bind();
}

public void bind()
{

string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
DataView view = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView;
string sort = (string)ViewState["SortOrder"] + " " + (string)ViewState["OrderDire"];
view.Sort = sort;
GridView1.DataSource = view;
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
}
}

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
<asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" SortExpression="员工性别"/>
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>

 

4.GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合:

效果图:

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default4 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
SqlConnection sqlcon;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
DropDownList ddl;
if (!IsPostBack)
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataBind();
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "True")
{
ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
ddl.SelectedIndex = 0;
}
if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "False")
{
ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
ddl.SelectedIndex = 1;
}
}
sqlcon.Close();
}
}
public SqlDataReader ddlbind()
{
string sqlstr = "select distinct 员工性别 from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlCommand sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
return sqlcom.ExecuteReader();
}

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="员工性别">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" DataSource='<%# ddlbind()%>' DataValueField="员工性别" DataTextField="员工性别">
</asp:DropDownList>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />

</asp:GridView>


5.GridView和CheckBox结合:

效果图:

后台代码:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class Default5 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
SqlConnection sqlcon;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
bind();
}
}
protected void CheckBox2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
if (CheckBox2.Checked == true)
{
cbox.Checked = true;
}
else
{
cbox.Checked = false;
}
}
}
protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlCommand sqlcom;
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
if (cbox.Checked == true)
{

string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[i].Value + "'";
sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
}
}
bind();
}
protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
CheckBox2.Checked = false;
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
CheckBox cbox = (CheckBox)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("CheckBox1");
cbox.Checked = false;
}
}
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "tb_Member");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
sqlcon.Close();
}
}

前台主要代码:

<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:TemplateField>
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox1" runat="server" />
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>

<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>

</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
<asp:CheckBox ID="CheckBox2" runat="server" AutoPostBack="True" Font-Size="9pt" OnCheckedChanged="CheckBox2_CheckedChanged"
Text="全选" />
<asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="取消" onClick="Button1_Click" />
<asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" Font-Size="9pt" Text="删除" onClick="Button2_Click" />

 

6.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一:

效果图:

做法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
int i;
//执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
{
//首先判断是否是数据行
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
//当鼠标停留时更改背景色
e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
//当鼠标移开时还原背景色
e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
}
}

}

前台代码:
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
<title>实现鼠标划过改变GridView的行背景色 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div>
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
</Columns>
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
<asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<% ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [身份证号码], [姓名], [员工性别], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>

</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

7.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二:

效果图:

做法:和上面的一样就是代码不同
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
//int i;
////执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
//for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
//{
// //首先判断是否是数据行
// if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
// {
// //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
// e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
// //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
// e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
// }
//}
//如果是绑定数据行
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
//鼠标经过时,行背景色变
e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
//鼠标移出时,行背景色变
e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
}

}

8.GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:

protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
//如果是绑定数据行
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
{
((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
}
}

}

 

9.GridView实现自动编号:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
//如果是绑定数据行 //清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
//e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
//e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
//if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
//{
// ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
//}

}
if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
{
int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
}

}

 

注意这时最好把前台的第一列的表头该为“编号”,因为以前的第一列被“吃掉”了。
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
<asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
</Columns>
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>

10.GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式:

效果图:
图1-未格式化前

图2-格式化后

解决方法:
在asp.net 2.0中,如果要在绑定列中显示比如日期格式等,如果用下面的方法是显示不了的

<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />

主要是由于htmlencode属性默认设置为true,已防止XSS攻击,安全起见而用的,所以,可以有以下两种方法解决

1、

<asp :GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server">
<columns>
<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HtmlEncode="false"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />
</columns>
</asp>

将htmlencode设置为false即可

另外的解决方法为,使用模版列

<asp :GridView ID="GridView3" runat="server" >
<columns>
<asp :TemplateField HeaderText="CreationDate" >
<edititemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text='<%# Eval("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</edititemtemplate>
<itemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text=’<%# Bind("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</itemtemplate>
</asp>
</columns>
</asp>

前台代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="出生日期" SortExpression="出生日期" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" SortExpression="起薪" />
</Columns>
<FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
<RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
<SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
</asp:GridView>
<asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<% ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [出生日期], [起薪], [身份证号码], [姓名], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>

附录-常用格式化公式:
{0:C} 货币;
{0:D4}由0填充的4个字符宽的字段中显示整数;
{0:000.0}四舍五入小数点保留第几位有效数字;
{0:N2}小数点保留2位有效数字;{0:N2}% 小数点保留2位有效数字加百分号;
{0:D}长日期;{0:d}短日期;{0:yy-MM-dd} 例如07-3-25;;{0:yyyy-MM-dd} 例如2007-3-25

 

11.GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串:

效果图:

解决方法:数据绑定后过滤每一行即可
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
DataRowView mydrv;
string gIntro;
if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
{
mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];//表名
gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);//所要处理的字段
GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
}
else
{
mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
}
}

调用的方法:

public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
{
if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
{
return sString;
}
string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
return sNewStr;
}

后台全部代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
SqlConnection sqlcon;
SqlCommand sqlcom;
string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
bind();
}
}
protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
{
string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
{
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
+ ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
+ GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
sqlcon.Open();
sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
sqlcon.Close();
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
{
GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
bind();
}
public void bind()
{
string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
DataSet myds = new DataSet();
sqlcon.Open();
myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
GridView1.DataSource = myds;
GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
GridView1.DataBind();
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
{
DataRowView mydrv;
string gIntro;
if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
{
mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
}
else
{
mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
}
}

sqlcon.Close();
}
public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
{
if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
{
return sString;
}
string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
return sNewStr;
}
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
//如果是绑定数据行
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
//e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
//e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
//if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
//{
// ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:\"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "\"吗?')");
//}

}
if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
{
int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
}

}
}
 



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