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rpmbuild命令使用

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Usage: rpmbuild [OPTION...]
*使用命令:rpmbuild ·[OPTION]
Build options with [ <specfile> | <tarball> | <source package> ]:
*建立包的选项有:[ 从文件<specfile>建立 |从 <tarball>包建立 |从 <source package>包建立]
*从文件<specfile>建立

  -bp      build through %prep (unpack sources and apply patches) from <specfile>
              * -bp 从<specfile>文件的%prep段开始建立(解开源码包并打补丁)
  -bc      build through %build (%prep, then compile) from <specfile>
              *-bc 从<specfile>文件的%build
  -bi       build through %install (%prep, %build, then install) from <specfile>

  -bl       verify %files section from <specfile>
              *检查<specfile>文件的%files段
  -ba      build source and binary packages from <specfile>
              *建立源码和二进制包
  -bb      build binary package only from <specfile>
              *只建立二进制包
  -bs      build source package only from <specfile>
              *只建立源码包

*从 <tarball>包建立

  -tp      build through %prep (unpack sources and apply patches) from <tarball>

  -tc      build through %build (%prep, then compile) from <tarball>

  -ti       build through %install (%prep, %build, then install) from <tarball>

  -ta      build source and binary packages from <tarball>
             *建立源码和二进制包
  -tb      build binary package only from <tarball>
             *只建立二进制包
  -ts      build source package only from <tarball>
             *只建立源码包

*从 <source package>包建立

  --rebuild  
            build binary package from <source package>
             *建立二进制包
  --recompile
           build through %install (%prep, %build, then install) from <source package>


*rpmbuild的其他使用项

  --buildroot=DIRECTORY  override build root
                                          *确定以root目录建立包
  --clean                           remove build tree when done
                                          *完成打包后清除BUILD下的文件目录
  --nobuild                       do not execute any stages of the build
                                          *不进行BUILD的阶段
  --nodeps                       do not verify build dependencies
                                          *不检查建立包时的关联文件
  --nodirtokens 
         generate package header(s) compatible with (legacy) rpm[23] packaging

  --rmsource                   remove sources when done
                                       *完成打包后清除sources
  --rmspec                      remove specfile when done
                                       *完成打包后清除specfile
  --short-circuit              skip straight to specified stage (only for c,i)
                                      *跳过
  --target=CPU-VENDOR-OS       
         override target platform
             *确定包的最终使用平台

Common options for all rpm modes:
*所有rpm都可使用的选项

  -D, --define='MACRO EXPR'     define MACRO with value EXPR
                                               *预定义
  -E, --eval='EXPR'          print macro expansion of EXPR
                                         *显示大量EXPR扩展信息
  --macros=<FILE:...>    read <FILE:...> instead of default file(s)
                                         *读<FILE:...>文件代替默认文件
  --nodigest                   don't verify package digest(s)
                                         *不检查包的说明信息
  --nosignature              don't verify package signature(s)
                                        *不检查包的签名信息
  --rcfile=<FILE:...>        read <FILE:...> instead of default file(s)
                                        *读<FILE:...>文件代替默认文件
  -r, --root=ROOT           use ROOT as top level directory (default: "/")
                                        *使ROOT为最高级别的路径
  --querytags                 display known query tags
                                       *显示已知的有疑问的地方
  --showrc                      display final rpmrc and macro configuration
                                        *显示最终的配置信息
  --quiet                         provide less detailed output
                                        *提供少量的信息
  -v, --verbose               provide more detailed output
                                        * 提供大量的详细的信息
  --version                     print the version of rpm being used
                                        *显示rpm包的版本

Options implemented via popt alias/exec:
*附加选项

  --dbpath=DIRECTORY   use database in DIRECTORY
                                         
  --with=<option>          enable configure <option> for build
                                         *建立时允许配置的选项
  --without=<option>     disable configure <option> for build
                                        *建立时不允许配置的选项

Help options:
*帮助选项

  -?, --help                    Show this help message
                                   * 显示帮助信息
  --usage                       Display brief usage message
                                   *显示使用方法的信息

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