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沉浸式状态栏(一)

标签: 自定义状态栏
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    我们知道IOS上的应用,状态栏的颜色总能与应用标题栏颜色保持一致,用户体验很不错,那安卓是否可以呢?若是在安卓4.4之前,答案是否定的,但在4.4之后,谷歌允许开发者自定义状态栏背景颜色啦,这是个不错的体验!若你手机上安装有最新版的qq,并且你的安卓SDK版本是4.4及以上,你可以看下它的效果:


实现此功能有两种方法:

1.在xml中设置主题或自定义style;

Theme.Holo.Light.NoActionBar.TranslucentDecor

Theme.Holo.NoActionBar.TranslucentDecor

<style name="AppTheme" parent="AppBaseTheme">
<!-- Status Bar -->
<item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
<!-- Navigation Bar -->
<item name="android:windowTranslucentNavigation">true</item>
</style>

鉴于市面上各种手机的SDK的各种版本,不建议采用这种方法;


2.在代码中控制;

可以首先创建一个BaseActivity,在onCreate方法中进行处理:

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {  
            setTranslucentStatus(true);  
            SystemBarTintManager tintManager = new SystemBarTintManager(this);  
            tintManager.setStatusBarTintEnabled(true);  
            tintManager.setStatusBarTintResource(R.color.top_bg_color);//通知栏所需颜色
        }  
		setContentView(R.layout.main_activity);
	}
	
	@TargetApi(19)   
    private void setTranslucentStatus(boolean on) {  
        Window win = getWindow();  
        WindowManager.LayoutParams winParams = win.getAttributes();  
        final int bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS;  
        if (on) {  
            winParams.flags |= bits;  
        } else {  
            winParams.flags &= ~bits;  
        }  
        win.setAttributes(winParams);  
    }


需注意的是, tintManager.setStatusBarTintResource(R.color.top_bg_color);这一步的颜色值(即把你的状态栏颜色与你的标题栏颜色保持一致)要写在color.xml中去,如果用Color.praseColor则会报错。

SystemBarTintManager.java源码:

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Configuration;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Build;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewConfiguration;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.FrameLayout.LayoutParams;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

/**
 * Class to manage status and navigation bar tint effects when using KitKat 
 * translucent system UI modes.
 *
 */
@SuppressWarnings({ "rawtypes", "unchecked" })
public class SystemBarTintManager {

    static {
        // Android allows a system property to override the presence of the navigation bar.
        // Used by the emulator.
        // See https://github.com/android/platform_frameworks_base/blob/master/policy/src/com/android/internal/policy/impl/PhoneWindowManager.java#L1076
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
            try {
                Class c = Class.forName("android.os.SystemProperties");
                Method m = c.getDeclaredMethod("get", String.class);
                m.setAccessible(true);
                sNavBarOverride = (String) m.invoke(null, "qemu.hw.mainkeys");
            } catch (Throwable e) {
                sNavBarOverride = null;
            }
        }
    }


    /**
     * The default system bar tint color value.
     */
    public static final int DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR = 0x99000000;

    private static String sNavBarOverride;

    private final SystemBarConfig mConfig;
    private boolean mStatusBarAvailable;
    private boolean mNavBarAvailable;
    private boolean mStatusBarTintEnabled;
    private boolean mNavBarTintEnabled;
    private View mStatusBarTintView;
    private View mNavBarTintView;

    /**
     * Constructor. Call this in the host activity onCreate method after its
     * content view has been set. You should always create new instances when
     * the host activity is recreated.
     *
     * @param activity The host activity.
     */
    @TargetApi(19)
    public SystemBarTintManager(Activity activity) {

        Window win = activity.getWindow();
        ViewGroup decorViewGroup = (ViewGroup) win.getDecorView();

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
            // check theme attrs
            int[] attrs = {android.R.attr.windowTranslucentStatus,
                    android.R.attr.windowTranslucentNavigation};
            TypedArray a = activity.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs);
            try {
                mStatusBarAvailable = a.getBoolean(0, false);
                mNavBarAvailable = a.getBoolean(1, false);
            } finally {
                a.recycle();
            }

            // check window flags
            WindowManager.LayoutParams winParams = win.getAttributes();
            int bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS;
            if ((winParams.flags & bits) != 0) {
                mStatusBarAvailable = true;
            }
            bits = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION;
            if ((winParams.flags & bits) != 0) {
                mNavBarAvailable = true;
            }
        }

        mConfig = new SystemBarConfig(activity, mStatusBarAvailable, mNavBarAvailable);
        // device might not have virtual navigation keys
        if (!mConfig.hasNavigtionBar()) {
            mNavBarAvailable = false;
        }

        if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
            setupStatusBarView(activity, decorViewGroup);
        }
        if (mNavBarAvailable) {
            setupNavBarView(activity, decorViewGroup);
        }

    }

    /**
     * Enable tinting of the system status bar.
     *
     * If the platform is running Jelly Bean or earlier, or translucent system
     * UI modes have not been enabled in either the theme or via window flags,
     * then this method does nothing.
     *
     * @param enabled True to enable tinting, false to disable it (default).
     */
    public void setStatusBarTintEnabled(boolean enabled) {
        mStatusBarTintEnabled = enabled;
        if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
            mStatusBarTintView.setVisibility(enabled ? View.VISIBLE : View.GONE);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Enable tinting of the system navigation bar.
     *
     * If the platform does not have soft navigation keys, is running Jelly Bean
     * or earlier, or translucent system UI modes have not been enabled in either
     * the theme or via window flags, then this method does nothing.
     *
     * @param enabled True to enable tinting, false to disable it (default).
     */
    public void setNavigationBarTintEnabled(boolean enabled) {
        mNavBarTintEnabled = enabled;
        if (mNavBarAvailable) {
            mNavBarTintView.setVisibility(enabled ? View.VISIBLE : View.GONE);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified color tint to all system UI bars.
     *
     * @param color The color of the background tint.
     */
    public void setTintColor(int color) {
        setStatusBarTintColor(color);
        setNavigationBarTintColor(color);
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable or color resource to all system UI bars.
     *
     * @param res The identifier of the resource.
     */
    public void setTintResource(int res) {
        setStatusBarTintResource(res);
        setNavigationBarTintResource(res);
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable to all system UI bars.
     *
     * @param drawable The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
     */
    public void setTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
        setStatusBarTintDrawable(drawable);
        setNavigationBarTintDrawable(drawable);
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified alpha to all system UI bars.
     *
     * @param alpha The alpha to use
     */
    public void setTintAlpha(float alpha) {
        setStatusBarAlpha(alpha);
        setNavigationBarAlpha(alpha);
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified color tint to the system status bar.
     *
     * @param color The color of the background tint.
     */
    public void setStatusBarTintColor(int color) {
        if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
            mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(color);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable or color resource to the system status bar.
     *
     * @param res The identifier of the resource.
     */
    public void setStatusBarTintResource(int res) {
        if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
            mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundResource(res);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable to the system status bar.
     *
     * @param drawable The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    public void setStatusBarTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
        if (mStatusBarAvailable) {
            mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundDrawable(drawable);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified alpha to the system status bar.
     *
     * @param alpha The alpha to use
     */
    @TargetApi(11)
    public void setStatusBarAlpha(float alpha) {
        if (mStatusBarAvailable && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
            mStatusBarTintView.setAlpha(alpha);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified color tint to the system navigation bar.
     *
     * @param color The color of the background tint.
     */
    public void setNavigationBarTintColor(int color) {
        if (mNavBarAvailable) {
            mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(color);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable or color resource to the system navigation bar.
     *
     * @param res The identifier of the resource.
     */
    public void setNavigationBarTintResource(int res) {
        if (mNavBarAvailable) {
            mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundResource(res);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified drawable to the system navigation bar.
     *
     * @param drawable The drawable to use as the background, or null to remove it.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    public void setNavigationBarTintDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
        if (mNavBarAvailable) {
            mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundDrawable(drawable);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Apply the specified alpha to the system navigation bar.
     *
     * @param alpha The alpha to use
     */
    @TargetApi(11)
    public void setNavigationBarAlpha(float alpha) {
        if (mNavBarAvailable && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
            mNavBarTintView.setAlpha(alpha);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the system bar configuration.
     *
     * @return The system bar configuration for the current device configuration.
     */
    public SystemBarConfig getConfig() {
        return mConfig;
    }

    /**
     * Is tinting enabled for the system status bar?
     *
     * @return True if enabled, False otherwise.
     */
    public boolean isStatusBarTintEnabled() {
        return mStatusBarTintEnabled;
    }

    /**
     * Is tinting enabled for the system navigation bar?
     *
     * @return True if enabled, False otherwise.
     */
    public boolean isNavBarTintEnabled() {
        return mNavBarTintEnabled;
    }

    private void setupStatusBarView(Context context, ViewGroup decorViewGroup) {
        mStatusBarTintView = new View(context);
        LayoutParams params = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, mConfig.getStatusBarHeight());
        params.gravity = Gravity.TOP;
        if (mNavBarAvailable && !mConfig.isNavigationAtBottom()) {
            params.rightMargin = mConfig.getNavigationBarWidth();
        }
        mStatusBarTintView.setLayoutParams(params);
        mStatusBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR);
        mStatusBarTintView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        decorViewGroup.addView(mStatusBarTintView);
    }

    private void setupNavBarView(Context context, ViewGroup decorViewGroup) {
        mNavBarTintView = new View(context);
        LayoutParams params;
        if (mConfig.isNavigationAtBottom()) {
            params = new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, mConfig.getNavigationBarHeight());
            params.gravity = Gravity.BOTTOM;
        } else {
            params = new LayoutParams(mConfig.getNavigationBarWidth(), LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
            params.gravity = Gravity.RIGHT;
        }
        mNavBarTintView.setLayoutParams(params);
        mNavBarTintView.setBackgroundColor(DEFAULT_TINT_COLOR);
        mNavBarTintView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        decorViewGroup.addView(mNavBarTintView);
    }

    /**
     * Class which describes system bar sizing and other characteristics for the current
     * device configuration.
     *
     */
    public static class SystemBarConfig {

        private static final String STATUS_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME = "status_bar_height";
        private static final String NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_height";
        private static final String NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_LANDSCAPE_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_height_landscape";
        private static final String NAV_BAR_WIDTH_RES_NAME = "navigation_bar_width";
        private static final String SHOW_NAV_BAR_RES_NAME = "config_showNavigationBar";

        private final boolean mTranslucentStatusBar;
        private final boolean mTranslucentNavBar;
        private final int mStatusBarHeight;
        private final int mActionBarHeight;
        private final boolean mHasNavigationBar;
        private final int mNavigationBarHeight;
        private final int mNavigationBarWidth;
        private final boolean mInPortrait;
        private final float mSmallestWidthDp;

        private SystemBarConfig(Activity activity, boolean translucentStatusBar, boolean traslucentNavBar) {
            Resources res = activity.getResources();
            mInPortrait = (res.getConfiguration().orientation == Configuration.ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT);
            mSmallestWidthDp = getSmallestWidthDp(activity);
            mStatusBarHeight = getInternalDimensionSize(res, STATUS_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME);
            mActionBarHeight = getActionBarHeight(activity);
            mNavigationBarHeight = getNavigationBarHeight(activity);
            mNavigationBarWidth = getNavigationBarWidth(activity);
            mHasNavigationBar = (mNavigationBarHeight > 0);
            mTranslucentStatusBar = translucentStatusBar;
            mTranslucentNavBar = traslucentNavBar;
        }

        @TargetApi(14)
        private int getActionBarHeight(Context context) {
            int result = 0;
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
                TypedValue tv = new TypedValue();
                context.getTheme().resolveAttribute(android.R.attr.actionBarSize, tv, true);
                result = TypedValue.complexToDimensionPixelSize(tv.data, context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
            }
            return result;
        }

        @TargetApi(14)
        private int getNavigationBarHeight(Context context) {
            Resources res = context.getResources();
            int result = 0;
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
                if (hasNavBar(context)) {
                    String key;
                    if (mInPortrait) {
                        key = NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_RES_NAME;
                    } else {
                        key = NAV_BAR_HEIGHT_LANDSCAPE_RES_NAME;
                    }
                    return getInternalDimensionSize(res, key);
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

        @TargetApi(14)
        private int getNavigationBarWidth(Context context) {
            Resources res = context.getResources();
            int result = 0;
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
                if (hasNavBar(context)) {
                    return getInternalDimensionSize(res, NAV_BAR_WIDTH_RES_NAME);
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

        @TargetApi(14)
        private boolean hasNavBar(Context context) {
            Resources res = context.getResources();
            int resourceId = res.getIdentifier(SHOW_NAV_BAR_RES_NAME, "bool", "android");
            if (resourceId != 0) {
                boolean hasNav = res.getBoolean(resourceId);
                // check override flag (see static block)
                if ("1".equals(sNavBarOverride)) {
                    hasNav = false;
                } else if ("0".equals(sNavBarOverride)) {
                    hasNav = true;
                }
                return hasNav;
            } else { // fallback
                return !ViewConfiguration.get(context).hasPermanentMenuKey();
            }
        }

        private int getInternalDimensionSize(Resources res, String key) {
            int result = 0;
            int resourceId = res.getIdentifier(key, "dimen", "android");
            if (resourceId > 0) {
                result = res.getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
            }
            return result;
        }

        @SuppressLint("NewApi")
        private float getSmallestWidthDp(Activity activity) {
            DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
                activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getRealMetrics(metrics);
            } else {
                // TODO this is not correct, but we don't really care pre-kitkat
                activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);
            }
            float widthDp = metrics.widthPixels / metrics.density;
            float heightDp = metrics.heightPixels / metrics.density;
            return Math.min(widthDp, heightDp);
        }

        /**
         * Should a navigation bar appear at the bottom of the screen in the current
         * device configuration? A navigation bar may appear on the right side of
         * the screen in certain configurations.
         *
         * @return True if navigation should appear at the bottom of the screen, False otherwise.
         */
        public boolean isNavigationAtBottom() {
            return (mSmallestWidthDp >= 600 || mInPortrait);
        }

        /**
         * Get the height of the system status bar.
         *
         * @return The height of the status bar (in pixels).
         */
        public int getStatusBarHeight() {
            return mStatusBarHeight;
        }

        /**
         * Get the height of the action bar.
         *
         * @return The height of the action bar (in pixels).
         */
        public int getActionBarHeight() {
            return mActionBarHeight;
        }

        /**
         * Does this device have a system navigation bar?
         *
         * @return True if this device uses soft key navigation, False otherwise.
         */
        public boolean hasNavigtionBar() {
            return mHasNavigationBar;
        }

        /**
         * Get the height of the system navigation bar.
         *
         * @return The height of the navigation bar (in pixels). If the device does not have
         * soft navigation keys, this will always return 0.
         */
        public int getNavigationBarHeight() {
            return mNavigationBarHeight;
        }

        /**
         * Get the width of the system navigation bar when it is placed vertically on the screen.
         *
         * @return The width of the navigation bar (in pixels). If the device does not have
         * soft navigation keys, this will always return 0.
         */
        public int getNavigationBarWidth() {
            return mNavigationBarWidth;
        }

        /**
         * Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the top of the screen.
         *
         * @param withActionBar True to include the height of the action bar, False otherwise.
         * @return The layout inset (in pixels).
         */
        public int getPixelInsetTop(boolean withActionBar) {
            return (mTranslucentStatusBar ? mStatusBarHeight : 0) + (withActionBar ? mActionBarHeight : 0);
        }

        /**
         * Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the bottom of the screen.
         *
         * @return The layout inset (in pixels).
         */
        public int getPixelInsetBottom() {
            if (mTranslucentNavBar && isNavigationAtBottom()) {
                return mNavigationBarHeight;
            } else {
                return 0;
            }
        }

        /**
         * Get the layout inset for any system UI that appears at the right of the screen.
         *
         * @return The layout inset (in pixels).
         */
        public int getPixelInsetRight() {
            if (mTranslucentNavBar && !isNavigationAtBottom()) {
                return mNavigationBarWidth;
            } else {
                return 0;
            }
        }

    }

}
引用自:https://github.com/jgilfelt/SystemBarTint

代码复制进你的项目即可,好了,这些工作完成之后我们来看下效果:


貌似已经达到效果了,但仔细观察,好像标题栏被提上去了,就是说APP界面全屏了,状态了盖在了APP上,恩,这并非我们想要的效果,那如何将界面从状态栏下部开始呢,只需要在Activity的布局文件最外层控件加上一个属性:

 android:fitsSystemWindows="true"就可以啦!看下效果:


OK,大功告成!


PS:在使用过程中发现了一些问题,使用以上方法对单个Activity有效,但是对继承了TabActivity的导航页怎么办呢?假如MainActivity继承了TabActivity,Tab1Activity、Tab2Activity、Tab3Activity是三个子项,那么设置状态栏的代码需写在MainActivity中,而 android:fitsSystemWindows="true"需写在三个子Activity的xml布局文件中,这样设置后仍然有问题,就是进入应用后首页也就是Tab1Activity没有问题,而Tab2Activity、Tab3Activity却没达到效果,它们的效果相当于未加android:fitsSystemWindows="true"时的效果,期初我怀疑是Activity不同的原因,因此我把Tab1Activity和Tab3Activity调了下位置,结果Tab3Activity成为首页后正常,而Tab1Activity又不正常了,百思不得姐,最后实在没办法,就在Tab2Activity、Tab3Activity的OnCreate方法中加了几句代码:

		if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
	        ((LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.ll)).setPadding(0, SysUtils.getStatusHeight(this), 0,0);
	    }
意思是,先求出状态栏高度,然后设置最外层控件的PaddingTop值为状态栏高度,结果正好达到效果,至于为什么只有首页Activity可以达到效果,而后面的子项无法达到效果,本人也在郁闷中,有知道的朋友可以分享下!

状态栏高度算法:

/**
		 * 状态栏高度算法
		 * @param activity
		 * @return
		 */
		public static int getStatusHeight(Activity activity){  
		    int statusHeight = 0;  
		    Rect localRect = new Rect();  
		    activity.getWindow().getDecorView().getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(localRect);  
		    statusHeight = localRect.top;  
		    if (0 == statusHeight){  
		        Class<?> localClass;  
		        try {  
		            localClass = Class.forName("com.android.internal.R$dimen");  
		            Object localObject = localClass.newInstance();  
		            int i5 = Integer.parseInt(localClass.getField("status_bar_height").get(localObject).toString());  
		            statusHeight = activity.getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(i5);  
		        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (InstantiationException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (NumberFormatException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (SecurityException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {  
		            e.printStackTrace();  
		        }  
		    }  
		    return statusHeight;  
		}  



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