Of Study - Francis Bacon

原创 2013年12月05日 17:03:54
Of Study

Francis Bacon 弗朗西斯·培根

Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse;and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business.

For expert and execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best form those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgement wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.

They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience.
Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them;for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation.

Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts;others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are,like common distilled waters, flashy things.

Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man.And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know that he doth not.
Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in morse.

Nay there is no stand or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies: like as diseases of the body may have appropriate exercises.Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast;gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt.

论读书 (王佐良 译)










版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 举报


poj 2139Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon

Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K Total Submissi...

【图论floyd】 poj 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon

/*奶牛演电影,演同一部电影的奶牛距离为一,求一个到所有奶牛距离和最小的 奶牛,结果为ans*100/(n-1) n为奶牛数,m为电影数 每行第一个数为参演这部电影的奶牛数 */ #inclu...



POJ2139-Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon

题目:POJ2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K ...

poj 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon 图论 Floyd最短路


poj 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon (Floyd 算法)

题:http://poj.org/problem?id=2139 任意两点之间的最短路径问题: #include #include using namespace std; const int...

POJ2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon

题目来源:http://poj.org/problem?id=2139 题意:有N只牛,在同一部电影Mi里的Ni只牛它们之间的距离为1,当两只牛不在同一部电影里,有第三只牛分别在那两只牛拍的电影里,...

Poj 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon (floyd最短路)

Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 65536K ...

POJ 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon Floyd最短路

POJ2139 Description The cows havebeen making movies lately, so they are ready to play a variant of...

POJ 2139 Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon【floyd】

Six Degrees of Cowvin Bacon Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K To...