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用java获得广播地址 选择自 keepeye 的 Blog

标签: javablogstring算法class网络
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如何计算网络的广播地址呢,下面就是算法:
假如计算机的IP位址是192.15.156.205,子网掩码是255.255.255.224,
先把子网掩码255.255.255.224做 NOT 运算﹐可以得出﹕
00000000.00000000.00000000.00011111
然后再和IP做一次 OR 运算﹐就可以得到 Broadcast Address:
11000000.00001111.10011100.11001101 OR 00000000.00000000.00000000.00011111
(192.15.156.205 OR 255.255.255.224)
得出﹕ 11000000.00001111.10011100.11011111
(192.15.156.223)
192.15.156.223就是那个子网的广播地址了.
下面就是实现这个算法的java类清单.

public class BroadcastAddr {
 private String netmask = "";

 private String netaddr = "";

 private String netbroadcastaddr = "";

 /**
  * @param args
  */
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  BroadcastAddr info = new BroadcastAddr();
  try {
   System.out.println(Inet4Address.getByName("ooad-navysea")
     .toString());
   System.out.println(Inet4Address.getAllByName("localhost").length);
  } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
  info.setNetaddr("192.168.1.106");
  info.setNetmask("255.255.255.0");
  info.execCalc();
  System.out.println(info.getNetbroadcastaddr());
 }

 public String getNetaddr() {
  return netaddr;
 }

 public void setNetaddr(String netaddr) {
  this.netaddr = netaddr;
 }

 public String getNetbroadcastaddr() {
  return netbroadcastaddr;
 }

 public void setNetbroadcastaddr(String netbroadcastaddr) {
  this.netbroadcastaddr = netbroadcastaddr;
 }

 public String getNetmask() {
  return netmask;
 }

 public void setNetmask(String netmask) {
  this.netmask = netmask;
 }

 public void execCalc() {
  String[] tm = this.getNetmask().split("//.");
  StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
  for (int i = 0; i < tm.length; i++) {
   tm[i] = String.valueOf(~(Integer.parseInt(tm[i])));
  }
  String[] tm2 = this.getNetaddr().split("//.");
  for (int i = 0; i < tm.length; i++) {
   tm[i] = String.valueOf((Integer.parseInt(tm2[i]))
     | (Integer.parseInt(tm[i])));
  }
  for (int i = 0; i < tm.length; i++) {
   sb.append(intTOstr(tm[i]));
   sb.append(".");
  }
  // sb.delete(sb.length()-1,sb.length());
  sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
  this.netbroadcastaddr = parseIp(sb.toString());
 }

 private String intTOstr(int num) {
  String tm = "";
  tm = Integer.toBinaryString(num);
  int c = 8 - tm.length();
  // 如果二进制数据少于8位,在前面补零.
  for (int i = 0; i < c; i++) {
   tm = "0" + tm;
  }
  // 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1101 1110
  // 如果小于零,则只取最后的8位.
  if (c < 0)
   tm = tm.substring(24, 32);
  return tm;
 }

 private String intTOstr(String num) {
  return intTOstr(Integer.parseInt(num));
 }

 private String parseIp(String fbg) {
  String[] tm = fbg.split("//.");
  StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
  for (int i = 0; i < tm.length; i++) {
   sb.append(strToint(tm[i]));
   sb.append(".");
  }
  // sb.delete(sb.length()-1,1);
  sb.deleteCharAt(sb.length() - 1);
  return sb.toString();
 }

 /**
  * 把二进制数转换为十进制.
  *
  * @param str
  * @return
  */
 private int strToint(String str) {
  int total = 0;
  int top = str.length();
  for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
   // System.out.println(str.charAt(i)+str.substring(i,i+1));
   String h = String.valueOf(str.charAt(i));
   // System.out.println(h+":"+top+":"+total);
   top--;
   total += ((int) Math.pow(2, top)) * (Integer.parseInt(h));
  }
  return total;
 }
}

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