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省市区三级联动

标签: 省市区三级联动 本地assert文件夹下
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本篇文章简单的实现了解析本地json文件,并添加到内存中,使用自定义控件,实现省市区三级联动的功能。

一、首先是效果图:


首先是CitiesActivity:

/**
 * 省市区三级联动
 * @author SHI
 * 2016年6月1日 19:44:31
 */
public class CitiesActivity extends Activity implements OnWheelChangedListener
{
	/**
	 * 把全国的省市区的信息以json的格式保存,解析完成后赋值为null
	 */
	private JSONObject mJsonObj;
	private List<SelectPositionBean> listData_All;
	private List<SelectPositionBean> listData_secound;
	private List<SelectPositionBean> listData_third;
	
	
	private SelectPositionBean selectCurrentFirstPositon;
	private SelectPositionBean selectCurrentSecoundPositon;
	private SelectPositionBean selectCurrentThirdPositon;
	/**
	 * 省的WheelView控件
	 */
	private WheelView mProvince;
	/**
	 * 市的WheelView控件
	 */
	private WheelView mCity;
	/**
	 * 区的WheelView控件
	 */
	private WheelView mArea;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
	{
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.citys);

		initJsonData();

		mProvince = (WheelView) findViewById(R.id.id_province);
		mCity = (WheelView) findViewById(R.id.id_city);
		mArea = (WheelView) findViewById(R.id.id_area);

		parseJson();
		mProvince.setViewAdapter(new MyWhellAdapter(this, listData_All));
		// 添加change事件
		mProvince.addChangingListener(this);
		// 添加change事件
		mCity.addChangingListener(this);
		// 添加change事件
		mArea.addChangingListener(this);
		mProvince.setVisibleItems(7);
		mCity.setVisibleItems(7); 
		mArea.setVisibleItems(7);
		mProvince.setCurrentItem(0);
		updateCities();
		updateAreas();

	}
	
	private void parseJson(){
		AssetManager am = getAssets();
		Gson gson = new Gson();
		try {
			InputStream is = am.open("json_register_position.txt");
			String str_json = inputStreamToString(is);
			Log.i("str_json", str_json);
			listData_All = gson.fromJson(str_json, new TypeToken<List<SelectPositionBean>>(){}.getType());
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}	
		
		
	}

	/**
	 * 根据当前的市,更新区WheelView的信息
	 */
	private void updateAreas()
	{
		int pCurrent = mCity.getCurrentItem();
		selectCurrentSecoundPositon =  listData_secound.get(pCurrent);
		listData_third = selectCurrentSecoundPositon.getSubChinaCity();
		mArea.setViewAdapter(new MyWhellAdapter(this, listData_third));
		mArea.setCurrentItem(0);
		if(listData_third != null && listData_third.size() != 0){
			selectCurrentThirdPositon = listData_third.get(0);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 根据当前的省,更新市WheelView的信息
	 */
	private void updateCities()
	{
		int pCurrent = mProvince.getCurrentItem();
		selectCurrentFirstPositon = listData_All.get(pCurrent);
		listData_secound = selectCurrentFirstPositon.getSubChinaCity();
		mCity.setViewAdapter(new MyWhellAdapter(this, listData_secound));
		mCity.setCurrentItem(0);
		updateAreas();
	}


	/**
	 * 从assert文件夹中读取省市区的json文件,然后转化为json对象
	 */
	private void initJsonData()
	{
		try
		{
			StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
			InputStream is = getAssets().open("city.json");
			int len = -1;
			byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
			while ((len = is.read(buf)) != -1)
			{
				sb.append(new String(buf, 0, len, "gbk"));
			}
			is.close();
			mJsonObj = new JSONObject(sb.toString());
		} catch (IOException e)
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (JSONException e)
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * change事件的处理
	 */
	@Override
	public void onChanged(WheelView wheel, int oldValue, int newValue)
	{
		if (wheel == mProvince)
		{
			updateCities();
		} else if (wheel == mCity)
		{
			updateAreas();
		} else if (wheel == mArea)
		{
			selectCurrentThirdPositon = listData_third.get(newValue);
		}
	}

	public void showChoose(View view)
	{
		Toast.makeText(this, selectCurrentFirstPositon.getName() + selectCurrentSecoundPositon.getName() + selectCurrentThirdPositon.getName(), 1).show();
	}
	
	private class MyWhellAdapter extends BaseWheelTextAdapter<SelectPositionBean>{


		public MyWhellAdapter(Context context, int itemResource,
				int itemTextResource) {
			super(context, itemResource, itemTextResource);
		}

		public MyWhellAdapter(Context context, int itemResource) {
			super(context, itemResource);
		}

		public MyWhellAdapter(Context context, List<SelectPositionBean> listData) {
			super(context, listData);
		}

		@Override
		protected CharSequence getItemText(int index) {
			return listData.get(index).getName();
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 把流对象转换为字符串
	 * @param is
	 * @return
	 */
	public String inputStreamToString(InputStream is) {      
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is));      
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();      
        String line = null;      
       try {      
           while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {      
                sb.append(line + "\n");      
            }      
        } catch (IOException e) {      
            e.printStackTrace();      
        } finally {      
           try {      
                is.close();      
            } catch (IOException e) {      
                e.printStackTrace();      
            }      
        }      
    
       return sb.toString();      
    }
	
}
SelectPositionBean对象:
/**
 * 地区对象
 * @author SHI
 * 2016年5月31日 16:32:25
 */
public class SelectPositionBean {

	/**地区编号**/
	private String Code;
	/**地区名称**/
	private String Name;
	/**下属地区对象**/
	private List<SelectPositionBean> SubChinaCity;
	
	public String getCode() {
		return Code;
	}
	public void setCode(String code) {
		Code = code;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return Name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		Name = name;
	}
	public List<SelectPositionBean> getSubChinaCity() {
		return SubChinaCity;
	}
	public void setSubChinaCity(List<SelectPositionBean> subChinaCity) {
		SubChinaCity = subChinaCity;
	}
}
布局文件citys.xml
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:text="请选择城市"
        android:textSize="20sp" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView
            android:id="@+id/id_province"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1" >
        </kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView>

        <kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView
            android:id="@+id/id_city"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1" >
        </kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView>

        <kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView
            android:id="@+id/id_area"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1" >
        </kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView>
    </LinearLayout>

    <Button
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="right"
        android:onClick="showChoose"
        android:text="确定" />

</LinearLayout>

其中用到了一个kankan.wheel.widget.WheelView自定义控件,因为代码有点琐碎,我就不粘贴代码了,直接给大家demo下载地址吧。

省市区三级联动demo下载


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