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springMVC+Hibernate 框架整合

标签: hibernatespring mvc
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这是一个springmvc+hibernate框架整合的demo,拿出来分享,希望对初学框架的人有所帮助;

  • 开发前的准备工作

1.所需要的jar包,主要有springmvc jar包,hibernate jar包 ,数据库连接驱动包,数据源jar包,等 ;
具体如下:
这里写图片描述

  • 建立Java web项目

目录结构具体如下:
这里写图片描述

  • 核心配置文件介绍
    1.项目核心入口配置文件(web.xml):
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5">
  <display-name>springMVC</display-name>

   <!-- Spring应用上下文配置文件 --> 
   <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:config/applicationContext-*.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- Spring应用上下文监听器 -->  
    <!-- ContextLoaderListener监听器的作用就是启动Web容器时,自动装配ApplicationContext的配置信息。 -->
    <listener>  
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>  
    </listener>  



   <!-- 配置spring核心servlet --> 
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>
            org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet
           </servlet-class>
           <!-- 可以自定义servlet.xml配置文件的位置和名称,默认为WEB-INF目录下,名称为[<servlet-name>]-servlet.xml,如spring-servlet.xml -->
    <init-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
     <!-- url-pattern配置为/,不带文件后缀,会造成其它静态文件(js,css等)不能访问。如配为*.do,则不影响静态文件的访问 -->  
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springMVC</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!-- 静态资源加载 -->
    <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.jpg</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.js</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>
   <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>default</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.css</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>  

   <!-- 配置Session -->
    <filter>
    <filter-name>openSession</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class>
    <!-- 请注意,此处必须定义,否则后面会报错,具体是什么,笔者没截图,记不太清楚了 -->
    <init-param>
        <param-name>sessionFactoryBeanName</param-name>
        <param-value>sessionFactory</param-value>
    </init-param>
    </filter>
<filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>openSession</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

    <!-- 项目文件编码设置 -->

    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 项目启动时搜索加载的开始页面的顺序 --> 
 <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
    <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>

</web-app>

2.springmvc配置文件(spring-servlet.xml):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                     http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd 
                    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd 
                    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
                    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">

<!-- 开启注解 -->
<mvc:annotation-driven />

 <!-- 加载controller组件的位置 --> 
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.liu.controller" />
    <!-- 加载静态资源 -->
     <mvc:resources mapping="/resources/**" location="/resources/" />
    <mvc:resources mapping="/images/**" location="/images/" />
    <mvc:resources mapping="/js/**" location="/js/" />
    <!-- 视图解析 -->
    <bean id="viewResolver"
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass"
            value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />
        <property name="prefix" value="/resources/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>
</beans>

3.spring上下文核心配置文件(applicationContext-core.xml):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">


 <!-- oracle配置数据源 -->
<bean id="dataSource"
    class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
    <property name="driverClassName" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver"></property>
    <property name="url" value="jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:orcl"></property>

    <property name="username" value="username"></property>
    <property name="password" value="123456"></property>
</bean>

 <!-- MySQL配置数据源 -->
 <!-- <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
    <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"></property>
    <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test"></property>
    <property name="username" value="root"></property>
    <property name="password" value=""></property>
  </bean> -->




   <!-- 配置SessionFactory -->
<bean id="sessionFactory"
    class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    <property name="hibernateProperties">
        <props>
            <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle10gDialect</prop> 
          <!--  <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</prop> -->

            <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
            <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">true</prop>
            <prop key="connection.autocommit">true</prop>
        </props>
    </property>
    <!-- 注解扫描的包 -->
    <property name="annotatedClasses">
        <list>
            <value>com.liu.entity.User</value>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>

<!-- 配置一个事务管理器 -->
<bean id="transactionManager"
    class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager">
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />
</bean>

<!-- 配置事务,使用代理的方式 -->
<bean id="transactionProxy"
    class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean"
    abstract="true">
    <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager"></property>
    <property name="transactionAttributes">
        <props>
            <prop key="add*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,-Exception</prop>
            <prop key="modify*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED,-myException</prop>
            <prop key="del*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
            <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
        </props>
    </property>
</bean>

</beans>
  1. 业务逻辑bean层注册,及spring bean代理文件(applicationContext-beans.xml):
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"  
xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"  
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">  
<!--dao层 bean  -->
<bean id="UserDaoImplTarget" class="com.liu.daoImpl.UserDaoImpl">  
   <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"></property> 
</bean>  

<!--service层 bean  -->
<bean id="UserService" class="com.liu.service.UserService">  
     <property name="UserDaoImpl" ref="UserDaoImplTarget"></property>
</bean>   

<!-- 此处为spring 代理  dao层bean-->  
<bean name="UserDaoImpl" parent="transactionProxy">  
    <property name="target" ref="UserDaoImplTarget"></property>  
</bean>     





</beans>
  1. 此实体的定义应用了springmvc的注解,省去了传统的Hibernate跟数据库之间的映射配置文件(User.java)
package com.liu.entity;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;
import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;

/**
 * 此实体的定义应用了springmvc的注解,省去了传统的Hibernate跟数据库之间的映射配置文件
 * @author will
 *
 */
@Entity  
@Table(name="T_USER")  
public class User {  

@Id  
@GeneratedValue(generator="system-uuid")  
@GenericGenerator(name = "system-uuid",strategy="uuid")  
@Column(length=100)  
private String id;  

@Column(length=32)  
private String userName;  

@Column(length=32)  
private String age;  

public String getId() {  
    return id;  
}  

public void setId(String id) {  
    this.id = id;  
}  

public String getUserName() {  
    return userName;  
}  

public void setUserName(String userName) {  
    this.userName = userName;  
}  

public String getAge() {  
    return age;  
}  

public void setAge(String age) {  
    this.age = age;  
}  

} 
  • 业务逻辑层介绍
    1.业务dao层(UserDao.java):
package com.liu.dao;

import java.util.List;

import com.liu.entity.User;

public interface UserDao {

public User getUser(String id);  

public List<User> getAllUser();  

public void addUser(User user);  

public boolean delUser(String id);  

public boolean updateUser(User user);  

}

2.业务dao层实现(UserDaoImpl.java):

package com.liu.daoImpl;

import java.util.List;

import com.liu.dao.UserDao;
import com.liu.entity.User;

import org.hibernate.Criteria;
import org.hibernate.Query;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

public class UserDaoImpl implements UserDao{

    private SessionFactory sessionFactory;  

    public void setSessionFactory(SessionFactory sessionFactory) {  
        this.sessionFactory = sessionFactory;  
    }  
    /**
     * 根据用户id查询用户
     */
    @Override
    public User getUser(String id) {
         String hql = "from User u where u.id=?";  
            Query query = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().createQuery(hql);  
            query.setString(0, id);  

            return (User)query.uniqueResult();  
    }
    /**
     * 查询所有用户
     */

    @Override
    public List<User> getAllUser() {
        /* String hql = "select * from t_user"; 
          System.out.print("--------------------->");*/
          Criteria crit = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().createCriteria(User.class);

         System.out.print(crit.list().size()+"--------------------->");
            return crit.list();  
    }

    /**
     * 添加用户
     */

    @Override
    public void addUser(User user) {
         System.out.println("用户名:==impl===="+user.getUserName());  
            System.out.println("用户名:==impl===="+user.getAge()); 
            Transaction tx = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().beginTransaction();
         sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().save(user);
         tx.commit();
         sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().flush(); 
         System.out.println("用户名:==add===="); 
    }

    /**
     * 根据用户id删除用户
     */
    @Override
    public boolean delUser(String id) {
        String hql = "delete User u where u.id = ?";  
        Query query = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().createQuery(hql);  
        query.setString(0, id);  

        return (query.executeUpdate() > 0);
    }
    /**
     * 编辑用户
     */
    @Override
    public boolean updateUser(User user) {
        String hql = "update User u set u.userName = ?,u.age=? where u.id = ?";  
        Query query = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().createQuery(hql);  
        query.setString(0, user.getUserName());  
        query.setString(1, user.getAge());  
        query.setString(2, user.getId());  

        return (query.executeUpdate() > 0);  
    }

}
  1. 业务service层实现(UserService.java)
package com.liu.service;

import java.util.List;

import com.liu.dao.UserDao;
import com.liu.daoImpl.UserDaoImpl;
import com.liu.entity.User;

public class UserService implements UserDao{

    private UserDaoImpl userDaoImpl;  


    public UserDaoImpl getUserDaoImpl() {
        return userDaoImpl;
    }

    public void setUserDaoImpl(UserDaoImpl userDaoImpl) {
        this.userDaoImpl = userDaoImpl;
    }

    @Override
    public User getUser(String id) {

        return userDaoImpl.getUser(id);
    }

    @Override
    public List<User> getAllUser() {

        return userDaoImpl.getAllUser();
    }

    @Override
    public void addUser(User user) {
        userDaoImpl.addUser(user);

    }

    @Override
    public boolean delUser(String id) {

         return userDaoImpl.delUser(id);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean updateUser(User user) {

        return userDaoImpl.updateUser(user); 
    }

}
  • 主要页面介绍
    1.首页(Login.jsp):
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"  
pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>  
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">  
<html>  
<head>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">  
<title>首页</title>  
</head>  
<body>  
<h5><a href="/springmvc/user/getAllUser">进入用户管理页</a></h5>
</body>  
</html> 

2.结果显示处理页面(Index.jsp);

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"  
pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>  

<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">  
<html>  
<head>
<%
    String path = request.getContextPath();
%>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=path%>/js/jquery-1.7.2.min.js"></script>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">  
<title>Insert title here</title>  
<script type="text/javascript">  
    function del(id){  
    $.get("/springmvc/user/delUser?id="+id,function(data){  
        if("success" == data.result){  
            alert("删除成功");  
            window.location.reload();  
        }else{  
            alert("删除失败");  
        }  
    });  
}  
</script>  
</head>  
<body>  
    <h6><a href="/springmvc/user/toAddUser">添加用户</a></h6>  
    <table border="1">  
        <tbody>  
        <tr>  
             <th>姓名</th>  
            <th>年龄</th>  
            <th>操作</th>  
        </tr>  
        <c:if test="${!empty userList }">  
            <c:forEach items="${userList }" var="user">  
                <tr>  
                 <td>${user.userName}</td>
                    <td>${user.age }</td>  
                    <td>  
                        <a href="/springmvc/user/getUser?id=${user.id }">编辑</a>  
                        <a href="javascript:del('${user.id }')">删除</a>  
                    </td>  
                </tr>               
            </c:forEach>  
        </c:if>  
    </tbody>  
</table>  
</body>  
</html>  

3.添加页面(addUser.jsp);

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"  
pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%>  
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">  
<html>  
<head>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">  
<title>Insert title here</title>  
<script type="text/javascript">  
function addUser(){  
    var form = document.forms[0];  
    form.action = "/springmvc/user/addUser";  
    form.method="post";  
    form.submit();  
}  
</script>  
</head>  
<body>  
<h1>添加用户</h1>  
<form action="" name="userForm">  
    姓名:<input type="text" name="userName">  
    年龄:<input type="text" name="age">  
    <input type="button" value="添加" onclick="addUser()">  
</form>  
</body>  
</html>  
  1. 更新页面(editUser.jsp);
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"  
pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%> 
<%@ page import="java.util.*"%> 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">  
<html>  
<head>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
%>  
<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=path %>/js/jquery-1.9.1.min.js"></script>  
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">  
<title>Insert title here</title>  
</head>  
<body>  
<h1>编辑用户</h1>  
<form action="/springmvc/user/updateUser" name="userForm" method="post">  
    <input type="hidden" name="id" value="${user.id }">  
    姓名:<input type="text" name="userName" value="${user.userName }">  
    年龄:<input type="text" name="age" value="${user.age }">  
    <input type="submit" value="编辑" >  
</form>  
</body>  
</html> 

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