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1099. Build A Binary Search Tree (30)

标签: PAT二叉排序树层次遍历BFS中序遍历
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A Binary Search Tree (BST) is recursively defined as a binary tree which has the following properties:

The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than or equal to the node's key.
Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
Given the structure of a binary tree and a sequence of distinct integer keys, there is only one way to fill these keys into the tree so that the resulting tree satisfies the definition of a BST. You are supposed to output the level order traversal sequence of that tree. 


Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<=100) which is the total number of nodes in the tree. The next N lines each contains the left and the right children of a node in the format "left_index right_index", provided that the nodes are numbered from 0 to N-1, and 0 is always the root. If one child is missing, then -1 will represent the NULL child pointer. Finally N distinct integer keys are given in the last line.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the level order traversal sequence of that tree. All the numbers must be separated by a space, with no extra space at the end of the line.

IDEA

1.二叉排序树的中序遍历(左根右)序列的值是从小到大排列的

2.用到 

#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
#endif

#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
fclose(stdin);
#endif

3.先进行中序遍历,根据该节点值在全节点中的大小位置,映射到data数组中,确定其值

4.然后进行层序遍历(用queue),输出值


CODE

//二叉排序树的中序遍历(左根右)序列的值是从小到大的序列 
#include<iostream>
#include<vector> 
#include<queue>
#include<algorithm>
#include<fstream>
using namespace std;
#define MAX 101
struct Node{
	int data;
	int left,right;
};
Node tree[MAX];
int data[MAX];
void InOrder(int root){
	static int index=0;
	if(root==-1){
		return;
	}
	InOrder(tree[root].left);//左 
	tree[root].data=data[index++];//根 
	//cout<<tree[root].data<<"_";
	InOrder(tree[root].right);//右 
}
void LevelOrder(int root,vector<int> &seq){
	queue<int> que;
	que.push(root);
	while(!que.empty()){
		int tmp=que.front();
		que.pop();
		seq.push_back(tree[tmp].data);
		if(tree[tmp].left!=-1){
			que.push(tree[tmp].left); 
		} 
		if(tree[tmp].right!=-1){
			que.push(tree[tmp].right); 
		} 
	}
}
int main(){
	#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
	freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
	#endif
	
	int n;
	cin>>n;
	for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
		cin>>tree[i].left>>tree[i].right;
		//cout<<tree[i].left<<" "<<tree[i].right<<endl;
	}
	
	for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
		cin>>data[i];
	}
	sort(data,data+n);//从小到大排序
	
	int root=0;
	InOrder(root);//中序遍历二叉排序数,确定节点数值的从小到大的顺序
	
	vector<int> result;
	LevelOrder(root,result);	 
	
	vector<int>::iterator it;
	for(it=result.begin();it!=result.end();it++){
		//cout<<*it<<"_";
		if(it==result.begin()){
			cout<<*it;
		}else{
			cout<<" "<<*it;
		}
	}
	#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
	fclose(stdin);
	#endif
	return 0;
}


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