1064. Complete Binary Search Tree (30)

85人阅读 评论(0)

A Binary Search Tree (BST) is recursively defined as a binary tree which has the following properties:

The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than or equal to the node's key.
Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
A Complete Binary Tree (CBT) is a tree that is completely filled, with the possible exception of the bottom level, which is filled from left to right.

Now given a sequence of distinct non-negative integer keys, a unique BST can be constructed if it is required that the tree must also be a CBT. You are supposed to output the level order traversal sequence of this BST.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains a positive integer N (<=1000). Then N distinct non-negative integer keys are given in the next line. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space and are no greater than 2000.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the level order traversal sequence of the corresponding complete binary search tree. All the numbers in a line must be separated by a space, and there must be no extra space at the end of the line.

Sample Input:
10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
Sample Output:

6 3 8 1 5 7 9 0 2 4

IDEA

1.完全二叉排序树，设每个节点序号为 i属于[0~n-1]，则其左孩子序号为2*i+1，右孩子为2*i+2

2.二次排序树进行中序遍历后，得到节点值排序是从小到大的序列

CODE

#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
#include<queue>
#include<algorithm>
#include<fstream>
using namespace std;
#define MAX 1001
struct Node{
int data;
int left,right;
};
Node tree[MAX];
int data[MAX];
int n;
void InOrder(int root){
static int index=0;
if(root>=n){
return;
}
InOrder(tree[root].left);
tree[root].data=data[index++];
//cout<<root<<" "<<tree[root].data<<endl;
InOrder(tree[root].right);
}
void LevelOrder(int root,vector<int> &seq){
queue<int> que;
que.push(root);
while(!que.empty()){
int tmp=que.front();
que.pop();
seq.push_back(tree[tmp].data);
if(tree[tmp].left<n){
que.push(tree[tmp].left);
}
if(tree[tmp].right<n){
que.push(tree[tmp].right);
}
}
}
int main(){
#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
freopen("input.txt","r",stdin);
#endif

cin>>n;
for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
cin>>data[i];
}
sort(data,data+n);

for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
tree[i].left=2*i+1;
tree[i].right=2*i+2;
}

int root=0;
InOrder(root);

vector<int> seq;
LevelOrder(root,seq);

vector<int>::iterator it;
for(it=seq.begin();it!=seq.end();it++){
if(it==seq.begin()){
cout<<*it;
}else{
cout<<" "<<*it;
}
}
#ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
fclose(stdin);
#endif

return 0;
}

0
0

* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点，不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
个人资料
• 访问：22279次
• 积分：2402
• 等级：
• 排名：第15506名
• 原创：230篇
• 转载：2篇
• 译文：0篇
• 评论：5条
阅读排行
评论排行
最新评论