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ORACLE11G R2 RAC常用管理命令

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1)、检查集群状态: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ crsctl check cluster 
  CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online 
  CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online 
  CRS-4533: Event Manager is online 


2)、所有 Oracle 实例 —(数据库状态): 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status database -d racdb 
  Instance racdb1 is running on node rac01 
  Instance racdb2 is running on node rac02 


3)、检查单个实例状态: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status instance -d racdb -i racdb1 
  Instance racdb1 is running on node rac01 


4)、节点应用程序状态: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status nodeapps 
  VIP rac01-vip is enabled 
  VIP rac01-vip is running on node: rac01 
  VIP rac02-vip is enabled 
  VIP rac02-vip is running on node: rac02 
  Network is enabled 
  Network is running on node: rac01 
  Network is running on node: rac02 
  GSD is disabled 
  GSD is not running on node: rac01 
  GSD is not running on node: rac02 
  ONS is enabled 
  ONS daemon is running on node: rac01 
  ONS daemon is running on node: rac02 
  eONS is enabled 
  eONS daemon is running on node: rac01 
  eONS daemon is running on node: rac02 


5)、列出所有的配置数据库: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config database 
  racdb 


6)、数据库配置: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config database -d racdb -a 
  Database unique name: racdb 
  Database name: racdb 
  Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1 
  Oracle user: oracle 
  Spfile: +RACDB_DATA/racdb/spfileracdb.ora 
  Domain: xzxj.edu.cn 
  Start options: open 
  Stop options: immediate 
  Database role: PRIMARY 
  Management policy: AUTOMATIC 
  Server pools: racdb 
  Database instances: racdb1,racdb2 
  Disk Groups: RACDB_DATA,FRA 
  Services: 
  Database is enabled 
  Database is administrator managed 


7)、ASM状态以及ASM配置: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status asm 
  ASM is running on rac01,rac02 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config asm -a 
  ASM home: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid 
  ASM listener: LISTENER 
  ASM is enabled. 


8)、TNS监听器状态以及配置: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status listener 
  Listener LISTENER is enabled 
  Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): rac01,rac02 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config listener -a 
  Name: LISTENER 
  Network: 1, Owner: grid 
  Home: <CRS home> 
  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid on node(s) rac02,rac01 
  End points: TCP:1521 


9)、SCAN状态以及配置: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status scan 
  SCAN VIP scan1 is enabled 
  SCAN VIP scan1 is running on node rac02 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config scan 
  SCAN name: rac-scan.xzxj.edu.cn, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0 
  SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP: /rac-scan.xzxj.edu.cn/192.168.1.55 


10)、VIP各个节点的状态以及配置: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac01 
  VIP rac01-vip is enabled 
  VIP rac01-vip is running on node: rac01 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac02 
  VIP rac02-vip is enabled 
  VIP rac02-vip is running on node: rac02 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac01 
  VIP exists.:rac01 
  VIP exists.: /rac01-vip/192.168.1.53/255.255.255.0/eth0 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac02 
  VIP exists.:rac02 
  VIP exists.: /rac02-vip/192.168.1.54/255.255.255.0/eth0 


11)、节点应用程序配置 —(VIP、GSD、ONS、监听器) 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ srvctl config nodeapps -a -g -s -l 
  -l option has been deprecated and will be ignored. 
  VIP exists.:rac01 
  VIP exists.: /rac01-vip/192.168.1.53/255.255.255.0/eth0 
  VIP exists.:rac02 
  VIP exists.: /rac02-vip/192.168.1.54/255.255.255.0/eth0 
  GSD exists. 
  ONS daemon exists. Local port 6100, remote port 6200 
  Name: LISTENER 
  Network: 1, Owner: grid 
  Home: <CRS home> 
  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid on node(s) rac02,rac01 
  End points: TCP:1521 


12)、验证所有集群节点间的时钟同步: 
  [grid@rac02 ~]$ cluvfy comp clocksync -verbose 
  Verifying Clock Synchronization across the cluster nodes 
  Checking if Clusterware is installed on all nodes... 
  Check of Clusterware install passed 
  Checking if CTSS Resource is running on all nodes... 
  Check: CTSS Resource running on all nodes 
  Node Name Status 
  ------------------------------------ ------------------------ 
  rac02 passed 
  Result: CTSS resource check passed 
  Querying CTSS for time offset on all nodes... 
  Result: Query of CTSS for time offset passed 
  Check CTSS state started... 
  Check: CTSS state 
  Node Name State 
  ------------------------------------ ------------------------ 
  rac02 Active 
  CTSS is in Active state. Proceeding with check of clock time offsets on all nodes... 
  Reference Time Offset Limit: 1000.0 msecs 
  Check: Reference Time Offset 
  Node Name Time Offset Status 
  ------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ 
  rac02 0.0 passed 
  Time offset is within the specified limits on the following set of nodes: 
  "[rac02]" 
  Result: Check of clock time offsets passed 
  Oracle Cluster Time Synchronization Services check passed 
  Verification of Clock Synchronization across the cluster nodes was successful. 


13)、集群中所有正在运行的实例 — (SQL): 
  SELECT inst_id , instance_number inst_no , instance_name inst_name , parallel , status , 
database_status db_status , active_state state , host_name host FROM gv$instance ORDER BY inst_id; 
14)、所有数据库文件及它们所在的 ASM 磁盘组 — (SQL): 
15)、ASM 磁盘卷: 
16)、启动和停止集群: 
  以下操作需用root用户执行。 
  (1)、在本地服务器上停止Oracle Clusterware 系统: 
  [root@rac01 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop cluster 


 注:在运行“crsctl stop cluster”命令之后,如果 Oracle Clusterware 管理的 
资源中有任何一个还在运行,则整个命令失败。使用 -f 选项无条件地停止所有资源并 
停止 Oracle Clusterware 系统。 
  另请注意,可通过指定 -all 选项在集群中所有服务器上停止 Oracle Clusterware 
系统。如下所示,在rac01和rac02上停止oracle clusterware系统: 
  [root@rac02 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop cluster –all 
  在本地服务器上启动oralce clusterware系统: 
  [root@rac01 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster 
  注:可通过指定 -all 选项在集群中所有服务器上启动 Oracle Clusterware 系统。 
  [root@rac02 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster –all 
  还可以通过列出服务器(各服务器之间以空格分隔)在集群中一个或多个指定的 


服务器上启动 Oracle Clusterware 系统: 
  [root@rac01 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster -n rac01 rac02 
  使用 SRVCTL 启动/停止所有实例: 
  [oracle@rac01 ~]#srvctl stop database -d racdb 
  [oracle@rac01 ~]#srvctl start database -d racdb
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