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Bilinear图像修复

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Bilinear Interpolation

标签(空格分隔): Graphics


Bilinear

Bilinear interpolation is an extension of linear interpolation for interpolating functions of two variables (e.g., x and y) on a rectilinear 2D grid1

img1

Suppose that we want to find the value of the unknown function f at the point P(x,y). It is assumed that we know the value of f at the four points  Q11(x1,y1),Q12(x1,y2),Q21(x2,y1),Q22(x2,y2) .

We first do linear interpolation in the x-direction. This yields

f(R1)x2xx2x1f(Q11)+xx1x2x1f(Q21),R1=(x,y1)
f(R2)x2xx2x1f(Q12)+xx1x2x1f(Q22),R2=(x,y2)

We proceed by interpolating in the y-direction to obtain the desired estimate

f(P)=y2yy2y1f(R1)+yy1y2y1f(R2)(x2x)(y2y)(x2x1)(y2y1)f(Q11)+(xx1)(y2y)(x2x1)(y2y1)f(Q21)+(x2x)(yy1)(x2x1)(y2y1)f(Q12)+(xx1)(yy1)(x2x1)(y2y1)f(Q22)

To restore damaged pixels in the image using the bilinear interpolation, we should first find the good pixels at both four directions near the specific pixel, and then we can calculate the rgb value of it by

f=afright+bfdown+cfleft+dfupa+b+c+d,bfdown+dfupb+d,afright+cflefta+c,if |(a+c)(b+d)|20if a+c>b+d+20if b+d>a+c+20

Now, for our test, we take a photo of mine shown below(dong.jpg): src

And then, we can damage it by adding tons of characters, just like this(dong_dmg.jpg):
src_dmg

In order to restore the damaged photo, firstly we mark out the damage parts in the photo by PhotoShop(dong_font.jpg):
src_font

After the bilinear interpolation, the output image would be:
src_dest

Also, it is somewhere diffrent from the source photo, but is still effective enough for damage restore.

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