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从Directshow转向 Media Foundation

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对比Media Foundation 和DirectShow

         我们已经跨入了对高清数字媒体时代。未来的数字高清将无处不在。但是他非常需要健壮的保护,而这是当前的数字媒体平台所不具备的。Media Fundation就是为了这个而存在。
        让我们审视高清数字,这个平台需要很有弹性,便于从小故障下恢复。需要考虑大量的不同品质的video 和audio.Media Foundation就是为了这个而存在。比如,支持下一代的HD技术:
  1:DirectX 视频加速(DXVA) 2.0提供了比DXVA1.0更高效率的视频加速,更稳定,最新的视频解码能力,和扩展的硬件视频加速。在DXVA2.0下,windows可以直接处理某些高清内容,并容易错误恢复。
2:Color-space能得以保存在整个视频处理流程中,所以中途可以无转换损失,用户可以享受到高逼真的画质。这个也能减少CPU等消耗。
3:增强的视频渲染器(enchanced video render EVR)增强了视频处理和时钟等。

        让我们研究一下文件保护,在用户购买了一部电影之后,他可以把电影传到他的某个设备上(一些设备支持直接在播放的时候录制),这个过程中会有多种保护模式,购买后的使用保护,播放时防录制保护,复制保护,如果某一个保护没有正确完成,就会使整套保护没有了意义。所以这需要有一个无缝的平台去相互协作。Media Foundation就是为了这个而存在。
        最后,让我们来总览一下DirectShow. DirectShow的API对这些数字高清媒体的应用程序确实是非常通用的,万能的,但是,DirectShow作为一个10多年的老技术而言已经力不从心了。比如:
   1:流程是静态static的,所以实现动态的Graph和Major format change是非常困难的。
  2:DirectShow filter的线程模型是非常复杂的,要完全理解并永不出错是太困难了。
  3:DirectShow filter只能用于DirectShow。
  4:DirectShow不支持文件保护。
  作为DirectShow的接替者,Media Foundation出现了,他不会马上替代DirectShow,作为第一步,他将在vista上慢慢展露他的影响。
  但是目前为止,Media Foundation只能在媒体保护(Proteced media process))方面大施手脚,还未向DirectShow进行足够的扩展和替代。


Appendix: Feature Comparisons

The following table compares the features of Media Foundation with those of DirectShow.

Feature
group
Feature Media
Foundation
DirectShow
Basic functionality Audio and video rendering Yes Yes
  Event notification Yes Yes
  Device enumeration No Yes
  Component enumeration Yes Yes
  Synchronization to reference clock Yes Yes
  Seeking Yes Yes
  Improved stress resilience Yes No
Content protection Component validation Yes No
  Content protection policy negotiation Yes No
  Interoperability between content protection technologies Yes No
  Protection against kernel-mode and user-mode threats Yes No
  Component revocation and renewal Yes No
  Video output protection management Yes Yes
Media tasks Audio capture No Yes
  Video capture No Yes
  Video editing No Yes
  DVD playback and navigation No Yes
  MPEG-2 support No Yes
  ASF support No Yes
  TV technologies No Yes
  Stream buffer engine No Yes
  Encoder API No Yes
Video renderer Substream mixing using per-pixel or planar alpha blending Yes Yes
  Customizable video composition No Yes
  Support for custom presenters Yes Yes
  Windowless rendering Yes Yes
  Multimonitor support Yes Yes
  DXVA Yes Yes
  DirectDraw exclusive mode Yes Yes
  Backward compatibility with existing applications Yes Yes
  Accurate frame stepping Yes Yes
  Alpha blending of image data Yes Yes
  Glitch resilience Yes No
  Enhanced video fidelity Yes No
  Enhanced content protection robustness Yes No
  Standalone use Yes No
  Standalone mixing component Yes No
Transforms (MFT or DMO) Synchronous data processing Yes Yes
  Simple programming model Yes Yes
  Standalone use Yes Yes
  Multiple inputs and multiple outputs Yes Yes
  Dynamic number of streams Yes No
  Access to sample-level metadata Yes No
  In-place processing Yes Yes
  Dynamic format changes Yes No
  Quality adjustment Yes No
  Rate change Yes No

The following table compares the features of Media Foundation with those of the Windows Media Format SDK.

Feature
group
Feature Media
Foundation
Format SDK
ASF file features Audio and video streams Yes Yes
  Image streams No Yes
  Arbitrary streams (text, file, Web, custom data) No Yes
  Script commands No Yes
  Data unit extensions Yes Yes
  SMPTE time code support No Yes
  Mutual exclusion Yes Yes
  Stream prioritization Yes Yes
  Bandwidth sharing No Yes
  Indexes Yes Yes
  Markers Yes Yes
  Multiple bit rate stream Yes Yes
  Multiple language support Yes Yes
Codec features CBR encoding Yes Yes
  VBR encoding Yes Yes
  Two-pass encoding Yes Yes
  High-resolution audio support Yes Yes
  Low delay audio Yes Yes
  S/PDIF audio output Yes Yes
  Video image Yes Yes
  Device conformance template Yes Yes
  Video complexity settings Yes Yes
  Frame interpolation Yes Yes
  DirectX Video Acceleration Yes Yes
File writing Video resizing Yes Yes
  Color space conversion Yes Yes
  Audio resampling Yes Yes
  ASF file sink Yes Yes
  Network sinks No Yes
  Push sinks No Yes
  Watermarking support No Yes
  Input formats, input settings, and data unit extensions Yes Yes
  WMA smart recompression No Yes
  Multichannel audio Yes Yes
File reading User-allocated sample support No Yes
  Synchronous reading No Yes
  Output format enumeration Yes Yes
  Multichannel audio Yes Yes
  MP3 support Yes Yes
  Network sources Yes Yes
Metadata ID3 support No Yes
  Custom metadata Yes Yes
Digital rights management Live DRM No Yes
  DRM Individualization Yes Yes
  Back up and restore DRM licenses Yes Yes
  View DRM attributes in the Metadata Editor Yes Yes
  Output protection levels Yes Yes
  License revocation Yes Yes
  Windows Media DRM for Network Devices Yes Yes
  Secure Audio Path No Yes
  Playlist burning Yes Yes
  Third-party transcription support Yes No
  Local license issuance Yes No
  Enhanced Windows Media DRM renewability Yes No

本文来自  http://www.cnitblog.com/vcommon/archive/2007/04/29/26384.html

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