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android 沉浸式状态栏 背景色修改

标签: android状态栏 背景色修改
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1、首先沉浸式状态栏背景色修改是4.4以上的操作系统,但是有些4.4的系统不能使用(例如酷派某些型号),但是小米、魅族操作系统,亲测是没有问题的。

2、贴上代码(在activity的oncreate()方法中添加)

<pre name="code" class="java">/** 沉浸式状态栏管理类 **/
protected SystemBarTintManager mTintManager;//生命一个变量
//判断操作系统的版本
       if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
// 状态栏透明 需要在创建SystemBarTintManager之前调用。
setTranslucentStatus(true);//方法如下
}
mTintManager = new SystemBarTintManager(this);
// 设置状态栏背景
mTintManager.setStatusBarTintEnabled(true);
mTintManager.setStatusBarTintResource(R.color.common_head_bg);//颜色可以随便修改

@TargetApi(19)
protected void setTranslucentStatus(boolean on) {
Window win = getWindow();
WindowManager.LayoutParams winParams = win.getAttributes();
final int bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS;
if (on) {
winParams.flags |= bits;
} else {
winParams.flags &= ~bits;
}
win.setAttributes(winParams);
}

3.xml布局文件需要加 android:fitsSystemWindows="true"

4、需要将这个工具类导入。

import java.lang.reflect.Method;


import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Configuration;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Build;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewConfiguration;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.FrameLayout.LayoutParams;


/**
 * Class to manage status and navigation bar tint effects when using KitKat
 * translucent system UI modes.
 * 
 */
public class SystemBarTintManager {
static {
// Android allows a system property to override the presence of the
// navigation bar.
// Used by the emulator.
// See
// https://github.com/android/platform_frameworks_base/blob/master/policy/src/com/android/internal/policy/impl/PhoneWindowManager.java#L1076
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
try {
Class c = Class.forName("android.os.SystemProperties");
Method m = c.getDeclaredMethod("get", String.class);
m.setAccessible(true);
sNavBarOverride = (String) m.invoke(null, "qemu.hw.mainkeys");
} catch (Throwable e) {
sNavBarOverride = null;
}
}
}


/**
* The default system bar tint color value.
*/
public static final int DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR = 0x99000000;


private static String sNavBarOverride;


private final SystemBarConfig mConfig;
private boolean mStatusBarAvailable;
private boolean mNavBarAvailable;
private boolean mStatusBarTintEnabled;
private boolean mNavBarTintEnabled;
private View mStatusBarTintView;
private View mNavBarTintView;


/**
* Constructor. Call this in the host activity onCreate method after its
* content view has been set. You should always create new instances when
* the host activity is recreated.
* 
* @param activity
*            The host activity.
*/
@TargetApi(19)
public SystemBarTintManager(Activity activity) {


Window win = activity.getWindow();
ViewGroup decorViewGroup = (ViewGroup) win.getDecorView();


if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
// check theme attrs
int[] attrs = { android.R.attr.windowTranslucentStatus,
android.R.attr.windowTranslucentNavigation };
TypedArray a = activity.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs);
try {
mStatusBarAvailable = a.getBoolean(0, false);
mNavBarAvailable = a.getBoolean(1, false);
} finally {
a.recycle();
}


// check window flags
WindowManager.LayoutParams winParams = win.getAttributes();
int bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS;
if ((winParams.flags & bits) != 0) {
mStatusBarAvailable = true;
}
bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION;
if ((winParams.flags & bits) != 0) {
mNavBarAvailable = true;
}
}


mConfig = new SystemBarConfig(activity, mStatusBarAvailable,
mNavBarAvailable);
// device might not have virtual navigation keys
if (!mConfig.hasNavigtionBar()) {
mNavBarAvailable = false;
}


if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
setupStatusBarView(activity, decorViewGroup);
}
if (mNavBarAvailable) {
setupNavBarView(activity, decorViewGroup);
}


}


/**
* Enable tinting of the system status bar.
* 
* If the platform is running Jelly Bean or earlier, or translucent system
* UI modes have not been enabled in either the theme or via window flags,
* then this method does nothing.
* 
* @param enabled
*            True to enable tinting, false to disable it (default).
*/
public void setStatusBarTintEnabled(boolean enabled) {
mStatusBarTintEnabled = enabled;
if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
mStatusBarTintView
.setVisibility(enabled ? View.VISIBLE : View.GONE);
}
}


/**
* Enable tinting of the system navigation bar.
* 
* If the platform does not have soft navigation keys, is running Jelly Bean
* or earlier, or translucent system UI modes have not been enabled in
* either the theme or via window flags, then this method does nothing.
* 
* @param enabled
*            True to enable tinting, false to disable it (default).
*/
public void setNavigationBarTintEnabled(boolean enabled) {
mNavBarTintEnabled = enabled;
if (mNavBarAvailable) {
mNavBarTintView.setVisibility(enabled ? View.VISIBLE : View.GONE);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified color tint to all system UI bars.
* 
* @param color
*            The color of the background tint.
*/
public void setTintColor(int color) {
setStatusBarTintColor(color);
setNavigationBarTintColor(color);
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable or color resource to all system UI bars.
* 
* @param res
*            The identifier of the resource.
*/
public void setTintResource(int res) {
setStatusBarTintResource(res);
setNavigationBarTintResource(res);
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable to all system UI bars.
* 
* @param drawable
*            The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
*/
public void setTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
setStatusBarTintDrawable(drawable);
setNavigationBarTintDrawable(drawable);
}


/**
* Apply the specified alpha to all system UI bars.
* 
* @param alpha
*            The alpha to use
*/
public void setTintAlpha(float alpha) {
setStatusBarAlpha(alpha);
setNavigationBarAlpha(alpha);
}


/**
* Apply the specified color tint to the system status bar.
* 
* @param color
*            The color of the background tint.
*/
public void setStatusBarTintColor(int color) {
if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(color);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable or color resource to the system status bar.
* 
* @param res
*            The identifier of the resource.
*/
public void setStatusBarTintResource(int res) {
if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundResource(res);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable to the system status bar.
* 
* @param drawable
*            The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
*/
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public void setStatusBarTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundDrawable(drawable);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified alpha to the system status bar.
* 
* @param alpha
*            The alpha to use
*/
@TargetApi(11)
public void setStatusBarAlpha(float alpha) {
if (mStatusBarAvailable
&& Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
mStatusBarTintView.setAlpha(alpha);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified color tint to the system navigation bar.
* 
* @param color
*            The color of the background tint.
*/
public void setNavigationBarTintColor(int color) {
if (mNavBarAvailable) {
mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(color);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable or color resource to the system navigation
* bar.
* 
* @param res
*            The identifier of the resource.
*/
public void setNavigationBarTintResource(int res) {
if (mNavBarAvailable) {
mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundResource(res);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified drawable to the system navigation bar.
* 
* @param drawable
*            The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
*/
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public void setNavigationBarTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
if (mNavBarAvailable) {
mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundDrawable(drawable);
}
}


/**
* Apply the specified alpha to the system navigation bar.
* 
* @param alpha
*            The alpha to use
*/
@TargetApi(11)
public void setNavigationBarAlpha(float alpha) {
if (mNavBarAvailable
&& Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
mNavBarTintView.setAlpha(alpha);
}
}


/**
* Get the system bar configuration.
* 
* @return The system bar configuration for the current device
*         configuration.
*/
public SystemBarConfig getConfig() {
return mConfig;
}


/**
* Is tinting enabled for the system status bar?
* 
* @return True if enabled, False otherwise.
*/
public boolean isStatusBarTintEnabled() {
return mStatusBarTintEnabled;
}


/**
* Is tinting enabled for the system navigation bar?
* 
* @return True if enabled, False otherwise.
*/
public boolean isNavBarTintEnabled() {
return mNavBarTintEnabled;
}


private void setupStatusBarView(Context context, ViewGroup decorViewGroup) {
mStatusBarTintView = new View(context);
LayoutParams params = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT,
mConfig.getStatusBarHeight());
params.gravity = Gravity.TOP;
if (mNavBarAvailable && !mConfig.isNavigationAtBottom()) {
params.rightMargin = mConfig.getNavigationBarWidth();
}
mStatusBarTintView.setLayoutParams(params);
mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR);
mStatusBarTintView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
decorViewGroup.addView(mStatusBarTintView);
}


private void setupNavBarView(Context context, ViewGroup decorViewGroup) {
mNavBarTintView = new View(context);
LayoutParams params;
if (mConfig.isNavigationAtBottom()) {
params = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT,
mConfig.getNavigationBarHeight());
params.gravity = Gravity.BOTTOM;
} else {
params = new LayoutParams(mConfig.getNavigationBarWidth(),
LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
params.gravity = Gravity.RIGHT;
}
mNavBarTintView.setLayoutParams(params);
mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR);
mNavBarTintView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
decorViewGroup.addView(mNavBarTintView);
}


/**
* Class which describes system bar sizing and other characteristics for the
* current device configuration.
* 
*/
public static class SystemBarConfig {


private static final String STATUS_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME = "status_bar_height";
private static final String NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_height";
private static final String NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_LANDSCAPE_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_height_landscape";
private static final String NAV_BAR_WIDTH_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_width";
private static final String SHOW_NAV_BAR_RES_NAME = "config_showNavigationBar";


private final boolean mTranslucentStatusBar;
private final boolean mTranslucentNavBar;
private final int mStatusBarHeight;
private final int mActionBarHeight;
private final boolean mHasNavigationBar;
private final int mNavigationBarHeight;
private final int mNavigationBarWidth;
private final boolean mInPortrait;
private final float mSmallestWidthDp;


private SystemBarConfig(Activity activity,
boolean translucentStatusBar, boolean traslucentNavBar) {
Resources res = activity.getResources();
mInPortrait = (res.getConfiguration().orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT);
mSmallestWidthDp = getSmallestWidthDp(activity);
mStatusBarHeight = getInternalDimensionSize(res,
STATUS_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME);
mActionBarHeight = getActionBarHeight(activity);
mNavigationBarHeight = getNavigationBarHeight(activity);
mNavigationBarWidth = getNavigationBarWidth(activity);
mHasNavigationBar = (mNavigationBarHeight > 0);
mTranslucentStatusBar = translucentStatusBar;
mTranslucentNavBar = traslucentNavBar;
}


@TargetApi(14)
private int getActionBarHeight(Context context) {
int result = 0;
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
TypedValue tv = new TypedValue();
context.getTheme().resolveAttribute(
android.R.attr.actionBarSize, tv, true);
result = TypedValue.complexToDimensionPixelSize(tv.data,
context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
}
return result;
}


@TargetApi(14)
private int getNavigationBarHeight(Context context) {
Resources res = context.getResources();
int result = 0;
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
if (hasNavBar(context)) {
String key;
if (mInPortrait) {
key = NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME;
} else {
key = NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_LANDSCAPE_RES_NAME;
}
return getInternalDimensionSize(res, key);
}
}
return result;
}


@TargetApi(14)
private int getNavigationBarWidth(Context context) {
Resources res = context.getResources();
int result = 0;
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
if (hasNavBar(context)) {
return getInternalDimensionSize(res, NAV_BAR_WIDTH_RES_NAME);
}
}
return result;
}


@TargetApi(14)
private boolean hasNavBar(Context context) {
Resources res = context.getResources();
int resourceId = res.getIdentifier(SHOW_NAV_BAR_RES_NAME, "bool",
"android");
if (resourceId != 0) {
boolean hasNav = res.getBoolean(resourceId);
// check override flag (see static block)
if ("1".equals(sNavBarOverride)) {
hasNav = false;
} else if ("0".equals(sNavBarOverride)) {
hasNav = true;
}
return hasNav;
} else { // fallback
return !ViewConfiguration.get(context).hasPermanentMenuKey();
}
}


private int getInternalDimensionSize(Resources res, String key) {
int result = 0;
int resourceId = res.getIdentifier(key, "dimen", "android");
if (resourceId > 0) {
result = res.getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
}
return result;
}


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
private float getSmallestWidthDp(Activity activity) {
DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay()
.getRealMetrics(metrics);
} else {
// TODO this is not correct, but we don't really care pre-kitkat
activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay()
.getMetrics(metrics);
}
float widthDp = metrics.widthPixels / metrics.density;
float heightDp = metrics.heightPixels / metrics.density;
return Math.min(widthDp, heightDp);
}


/**
* Should a navigation bar appear at the bottom of the screen in the
* current device configuration? A navigation bar may appear on the
* right side of the screen in certain configurations.
* 
* @return True if navigation should appear at the bottom of the screen,
*         False otherwise.
*/
public boolean isNavigationAtBottom() {
return (mSmallestWidthDp >= 600 || mInPortrait);
}


/**
* Get the height of the system status bar.
* 
* @return The height of the status bar (in pixels).
*/
public int getStatusBarHeight() {
return mStatusBarHeight;
}


/**
* Get the height of the action bar.
* 
* @return The height of the action bar (in pixels).
*/
public int getActionBarHeight() {
return mActionBarHeight;
}


/**
* Does this device have a system navigation bar?
* 
* @return True if this device uses soft key navigation, False
*         otherwise.
*/
public boolean hasNavigtionBar() {
return mHasNavigationBar;
}


/**
* Get the height of the system navigation bar.
* 
* @return The height of the navigation bar (in pixels). If the device
*         does not have soft navigation keys, this will always return
*         0.
*/
public int getNavigationBarHeight() {
return mNavigationBarHeight;
}


/**
* Get the width of the system navigation bar when it is placed
* vertically on the screen.
* 
* @return The width of the navigation bar (in pixels). If the device
*         does not have soft navigation keys, this will always return
*         0.
*/
public int getNavigationBarWidth() {
return mNavigationBarWidth;
}


/**
* Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the top of the
* screen.
* 
* @param withActionBar
*            True to include the height of the action bar, False
*            otherwise.
* @return The layout inset (in pixels).
*/
public int getPixelInsetTop(boolean withActionBar) {
return (mTranslucentStatusBar ? mStatusBarHeight : 0)
+ (withActionBar ? mActionBarHeight : 0);
}


/**
* Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the bottom of
* the screen.
* 
* @return The layout inset (in pixels).
*/
public int getPixelInsetBottom() {
if (mTranslucentNavBar && isNavigationAtBottom()) {
return mNavigationBarHeight;
} else {
return 0;
}
}


/**
* Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the right of
* the screen.
* 
* @return The layout inset (in pixels).
*/
public int getPixelInsetRight() {
if (mTranslucentNavBar && !isNavigationAtBottom()) {
return mNavigationBarWidth;
} else {
return 0;
}
}


}
}




5、如有什么不明白可以和我讨论。效果图如下:


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