[转]软件测试工程师面试问题

转载 2006年06月05日 14:48:00

或许你正需要面试软件测试工程师,或许你准备去应聘软件测试工程师,以下是一些可能注意的问题——

  • 有什么原因让你参与到测试和质量管理中来?
  • 什么是测试生命周期,解释一下它的各个阶段?
  • 测试和质量保证有什么不同?
  • 什么是Negative测试?
  • 在之前做测试的过程总遇到过哪些问题?你是如何解决的?
  • 你是如何给你的测试和质量保证团队力量的?
  • 你是如何定义质量管理的?
  • 你最喜欢测试和质量管理什么地方?
  • 你最不喜欢什么地方?
  • 什么是瀑布式开发方法,你是否认同所有的步骤?
  • 什么是V-模式开发方法,你是否认同这个模型?
  • 什么是CMM?你工作过的公司的级别是怎么样的?
  • 什么才算好的测试人员?

    更多问题,可以查看以下内容:

    1. Could you tell me two things you did in your previous assignment (QA/Testing related hopefully) that you are proud of?
    2. List 5 words that best describe your strengths.
    3. What are two of your weaknesses?
    4. What methodologies have you used to develop test cases?
    5. In an application currently in production, one module of code is being modified. Is it necessary to re- test the whole application or is it enough to just test functionality associated with that module?
    6. Define each of the following and explain how each relates to the other: Unit, System, and Integration testing.
    7. Define Verification and Validation. Explain the differences between the two.
    8. Explain the differences between White-box, Gray-box, and Black-box testing.
    9. How do you go about going into a new organization? How do you assimilate?
    10. Define the following and explain their usefulness: Change Management, Configuration Management, Version Control, and Defect Tracking.
    11. What is ISO 9000? Have you ever been in an ISO shop?
    12. When are you done testing?
    13. What is the difference between a test strategy and a test plan?
    14. What is ISO 9003? Why is it important
    15. What are ISO standards? Why are they important?
    16. What is IEEE 829? (This standard is important for Software Test Documentation-Why?)
    17. What is IEEE? Why is it important?
    18. Do you support automated testing? Why?
    19. We have a testing assignment that is time-driven. Do you think automated tests are the best solution?
    20. What is your experience with change control? Our development team has only 10 members. Do you think managing change is such a big deal for us?
    21. Are reusable test cases a big plus of automated testing and explain why.
    22. Can you build a good audit trail using Compuware's QACenter products. Explain why.
    23. How important is Change Management in today's computing environments?
    24. Do you think tools are required for managing change. Explain and please list some tools/practices which can help you managing change.
    25. We believe in ad-hoc software processes for projects. Do you agree with this? Please explain your answer.
    26. When is a good time for system testing?
    27. Are regression tests required or do you feel there is a better use for resources?
    28. Our software designers use UML for modeling applications. Based on their use cases, we would like to plan a test strategy. Do you agree with this approach or would this mean more effort for the testers.
    29. Tell me about a difficult time you had at work and how you worked through it.
    30. Give me an example of something you tried at work but did not work out so you had to go at things another way.
    31. How can one file compare future dated output files from a program which has change, against the baseline run which used current date for input. The client does not want to mask dates on the output files to allow compares. - Answer-Rerun baseline and future date input files same # of days as future dated run of program with change. Now run a file compare against the baseline future dated output and the changed programs' future dated output.

    Interviewing Suggestions

    1. If you do not recognize a term ask for further definition. You may know the methodology/term but you have used a different name for it.
    2. Always keep in mind that the employer wants to know what you are going to do for them, with that you should always stay/be positive.

    Preinterview Questions

    1. What is the structure of the company?
    2. Who is going to do the interview-possible background information of interviewer?
    3. What is the employer's environment (platforms, tools, etc.)?
    4. What are the employer's methods and processes used in software arena?
    5. What is the employer's philosophy?
    6. What is the project all about you are interviewing for-as much information as possible.
    7. Any terminologies that the company may use.

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