# Java排序算法和二分查找

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package Bean;

public class Sort {

static int nElement = 0;
int[] arr;

public Sort(int max) {
arr = new int[max];
}

public void insert(int a) {
arr[nElement] = a;
nElement++;
}

// 冒泡排序
public void bubbleSort() {
int out, i;
for (out = nElement - 1; out > 1; out--) {
for (i = 0; i < out; i++) {
if (arr[i] > arr[i + 1]) {
swap(i, i + 1);
}
}

}
}

// 选择排序
public void selectSort() {
int in, out;
for (out = 0; out < nElement - 1; out++) {
for (in = out + 1; in < nElement; in++) {
if (arr[in] < arr[out]) {
swap(in, out);
}
}
}
}

// 插入排序
public void insertSort() {
for (int i = 1; i < nElement; i++) {
int imterval = arr[i];
int index = i - 1;

while (index >= 0 && arr[index] > imterval) {
arr[index + 1] = arr[index];
index--;
}
arr[index + 1] = imterval;
}
}

// 快速排序
public void quickSort() {
recQuickSort(0, nElement - 1);

}

public void recQuickSort(int left, int right) {
int size = right - left +1;
if (size <= 3) {
manualSort(left, right);
} else {
int median = medianGet(left, right);
int partition = partitionIt(left, right, median);
recQuickSort(0, partition - 1);
recQuickSort(partition, right);
}

}

public int partitionIt(int left, int right, int median) {
int leftPtr = left;
int rightPtr = right - 1;
while (true) {
while (arr[++leftPtr] < median)
;
while (arr[--rightPtr] > median)
;
if (leftPtr >= rightPtr) {
break;
} else {
swap(leftPtr, rightPtr);
}
}
return leftPtr;
}

public void manualSort(int left, int right) {
int size = right - left +1;
if (size == 1)
return;
if (size == 2) {
if (arr[left] > arr[right]) {
swap(left, right);
}
return;
} else {
if (arr[left] > arr[right - 1]) {
swap(left, right - 1);
}
if (arr[left] > arr[right]) {
swap(left, right);
}
if (arr[right - 1] > arr[right]) {
swap(right - 1, right);
}
}
}

public int medianGet(int left, int right) {
int center = (left + right) / 2;
if (arr[left] > arr[center]) {
swap(left, center);
}
if (arr[left] > arr[right]) {
swap(left, right);
}
if (arr[center] > arr[right]) {
swap(center, right);
}
swap(center, right);
return arr[right];
}

// 希尔排序
public void shellSort(){
int h = 1;
int in, out;
while(h <= nElement/3){
h = h*3 + 1;
}
while(h > 0){
for (out = h; out < nElement; out++){
int temp = arr[out];
in = out;
while(in > h - 1 && arr[in - h] > temp){
arr[in] = arr[in - h];
in = in - h;
}
arr[in] = temp;
}
h = (h - 1)/3;
}
}

// 二分查找
public int binSearch(int start,int end, int key){
int mid = (end - start) / 2 + start;
if(arr[mid] == key)return mid;
if(arr[mid] > key){
return binSearch(start, mid, key);
} else if(arr[mid] < key){
return binSearch(mid, end, key);
}
return 0;
}

// 汉诺塔
public static void doTower(int nDisk,char from, char inter, char to){
if(nDisk == 1){
System.out.println("Disk 1 from " + from  + " to: " + to);
}else {
doTower(nDisk - 1, from, to, inter);
System.out.println("Disk " + nDisk + " from " + from  + " to: " + to);
doTower(nDisk - 1, inter, from, to);
}
}

// 归并排序
public void mergeSort(){
int[] workArr = new int[nElement];
recMergeSort(workArr,0, nElement - 1);
}

public void recMergeSort(int[] workArr, int low, int high){
if(low == high){
return;
} else {
int mid = (high + low)/2;
recMergeSort(workArr, low, mid);
recMergeSort(workArr, mid + 1 , high);
merge(workArr, low, mid + 1, high);
}
}

public void merge(int[] workArr, int low, int high, int upper){
int mid = high - 1;
int j = 0;
int lowBound = low;
int n = upper - lowBound + 1;
while(low <= mid && high <= upper){
if(arr[low] < arr[high]){
workArr[j++] = arr[low++];
} else{
workArr[j++] = arr[high++];
}
}
while(low <= mid){
workArr[j++] = arr[low++];
}
while(high <= upper){
workArr[j++] = arr[high++];
}
for(j = 0; j < n; j++){
arr[lowBound+j] = workArr[j];
}
}

public void swap(int i, int j) {
int temp = arr[i];
arr[i] = arr[j];
arr[j] = temp;
}

public void displace() {
for (int i = 0; i < nElement; i++) {
System.out.print(arr[i] + " ");
}
}

public static void main(String args[]) {
Sort sort = new Sort(7);
sort.insert(24);
sort.insert(3);
sort.insert(18);
sort.insert(11);
sort.insert(65);
sort.insert(5);
sort.insert(29);

sort.mergeSort();
//		int src = sort.binSearch(0, nElement, 11);
//		System.out.println(src);
sort.displace();
//		doTower(3, 'A', 'B', 'C');
}
}


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