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Emmagee学习之获取内存及CPU占用等数据

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Emmagee是网易杭州研究院QA团队开发的一个简单易上手的Android性能监测小工具,主要用于监控单个App的CPU,内存,流量,启动耗时,电量,电流等性能状态的变化,且用户可自定义配置监控的频率以及性能的实时显示,并最终生成一份性能统计文件。
这里写图片描述

测试QQ的效果如下:
这里写图片描述

    /**
     *  通过pid获取应用占用的内存
     * @return
     */
    public int getPidMemorySize(int pid, Context context) {
        ActivityManager am = (ActivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE);
        int[] myMempid = new int[] { pid };
        Debug.MemoryInfo[] memoryInfo = am.getProcessMemoryInfo(myMempid);
        memoryInfo[0].getTotalSharedDirty();
        int memSize = memoryInfo[0].getTotalPss();
        return memSize;
    }
    /**
     * 获取设备可用内存
     */
    public long getFreeMemorySize(Context context) {
        ActivityManager.MemoryInfo outInfo = new ActivityManager.MemoryInfo();
        ActivityManager am = (ActivityManager) context.getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE);
        am.getMemoryInfo(outInfo);
        long avaliMem = outInfo.availMem;
        return avaliMem / 1024;
    }
    /**
     * 获取设备总内存
     */
    public long getTotalMemory() {
        String memInfoPath = "/proc/meminfo";
        String readTemp = "";
        String memTotal = "";
        long memory = 0;
        try {
            FileReader fr = new FileReader(memInfoPath);
            BufferedReader localBufferedReader = new BufferedReader(fr, 8192);
            while ((readTemp = localBufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                if (readTemp.contains("MemTotal")) {
                    String[] total = readTemp.split(":");
                    memTotal = total[1].trim();
                }
            }
            localBufferedReader.close();
            String[] memKb = memTotal.split(" ");
            memTotal = memKb[0].trim();
            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "memTotal: " + memTotal);
            memory = Long.parseLong(memTotal);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Log.e(LOG_TAG, "IOException: " + e.getMessage());
        }
        return memory;
    }
    /**
     * 获取dalvik与native分别占用的内存,仅root可用
     */
    public static String[][] parseMeminfo(int pid) {

        boolean infoStart = false;
        // [][],00:native heap size,01:native heap alloc;10: dalvik heap
        // size,11: dalvik heap alloc
        String[][] heapData = new String[2][2];

        try {
            Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
            process = runtime.exec("su");
            DataOutputStream os = new DataOutputStream(process.getOutputStream());
            os.writeBytes("dumpsys meminfo " + pid + "\n");
            os.writeBytes("exit\n");
            os.flush();

            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(process.getInputStream()));
            String line = "";

            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                line = line.trim();
                if (line.contains("Permission Denial")) {
                    break;
                } else {
                    // 当读取到MEMINFO in pid 这一行时,下一行就是需要获取的数据
                    if (line.contains("MEMINFO in pid")) {
                        infoStart = true;
                    } else if (infoStart) {
                        String[] lineItems = line.split("\\s+");
                        int length = lineItems.length;
                        if (line.startsWith("size")) {
                            heapData[0][0] = lineItems[1];
                            heapData[1][0] = lineItems[2];
                        } else if (line.startsWith("allocated")) {
                            heapData[0][1] = lineItems[1];
                            heapData[1][1] = lineItems[2];
                            break;
                        } else if (line.startsWith("Native")) {
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "Native");
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "lineItems[4]=" + lineItems[4]);
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "lineItems[5]=" + lineItems[5]);
                            heapData[0][0] = lineItems[length-3];
                            heapData[0][1] = lineItems[length-2];
                        } else if (line.startsWith("Dalvik")) {
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "Dalvik");
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "lineItems[4]=" + lineItems[4]);
                            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "lineItems[5]=" + lineItems[5]);
                            heapData[1][0] = lineItems[length-3];
                            heapData[1][1] = lineItems[length-2];
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return heapData;
    }
    /**
     * 获取cpu个数,即处理器核心数
     * @return
     */
    public int getCpuNum() {
        try {
            // Get directory containing CPU info
            File dir = new File("/sys/devices/system/cpu/");
            // Filter to only list the devices we care about
            File[] files = dir.listFiles(new CpuFilter());
            return files.length;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return 1;
        }
    }
    /**
     * 获取cpu列表
     */
    public ArrayList<String> getCpuList() {
        ArrayList<String> cpuList = new ArrayList<String>();
        try {
            // Get directory containing CPU info
            File dir = new File("/sys/devices/system/cpu/");
            // Filter to only list the devices we care about
            File[] files = dir.listFiles(new CpuFilter());
            for (int i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {
                cpuList.add(files[i].getName());
            }
            return cpuList;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            cpuList.add("cpu0");
            return cpuList;
        }
    }
    public String getCpuName() {
        try {
            RandomAccessFile cpuStat = new RandomAccessFile("/proc/cpuinfo", "r");
            // check cpu type
            String line;
            while (null != (line = cpuStat.readLine())) {
                String[] values = line.split(":");
                if (values[0].contains("model name") || values[0].contains("Processor")) {
                    cpuStat.close();
                    Log.d(LOG_TAG, "CPU name="+values[1]);
                    return values[1];
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Log.e(LOG_TAG, "IOException: " + e.getMessage());
        }
        return "";
    }
    /**
     * 获取网络流量,上传和下载的总和
     */
    public long getTrafficInfo() {
        Log.i(LOG_TAG, "get traffic information");

        long rcvTraffic = -1;
        long sndTraffic = -1;

        // Use getUidRxBytes and getUidTxBytes to get network traffic,these API
        // return both tcp and udp usage
        rcvTraffic = TrafficStats.getUidRxBytes(Integer.parseInt(uid));
        sndTraffic = TrafficStats.getUidTxBytes(Integer.parseInt(uid));

        if (rcvTraffic == -1 || sndTraffic == -1) {
            return -1;
        } else
            return rcvTraffic + sndTraffic;
    }

cpu使用率的计算稍微有些不同:

// 先获取当前pid的占用情况
        String processPid = Integer.toString(pid);
        String cpuStatPath = "/proc/" + processPid + "/stat";
        try {
            // monitor cpu stat of certain process
            RandomAccessFile processCpuInfo = new RandomAccessFile(cpuStatPath, "r");
            String line = "";
            StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
            stringBuffer.setLength(0);
            while ((line = processCpuInfo.readLine()) != null) {
                stringBuffer.append(line + "\n");
            }
            String[] tok = stringBuffer.toString().split(" ");
            processCpu = Long.parseLong(tok[13]) + Long.parseLong(tok[14]);
            processCpuInfo.close();
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            Log.w(LOG_TAG, "FileNotFoundException: " + e.getMessage());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
// 再获取总的cpu使用情况
        try {
            // monitor total and idle cpu stat of certain process
            RandomAccessFile cpuInfo = new RandomAccessFile(CPU_STAT, "r");
            String line = "";
            while ((null != (line = cpuInfo.readLine())) && line.startsWith("cpu")) {
                String[] toks = line.split("\\s+");
                idleCpu.add(Long.parseLong(toks[4]));
                totalCpu.add(Long.parseLong(toks[1]) + Long.parseLong(toks[2]) + Long.parseLong(toks[3]) + Long.parseLong(toks[4])
                        + Long.parseLong(toks[6]) + Long.parseLong(toks[5]) + Long.parseLong(toks[7]));
            }
            cpuInfo.close();
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

当前进行所占CPU的算法是:100*(processCpuTimeS-processCpuTimeF) / (totalCpuTimeS-totalCpuTimeF)

CPU总数用率的算法是:100*((totalCpuTimeS-totalCpuTimeF) - (idelS-idelF)) / (totalCpuTimeS - totalCpuTimeF)

参考:http://blog.csdn.net/l2show/article/details/40950657

                if (null != totalCpu2 && totalCpu2.size() > 0) {
                    processCpuRatio = fomart.format(100 * ((double) (processCpu - processCpu2) / ((double) (totalCpu.get(0) - totalCpu2.get(0)))));

                    for (int i = 0; i < (totalCpu.size() > totalCpu2.size() ? totalCpu2.size() : totalCpu.size()); i++) {
                        String cpuRatio = "0.00";
                        if (totalCpu.get(i) - totalCpu2.get(i) > 0) {
                            cpuRatio = fomart
                                    .format(100 * ((double) ((totalCpu.get(i) - idleCpu.get(i)) - (totalCpu2.get(i) - idleCpu2.get(i))) / (double) (totalCpu
                                            .get(i) - totalCpu2.get(i))));
                        }
                        totalCpuRatio.add(cpuRatio);
                        totalCpuBuffer.append(cpuRatio + Constants.COMMA);
                    }
                } else { // 保存前一次的cpu使用情况
                    processCpuRatio = "0";
                    totalCpuRatio.add("0");
                    totalCpuBuffer.append("0,");
                    totalCpu2 = (ArrayList<Long>) totalCpu.clone();
                    processCpu2 = processCpu;
                    idleCpu2 = (ArrayList<Long>) idleCpu.clone();
                }

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