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间隔问题2 [No. 57]

标签: intervalslistclassmergestring
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问题:

给一组间隔,把这些间隔合并,使得间隔之间不会有重合。比如:[1, 5], [3, 8], [10, 20], [7, 9] 合并后变成 [1, 9], [10, 20]。

分析:

首先,因为我们需要判断是否两个间隔是否重合,这样才能合并,检查两个间隔是否重合的代码是:

	/*
	 * s1: start point of interval 1
	 * e1: end point of interval 1
	 * s2: start point of interval 2
	 * e2: end point of interval 2
	 */
	public boolean overlap(int s1, int e1, int s2, int e2) {
		return Math.max(s1, s2) < Math.min(e1, e2);
	}

然后,我们把间隔按照开始值排序,这样,从头开始检查,如果当前间隔和前一个间隔重合,就合并。否则,直接把它加入到list里面。

代码如下:

public class Test {
	//check whether the two intervals intersect
	public boolean overlap(Interval i1, Interval i2) {
		return Math.max(i1.start, i2.start) < Math.min(i1.end, i2.end);
	}
	
	//merge the intervals and return a new interval list without overlapping
	public void merge(ArrayList<Interval> list) {
		int currentPosition = 0;
		for (int i = 1; i < list.size(); i++) {
			//no intersection
			if (overlap(list.get(i), list.get(currentPosition)) == false) {
				currentPosition++;
			} else {
				//get the new interval
				int start = Math.min(list.get(i).start, list.get(currentPosition).start);
				int end = Math.max(list.get(i).end, list.get(currentPosition).end);
				Interval interval = new Interval(start, end);
				list.remove(currentPosition);
				list.add(currentPosition, interval);
			}
		}
		
		int size = list.size();
		for (int i = currentPosition + 1; i < size; i++) {
			list.remove(currentPosition + 1);
		}
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ArrayList<Interval> list = new ArrayList<Interval>();
		
		list.add(new Interval(3, 8));
		list.add(new Interval(2, 29));
		list.add(new Interval(5, 17));
		list.add(new Interval(22, 47));
		list.add(new Interval(32, 48));
		Collections.sort(list);
		
		new Test().merge(list);
		for(Interval inter : list) {
			System.out.println("[" + inter.start + ", " + inter.end + "]");
		}
	}
}

class Interval implements Comparable<Interval>{
	int start;
	int end;
	
	Interval(int start, int end) {
		this.start = start;
		this.end = end;
	}

	public int compareTo(Interval o) {
		if (start > ((Interval)o).start || 
				(start == ((Interval)o).start && end > ((Interval)o).end)) {
				return 1;
		} else if (start == ((Interval)o).start && end == ((Interval)o).end) {
				return 0;
		}
		return -1;
	}
}

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/beiyeqingteng

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