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贪吃蛇简单小游戏

标签: ios游戏贪吃蛇
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大致思想:圈定一个区域,里面的每个格子都用一个数组表示,用于记录该格子是否可以移动过去,动物也用一个数组表示,根据定时器设定时间间隔移动,方向存在头部,点击按钮可以改变头部的方向属性。移动时头按方向移动,每格身体都移动到前一个的位置,同时修改坐标相同的区域大数组中对象的属性移动到的位置不可用,离开的位置可用。食物坐标随机,如果随机的左边不可用,则再次随机知道坐标可用位置。当头和食物的坐标相同时,移动上去的一瞬间食物坐标重新随机,身体最末端增加一个对象。自定义一个UIImageView,给其添加几个属性,用于标记坐标,是否是食物,是否可用,以及头部的移动方向



//自定义UIimageView,为imageView添加几个标记属性

@interface myIV : UIImageView

@property (nonatomic,assign) BOOL  available;//是否可以走上去,身体和墙的位置为no
@property (nonatomic,assign) BOOL  food;//是否是食物
@property (nonatomic,assign) int direction;//标记头的移动方向1234代表上下左右
@property (nonatomic,assign) CGPoint location;//位置,即在30*30的可移动区域的坐标

@end



全局变量声明

@class myIV;
@interface MAViewController : UIViewController

{
    NSMutableArray *_baseArray;//储存地图上每个格子的数组
    NSMutableArray *_arraySnake;//储存动物身体的数组
    myIV *_viewFood;//现实食物的图片
    UIButton *_btnStart;//开始按钮
    int _count;//计数
    UILabel *_labelCount;//计数板
    NSTimer *_timer;//控制移动的计时器
}


@end


程序主体


#import "MAViewController.h"
#import "myIV.h"

@interface MAViewController ()

@end

@implementation MAViewController


- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    // Do any additional setup after loading the view from its nib.
    //初始化数组用预存发放相关内用
    //地图大小为32*32,其中最外圈是围墙,baseArray中的每个对象代表一行,每行为一个数组
    _baseArray  = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:32];
    //初始化长度为3,分为1头2身体
    _arraySnake = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:3];
    //初始化食物imageView
    _viewFood = [[myIV alloc]init];
    _viewFood.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"食物图片.png"];

    UIImageView *IVBackground = [[UIImageView alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];
    IVBackground.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"背景图片.jpg"];
    
    [self.view addSubview:IVBackground];

    
    //创建头
    myIV *headView = [[myIV alloc]init];
    headView.location = CGPointMake(30, 28);
    headView.direction = 1;
    headView.frame = CGRectMake(10+(headView.location.x - 1) * 10,30 +(headView.location.y - 1) * 10 ,10   ,10);
    headView.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"头部图片.png"];
    headView.available = NO;
    [_arraySnake addObject:headView];


    

    //创建上墙
    NSMutableArray *array0 = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:32];
    for (int i = 0; i <32; i ++) {
        myIV *view = [[myIV alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(i*10, 20, 10, 10)];
        view.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"方块"];
        view.available = NO;
        view.food = NO;
        view.layer.cornerRadius = 3;
        [array0 addObject:view];
        [self.view addSubview:view];
    }
    [_baseArray addObject:array0];
    
    
    
    
    //上墙下墙中间部分的30个数组
    for (int i = 0; i < 30; i ++) {
        NSMutableArray *array = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:32];
        for (int j = 0; j < 30; j ++) {
            myIV * blankView = [[myIV alloc]init];
            blankView.available = YES;
            blankView.frame = CGRectMake(10+j*10, 30 +i * 10, 10, 10);
            [self.view addSubview:blankView];
            [array addObject:blankView];
            
        }
        [_baseArray addObject:array];
    }
    
    
    //下墙
    NSMutableArray *array31 = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:32];
    for (int i = 0; i <32; i ++) {
        myIV *view = [[myIV alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(i*10, 330, 10, 10)];
        view.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"方块"];
        view.available = NO;
        view.food = NO;
        view.layer.cornerRadius = 3;
        [self.view addSubview:view];
        [array31 addObject:view];
    }
    [_baseArray addObject:array31];
    

    //左墙
    for (int i = 0; i <30; i ++) {
        myIV *view = [[myIV alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 30+i*10,10,10)];
        view.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"方块"];
        view.available = NO;
        view.food = NO;
        view.layer.cornerRadius = 3;
        [self.view addSubview:view];
        NSMutableArray *array0 = [_baseArray objectAtIndex:i+1];
        [array0 insertObject:view atIndex:0];
    }
    //右墙
    for (int i = 0; i <30; i ++) {
        myIV *view = [[myIV alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(310, 30+i*10, 10, 10)];
        view.image= [UIImage imageNamed:@"方块"];
        view.available = NO;
        view.food = NO;
        view.layer.cornerRadius = 3;
        [self.view addSubview:view];
        NSMutableArray *array0 = [_baseArray objectAtIndex:i+1];
        [array0 addObject:view];
        
    }


    //初始化身体*2
    for (int i = 2; i > 0; i--) {
        myIV *bodyView = [[myIV alloc]init];
        bodyView.frame = CGRectMake(10+29*10, 30+(30-i)*10, 10, 10);
        bodyView.available = NO;
        bodyView.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"身体图片.png"];
        bodyView.location = CGPointMake(30, 31-i);
        [_arraySnake addObject:bodyView];

    }
    
    
    //身体添加到视图上
    for (myIV * view in _arraySnake) {
        [self.view addSubview:view];
    }
        [self.view addSubview:_viewFood];

    //创建控制方向的按钮
    [self createDirectionBtn];
    
    //开始按钮
    _btnStart = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
    _btnStart.frame = CGRectMake(50, 360, 100, 40);
    [_btnStart setTitle:@"START" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    _btnStart.backgroundColor = [UIColor grayColor];
    [_btnStart setTitleColor:[UIColor blueColor] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    _btnStart.titleLabel.font = [UIFont systemFontOfSize:20];
    [_btnStart addTarget:self action:@selector(btnStartClick) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:_btnStart];
   

    //计数板

    _labelCount = [[UILabel alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(50, 410, 100, 40)];
    _labelCount.text = @"0";
    _labelCount.font = [UIFont systemFontOfSize:20];
    [self.view addSubview:_labelCount];
    
}

//头和身体的移动
-(void)snakeMove
{
    int count = _arraySnake.count;
    myIV *viewHead = [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:0];
    myIV *viewLast  =[_arraySnake objectAtIndex:count - 1];
    myIV *viewBodyForEat =[[myIV alloc]init];

//这个将用做吃到食物后所添加的对象

    viewBodyForEat.frame = viewLast.frame;
    viewBodyForEat.location = viewLast.location;
    viewBodyForEat.image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"身体图片.png"];
    viewBodyForEat.available = NO;

    if ( viewHead.direction == 1)
    {
        int x,y;
        x = viewHead.location.x;
        y = viewHead.location.y;
        x = x;
        y = y - 1;
        myIV *viewHeadDirection = [[myIV alloc]init];
        viewHeadDirection = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:y] objectAtIndex:x];

//判断头的下一个位置是否可用

        if (viewHeadDirection.available == NO) {
            [_timer invalidate];
            _timer = nil;
        }
        else
        {
            
            for (int i = count -1; i > 0   ; i--)
            {
                
                myIV *view = [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i];
                myIV *viewNext =[_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i-1];
                view.center =  viewNext.center;
                
                myIV *viewForBodyMark  = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.y] objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.x];
                viewForBodyMark.available = NO;
                
                view.location = viewNext.location;
            }

            viewHead.center = CGPointMake(viewHead.center.x, viewHead.center.y - 10);
            viewHead.location = CGPointMake(viewHead.location.x, viewHead.location.y - 1);
           
        }
 
    }
    else if (viewHead.direction == 2)
    {
        int x,y;
        x = viewHead.location.x;
        y = viewHead.location.y;
        x = x;
        y = y + 1;
        myIV *viewHeadDirection = [[myIV alloc]init];
        viewHeadDirection = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:y] objectAtIndex:x];
        if (viewHeadDirection.available == NO) {
            [_timer invalidate];
            _timer = nil;
        }
        else
        {
            
            for (int i = count -1; i > 0   ; i--) {
                myIV *view = [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i];
                myIV *viewNext =[_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i-1];
                view.center =  viewNext.center;

                myIV *viewForBodyMark  = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.y] objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.x];
                viewForBodyMark.available = NO;
                view.location = viewNext.location;
   
            }
            
             viewHead.center = CGPointMake(viewHead.center.x, viewHead.center.y +10);
            viewHead.location = CGPointMake(viewHead.location.x, viewHead.location.y + 1);
        }
    }
    else if (viewHead.direction == 3)
    {
        int x,y;
        x = viewHead.location.x;
        y = viewHead.location.y;
        x = x-1;
        y = y ;
        myIV *viewHeadDirection = [[myIV alloc]init];
        viewHeadDirection = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:y] objectAtIndex:x];
        if (viewHeadDirection.available == NO) {
            [_timer invalidate];
            _timer = nil;
        }
        else
        {
            
            for (int i = count -1; i > 0   ; i--) {
                myIV *view = [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i];
                myIV *viewNext =[_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i-1];
                view.center =  viewNext.center;
                
                myIV *viewForBodyMark  = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.y] objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.x];
                viewForBodyMark.available = NO;
                
                view.location = viewNext.location;

            }
            
            
            
               viewHead.center = CGPointMake(viewHead.center.x - 10, viewHead.center.y );
            viewHead.location = CGPointMake(viewHead.location.x-1, viewHead.location.y );
        }
    }
    else if (viewHead.direction == 4)
    {
        int x,y;
        x = viewHead.location.x;
        y = viewHead.location.y;
        x = x+1;
        y = y ;
        myIV *viewHeadDirection = [[myIV alloc]init];
        viewHeadDirection = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:y] objectAtIndex:x];
        if (viewHeadDirection.available == NO) {
            [_timer invalidate];
            _timer = nil;
        }
        else
        {

            for (int i = count -1; i > 0   ; i--) {
                myIV *view = [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i];
                myIV *viewNext =[_arraySnake objectAtIndex:i-1];
                view.center =  viewNext.center;
                
                
                myIV *viewForBodyMark  = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.y] objectAtIndex:viewNext.location.x];
                viewForBodyMark.available = NO;

                view.location = viewNext.location;

            }
            
            viewHead.center = CGPointMake(viewHead.center.x+10, viewHead.center.y );
            viewHead.location = CGPointMake(viewHead.location.x+1, viewHead.location.y );
        }
    }
    
    
        myIV * viewForBodyMark2  = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:viewBodyForEat.location.y] objectAtIndex:viewBodyForEat.location.x];
        viewForBodyMark2.available = YES;
    //判断是否吃到了食物
    if (viewHead.location.x == _viewFood.location.x && viewHead.location.y == _viewFood.location.y) {
        _count = _count + 1;
        _labelCount.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d",_count];
        [self createFood];
        [self.view addSubview:viewBodyForEat];
        [_arraySnake addObject:viewBodyForEat];
 
    }

    
}

-(void)btnStartClick
{
    [_timer invalidate];
    _timer = nil;
    _count = 0;
    _baseArray  = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:32];
    _arraySnake = [[NSMutableArray alloc]initWithCapacity:3];
    [self viewDidLoad];
  
    _labelCount.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d",_count];
    
    //移动定时器
    _timer = [NSTimer scheduledTimerWithTimeInterval:0.15 target:self selector:@selector(snakeMove) userInfo:nil repeats:YES];
        [self createFood];
}
//创建控制方向的按钮
-(void)createDirectionBtn
{
    UIButton *btnUp = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
    btnUp.frame =CGRectMake(230, 380, 40, 40);
    [btnUp setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"方向上.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    btnUp.tag = 1;
    [btnUp addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:btnUp];
    
    UIButton *btnDown = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
    btnDown.frame =CGRectMake(230, 430, 40, 40);
    [btnDown setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"方向下.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    btnDown.tag = 2;
    [btnDown addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:btnDown];
    
    UIButton *btnLeft = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
    btnLeft.frame =CGRectMake(205, 405, 40, 40);
    [btnLeft setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"方向左.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    btnLeft.tag = 3;
    [btnLeft addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:btnLeft];
    
    UIButton *btnRight = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];
    btnRight.frame =CGRectMake(255, 405, 40, 40);
    [btnRight setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"方向右.png"] forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    btnRight.tag = 4 ;
    [btnRight addTarget:self action:@selector(btnClick:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
    [self.view addSubview:btnRight];
    
}
//刷新食物的方法
-(void)createFood
{

    int x,y ;
    myIV *viewFoodLoaction = [[myIV alloc]init];

    
    do {
        x = arc4random()%30+1;
        y = arc4random()%30+1;
        viewFoodLoaction = [[_baseArray objectAtIndex:y] objectAtIndex:x];
    } while (viewFoodLoaction.available == NO);
    
    _viewFood.frame = CGRectMake( x *10, 20 + 10 * y, 10, 10);
    
    _viewFood.location = CGPointMake(x, y);
    
    
    
}

//改变方向的方法

-(void)btnClick:(UIButton *)btn
{
    myIV *viewhead =  [_arraySnake objectAtIndex:0];
    if (viewhead.direction == 1||viewhead.direction == 2)
    {
        if (btn.tag == 3 ||btn.tag == 4)
        {
            viewhead.direction = btn.tag;
        }
    }
    else if (viewhead.direction == 3 || viewhead.direction == 4)
    {
        if (btn.tag == 1 ||btn.tag == 2)
        {
            viewhead.direction = btn.tag;
        }
    }


    
}

@end








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