Hadoop Hive安装,配置mysql元数据库

转载 2016年05月30日 14:43:17

由于Hive依赖于Hadoop,安装Hive之前必须确认Hadoop可用,关于Hadoop的安装可以参考集群分布式 Hadoop安装详细步骤,这里不再叙述。

1.下载Hive安装包 
  下载地址为:http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/hive(或点击下面链接),选择一个稳定版本,假设下载的版本为:apache-hive-1.0.1-bin.tar.gz,解压:

<code class="hljs lasso has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">tar <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-zxvf</span> apache<span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-hive</span><span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">-</span><span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">1.0</span><span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.1</span><span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-bin</span><span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.</span>tar<span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">.</span>gz</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

  在apache的下载列表中可以看到hive-1.0.1.src.tar.gz和hive-hive-1.0.1.bin.tar.gz两个包,名字中带bin的压缩包中只包括已经编译好的的Hive程序,不包括Hive的源代码。

2.配置环境变量 
  实际上即使不对操作系统的环境变量进行配置,Hive依然可以使用,但是如果每次都输入全路径效率很低,因此推荐对Linux操作系统的环境变量按以下方式进行配置。 
修改全局配置文件/etc/profile或者用户目录下的私有文件~/.bashrc,在文件中加入以下信息:

<code class="hljs bash has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">export</span> HIVE_HOME=/home/hadoop/apache-hive-<span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">1.0</span>.<span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">1</span>-bin
<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">export</span> PATH=<span class="hljs-variable" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">$HIVE_HOME</span>/bin:<span class="hljs-variable" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">$HIVE_HOME</span>/conf:<span class="hljs-variable" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">$PATH</span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li></ul>

为了让配置立即生效,而不需要重新启动系统或者重新登录,运行以下命令:

<code class="hljs bash has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">source</span> /etc/profile 或
<span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">source</span> ~/.bashrc</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li></ul>

3.创建Hive数据文件目录 
在HDFS中建立用于存储Hive数据的文件目录(/tmp 目录可能已经存在):

<code class="hljs perl has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">hadoop fs -<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">mkdir</span> /tmp
hadoop fs -<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">mkdir</span> /user/hive/warehouse
hadoop fs -<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">chmod</span> <span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">777</span> /tmp
hadoop fs -<span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">chmod</span> <span class="hljs-number" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">777</span> /user/hive/warehouse</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li></ul>

  以上命令在HDFS中建立了/tmp及/usr/hive/warehouse目录,其中/tmp主要用于存放一些执行过程中的临时文件,/user/hive/warehouse用于存放hive进行管理的数据文件。

4.修改hive配置文件 
  这一步不是必须的,如果不配置,Hive将使用默认的配置文件,通过Hive配置文件可以对Hive进行定制及优化。最常见的是对“元数据存储层”的配置,默认情况下Hive使用Derby数据库作为“元数据存储层”。 
在Hive中Derby默认使用“单用户”模式进行启动,这就意味着同一时间只能有一个用户使用Hive,这适用于开发程序时做本地测试。 
  Hive配置文件位于$Hive_Home/conf目录下面,名为hive-site.xml,这个文件默认情况下是不存在的,需要进行手动创建,在此目录下有个hive-default.xml.template的模板文件,首先需要通过它创建hive-site.xml文件。

<code class="hljs avrasm has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">cp</span> hive-default<span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.xml</span><span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.template</span> hive-site<span class="hljs-preprocessor" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); box-sizing: border-box;">.xml</span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

关于元数据库Dergy的默认配置如下:

<code class="hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><!--JDBC元数据仓库连接字符串--></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>jdbc:derby:;databaseName=metastore_db;create=true<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>JDBC connect string for a JDBC metastore<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><!--JDBC元数据仓库驱动类名--></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>org.apache.derby.jdbc.EmbeddedDriver<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>Driver class name for a JDBC metastore<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><!--元数据仓库用户名--></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>APP<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>Username to use against metastore database<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
   <span class="hljs-comment" style="color: rgb(136, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;"><!--元数据仓库密码--></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>mine<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
    <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>password to use against metastore database<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">24</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">24</li></ul>

  从上面的配置中可以看到关于元数据库的配置,由于Hive中已经包含了这个内置的Derby数据库,因此不需要进行数据库的安装,同时在$Hive_Home/lib下还可以看到Derby的数据库驱动包(derby-xx.x.x.x.jar)。至此已经完成Hive各项工作的安装,可以通过以下命令测试Hive是否正常运行:

<code class="hljs lasso has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">hive
hive<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">></span> <span class="hljs-built_in" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">SET</span> <span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-v</span>;
hive<span class="hljs-subst" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">></span> quit;</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul>

出错处理:Exception in thread “main” Java.lang.RuntimeException: java. lang. IllegalArgumentException: java.net.URISyntaxException: Relative path in absolute URI: 
${system:java.io.tmpdir%7D/$%7Bsystem:user.name%7D 
at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.session.SessionState.start(SessionState.java:444) 
at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:672) 
at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:616) 
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) 
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57) 
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) 
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606) 
at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:160) 
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: java.net.URISyntaxException: Relative path in absolute URI: 
处理: 
在hive-site.xml中新建配置项,iotmp文件夹是新建的: 

<property> 
<name>system:java.io.tmpdir</name> 
<value>/home/hadoop/hive-1.0.1/iotmp</value> 
<description/> 
</property> 

下面是配置MySQL 元数据库,替换Derby

  如前所述,Hive在缺省情况下是使用内置的Derty数据库存储元数据,这对程序开发时本地测试没有任何问题。但如果在生产环境中,由于需要支持多用户同时进行系统访问,这可能不能满足应用需求。通过配置,可以让Derty运行为“多用户”模式来满足多用户访问需求。进一步,在实际的生产环境中通常会选用存储功能更为强大的Mysql数据库作为“元数据存储层”。Mysql作为最流行的开源关系型数据库,使用面广、功能多样,必要时可以充当临时的标准数据查询与分析系统使用,因此得到大量的Hive用户的青睐。 
如果使用Mysql作为“元数据存储层”,首先需要安装Mysql,可以使用如下命令:

<code class="hljs lasso has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-variable" style="color: rgb(102, 0, 102); box-sizing: border-box;">#sudo</span> apt<span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-get</span> install mysql<span class="hljs-attribute" style="box-sizing: border-box;">-server</span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li></ul>

安装之后再数据库中建立Hive账号并设置权限:

<code class="hljs oxygene has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;">mysql> <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">create</span> user <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'hive'</span>@<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'%'</span> identified <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">by</span> <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'hive'</span>;
mysql> grant all privileges <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">on</span> *.* <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">to</span> <span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'hive'</span>@<span class="hljs-string" style="color: rgb(0, 136, 0); box-sizing: border-box;">'%'</span> <span class="hljs-keyword" style="color: rgb(0, 0, 136); box-sizing: border-box;">with</span> grant option;
mysql> flush privileges;</code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li></ul>

接下来需要对hive-sive.xml配置文件进行以下修改,以支持mysql:

<code class="hljs xml has-numbering" style="display: block; padding: 0px; color: inherit; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Source Code Pro', monospace;font-size:undefined; white-space: pre; border-radius: 0px; word-wrap: normal; background: transparent;"><span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/metastore_db?createDatabaseIfNotExist=true<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>JDBC connect string for a JDBC metastore<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>

<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>Driver class name for a JDBC metastore<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>

<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>hive<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>username to use against metastore database<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>

<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">name</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>hive<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">value</span>></span>
  <span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"><<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>password to use against metastore database<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">description</span>></span>
<span class="hljs-tag" style="color: rgb(0, 102, 102); box-sizing: border-box;"></<span class="hljs-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(0, 0, 136);">property</span>></span></code><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li></ul><ul class="pre-numbering" style="box-sizing: border-box; position: absolute; width: 50px; top: 0px; left: 0px; margin: 0px; padding: 6px 0px 40px; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-style: solid; border-right-color: rgb(221, 221, 221); list-style: none; text-align: right; background-color: rgb(238, 238, 238);"><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">1</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">2</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">3</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">4</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">5</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">6</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">7</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">8</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">9</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">10</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">11</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">12</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">13</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">14</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">15</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">16</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">17</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">18</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">19</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">20</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">21</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">22</li><li style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px 5px;">23</li></ul>

  另外,由于Hive没有默认包含Mysql的JDBC驱动,因此需要将mysql-connector-java-x.x.xx.jar文件拷贝到$Hive_Home/lib目录中,否则Hive无法与Mysql进行通信。至此,基于Mysql作为“元数据存储层”的Hive系统配置完成。(jar包下载需要注册oracle,需要的可以留言)

参考文献:《深入理解大数据 大数据处理与编程实战》主编:黄宜华老师(南京大学)

相关文章推荐

Hadoop Hive安装,配置mysql元数据库

由于Hive依赖于Hadoop,安装Hive之前必须确认Hadoop可用,关于Hadoop的安装可以参考集群分布式 Hadoop安装详细步骤,这里不再叙述。1.下载Hive安装包   下载地址为:h...

hive的远程模式安装(用mysql作为hive的元数据库)

主机ip(主机名): 192.168.80.10(Master) 192.168.80.11(Slave1) 192.168.80.12()Slave2 在主机Master中解压hive: tar –...

配置hive1.2.1,并更改元数据库为mysql

一、配置hive1.2.1 二、 卸载apt-get默认装的mysql5.4.6 由于hive将mysql作为元数据库,则要求版本高于5.6.17。如果之前使用apt方式安装的版本低于这个...

Ubuntu下安装hive,并配置mysql作为元数据库

一、安装hive1. 下载并解压hive源程序 sudo tar -zxvf ./apache-hive-1.2.1-bin.tar.gz -C /usr/local # 解压到/usr/loc...

hadoop1.2.1集群安装hive1.2.0,用mysql作为元数据库

安装Hive,有条件的同学可考虑用mysql作为元数据库安装(有一定难度,可以获得老师极度赞赏),安装完成后做简单SQL操作测试。 安装环境: hadoop1.2.1集群 ...

Ubuntu下安装hive,并配置mysql作为元数据库

一、安装hive 1.下载并解压hive源程序sudo tar -zxvf ./apache-hive-1.2.1-bin.tar.gz -C /usr/local # 解压到/usr/local中...

hive0.13安装配置元数据库mysql

安装hive 1、下载apache-hive-0.13.1-bin.tar.gz wget  http://apache.fayea.com/apache-mirror/hive/hive-0.13....
  • weipanp
  • weipanp
  • 2015年01月14日 17:35
  • 525

hadoop hive安装,并使用mysql数据库

1、下载hive-0.12.0并解压到soft下 2、配置hive环境变量:kun@hadoop-master:~$ sudo gedit /etc/profile export HIVE_...

hadoop集群配置之hive1.2.0安装部署(远程mysql)

hadoop的版本是2.6.0 根据hive的源数据不同分为三种模式     1、内嵌模式,使用自带的derby     2、本地独立模式,本地mysql库     3、远程模式,远程mysq...
  • vfgbv
  • vfgbv
  • 2016年03月29日 10:52
  • 611

hadoop集群配置之hive1.2.0安装部署(远程mysql)

hadoop的版本是2.6.0 根据hive的源数据不同分为三种模式     1、内嵌模式,使用自带的derby     2、本地独立模式,本地mysql库     3、远程模式,远程mysq...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:Hadoop Hive安装,配置mysql元数据库
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)