博英口语考试讲稿

原创 2004年12月31日 11:10:00

        Good morning everyone. I am glad to give you an introduction of our project. My topic is the SSS system of LAMOST and Vincent is my name. I come from the Department of Modern Physics.
       
        First of all, I will give you some definitions involved in my presentation.
       
        The LAMOST was proposed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and was supported widely by astronomical community.
        The project will make substantial contribution to the study of extra-galactic astrophysics and cosmology, such as galaxies, quasars and the large-scale structure of the universe.
       
        This is the telescope. It's beautiful, isn't it? The telescope will be located at the Xinglong station of Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Its construction period is 10 years, coming into operation at the end of 2007.
       
        The LAMOST will observe around 10 million spectra from targets distributed over an area of about 24 thousand square degrees, using a multi-object fiber spectrograph that can simultaneously observe 4000 objects in a circular field of view 5 degree in radius. That's great! You know, the traditional telescope could only observe one target while The LAMOST can observe 4000 objects simultaneously!
       
        However, large surveys using multi-object spectrographs require automated methods for deciding how to efficiently point observations and how to assign targets to each pointing. This is the job of SSS system.
       
        So we designed an algorithm named "Highest density & Averagely assign" to solve the problem.
        In a word, every night, we find the highest-density sky area and assign the targets in the area to each fiber averagely.
       
        This picture shows the focal panel of the LAMOST. The little circles represent the fibers and each fiber will point to a target. The four holes used to fix the panel to a steel frame.
       
        We find the highest density sky area, and point the telescope to the area. Most of the observe targets are galaxies.
       
        Then we assign the targets to each fiber averagely.
       
        You can see the details from this picture. Every fiber has been assigned a target. The red point is the center of the fiber and the white one is the target.
       
        In order to test how well this algorithm works, we apply it to simulated data.
        This is the simulated sky area of 400 square degrees.
        Each circle in the picture means observed one time. We observed 1000 times in total.
       
        We attain a sampling rate of 95% with an efficiency of fiber greater than 90%.
       
        Our results indicate that the "Highest density & Averagely assign" algorithm pass muster of the requirement of the LAMOST. And the methods used here may prove useful to those planning other large surveys.
       
        That's complete of my presentation. Thank you for listening, and any question?
        
       

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