使用TDD方式开发:根据博客ID列出CSDN所有博客文章

原创 2017年01月11日 23:25:10

最近,在做一个Code Kata,突然想把自己CSDN博客上面所有的文章全部列出来,而且是先写测试,在写实现(传说中的TDD)。下面把其分享出来。笔者是基于org.htmlparser.htmlparser来进行页面解析的。如果大家需要用的话,请在pom.xml文件里面加入下面的依赖。

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.htmlparser</groupId>
  <artifactId>htmlparser</artifactId>
  <version>2.1</version>
</dependency>

值得一提的是,在使用org.htmlparser.htmlparser的时候,恰当合理的Filter(过滤器)非常的重要,如果使用得当的,往往会事半功倍。下面把常用的16个Filter(过滤器)列出来一下。

16个不同的Filter,也可以分为几类。 
* 判断类Filter: 

  •   TagNameFilter 
  •    HasAttributeFilter 
  •    HasChildFilter 
  •    HasParentFilter 
  •    HasSiblingFilter 
  •    IsEqualFilter 

* 逻辑运算Filter: 

  •   AndFilter 
  •   NotFilter 
  •   OrFilter 
  •   XorFilter 

* 其他Filter: 

  •    NodeClassFilter 
  •    StringFilter 
  •    LinkStringFilter 
  •    LinkRegexFilter 
  •    RegexFilter 
  •    CssSelectorNodeFilter 

#1 TDD中测试先行,测试程序部分

package com.winneryum.csdn;

import static org.junit.Assert.*;

import java.util.List;
import org.junit.Test;


public class CSDNPageParserTest {

  @Test
  public void testListAllCategoryURLByCSDNIdURL(){
    //http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/
    String csdnID="chancein007"; 
    CSDNPageParser csdnPageParser=new CSDNPageParser(csdnID);
    List<String> lsCategryURLs=csdnPageParser.listAllCategoryURLsByCSDNId();
    assertTrue(lsCategryURLs.size()>0);
    System.out.println(lsCategryURLs.toString());
  }
  
  @Test
  public void testListPagesByCategoryURLs(){
    CSDNPageParser csdnPageParser=new CSDNPageParser();
    String categoryURL="http://blog.csdn.net//chancein007/article/category/2331239";
    List<String> lsPages= csdnPageParser.listPagesByCategoryURL(categoryURL);
    assertTrue(lsPages.size()>0);
    System.out.println(lsPages.toString());
  }
  
  @Test
  public void testGetAllPageURLs(){
    String csdnID="chancein007"; 
    CSDNPageParser csdnPageParser=new CSDNPageParser(csdnID); 
    List<String> lsAllPages= csdnPageParser.getAllPageURLs();
    assertTrue(lsAllPages.size()>0);
    for(int i=0;i<lsAllPages.size();i++){
      System.out.println(lsAllPages.get(i));
   }
  }
}

# 2 程序实现部分

package com.winneryum.csdn;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.List;
import org.htmlparser.NodeFilter;
import org.htmlparser.Parser;
import org.htmlparser.filters.HasAttributeFilter;
import org.htmlparser.filters.TagNameFilter;
import org.htmlparser.http.ConnectionManager;
import org.htmlparser.nodes.TagNode;
import org.htmlparser.util.NodeList;
import org.htmlparser.util.ParserException;

public class CSDNPageParser {
 
  public final static String  CSDN_ROOT_URL="http://blog.csdn.net";
  private String csdnID;
  
  private String getCSDNRootBlogURL(){
    return CSDN_ROOT_URL+"/"+csdnID+"/";
  }
  public CSDNPageParser(String csdnID) {
    this.csdnID=csdnID;
  }
  public CSDNPageParser() {
  }
  public List<String> listAllCategoryURLsByCSDNId() {
    List<String> categoryURLs=new ArrayList<String>();
    String encoding = "UTF-8";  
    try {
      Parser onLineHtmlParser;
      onLineHtmlParser = new Parser();
      ConnectionManager connectionManager=Parser.getConnectionManager ();
      Hashtable hashTable=connectionManager.getRequestProperties();
      hashTable.put("User-Agent", "Firefox");
      connectionManager.setRequestProperties(hashTable);
      onLineHtmlParser.setURL(getCSDNRootBlogURL());
      onLineHtmlParser.setEncoding(encoding);  
      NodeFilter filter = new HasAttributeFilter( "id","panel_Category" );  
      //NodeClassFilter nodeClassFilter=new NodeClassFilter(org.htmlparser.tags.LinkTag.class);
      //AndFilter andFilter=new AndFilter(new NodeFilter[]{filter,nodeClassFilter});
      NodeList nodes = onLineHtmlParser.extractAllNodesThatMatch(filter);
      String categorySegment= nodes.elementAt(1).toHtml();
      
      Parser categorySegementParser = new Parser(categorySegment);
      TagNameFilter tagFileter=new TagNameFilter("a");
      NodeList categoryNode=categorySegementParser.extractAllNodesThatMatch(tagFileter);
      for(int i=0;i<categoryNode.size();i++){
        TagNode linkNode=(TagNode)categoryNode.elementAt(i);
        categoryURLs.add(CSDN_ROOT_URL+linkNode.getAttribute("href"));
      }
      
    } catch (ParserException e) {
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block
      e.printStackTrace();
    }  
 
    
    return categoryURLs;
  }
  
  public List<String> listPagesByCategoryURL(String categoryURL) {
    List<String> pageURLs=new ArrayList<String>();
    String encoding = "UTF-8";  
    try {
      Parser onLineHtmlParser;
      onLineHtmlParser = new Parser();
      ConnectionManager connectionManager=Parser.getConnectionManager ();
      Hashtable hashTable=connectionManager.getRequestProperties();
      hashTable.put("User-Agent", "Firefox");
      connectionManager.setRequestProperties(hashTable);
      onLineHtmlParser.setURL(categoryURL);
      onLineHtmlParser.setEncoding(encoding);  
      TagNameFilter h1TagFileter=new TagNameFilter("h1");
      NodeList h1Nodes = onLineHtmlParser.extractAllNodesThatMatch(h1TagFileter);
      
     String pageSegment= h1Nodes.toHtml();
      
      Parser categorySegementParser = new Parser(pageSegment);
      TagNameFilter tagFileter=new TagNameFilter("a");
      NodeList pageDetailedNode=categorySegementParser.extractAllNodesThatMatch(tagFileter);
      for(int i=0;i<pageDetailedNode.size();i++){
        TagNode linkNode=(TagNode)pageDetailedNode.elementAt(i);
        pageURLs.add(CSDN_ROOT_URL+linkNode.getAttribute("href"));
      }
    } catch (ParserException e) {
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block
      e.printStackTrace();
    } 
    
    return pageURLs;
  }
  public List<String> getAllPageURLs() {
    List<String> allpageURLs=new ArrayList<String>(); 
    List<String> allCatgoryURL=listAllCategoryURLsByCSDNId();
    for(String categoryURL:allCatgoryURL){
      List<String> listPageURLs=listPagesByCategoryURL(categoryURL);
      allpageURLs.addAll(listPageURLs);
    }
    return allpageURLs;
  }

}


#3 注意事项

注意上面这段代码,

ConnectionManager connectionManager=Parser.getConnectionManager ();
Hashtable hashTable=connectionManager.getRequestProperties();
hashTable.put("User-Agent", "Firefox");
connectionManager.setRequestProperties(hashTable);

如果没有这段代码,CSDN网站就会认为这是一个机器在访问CSDN网站,就会抛出下面的403 Forbidden的状态码。

org.htmlparser.util.ParserException: Exception getting input stream from http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/ (Server returned HTTP response code: 403 for URL: http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/).;
java.io.IOException: Server returned HTTP response code: 403 for URL: http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:526)
at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection$6.run(HttpURLConnection.java:1675)
at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection$6.run(HttpURLConnection.java:1673)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getChainedException(HttpURLConnection.java:1671)
at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getInputStream(HttpURLConnection.java:1244)
at org.htmlparser.lexer.Page.setConnection(Page.java:576)
at org.htmlparser.lexer.Page.<init>(Page.java:133)
at org.htmlparser.lexer.Lexer.<init>(Lexer.java:185)
at org.htmlparser.Parser.setConnection(Parser.java:419)
at org.htmlparser.Parser.setURL(Parser.java:448)
at com.winneryum.csdn.CSDNPageParser.listAllCategoryURLsByCSDNId(CSDNPageParser.java:38)
at com.winneryum.csdn.CSDNPageParser.getAllPageURLs(CSDNPageParser.java:96)
at com.winneryum.csdn.CSDNPageParserTest.testGetAllPageURLs(CSDNPageParserTest.java:34)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:50)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:325)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:78)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:290)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:71)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:288)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:58)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:268)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:363)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:86)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:459)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:678)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:382)
at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:192)
Caused by: java.io.IOException: Server returned HTTP response code: 403 for URL: http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/
at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getInputStream(HttpURLConnection.java:1626)
at java.net.HttpURLConnection.getResponseCode(HttpURLConnection.java:468)
at org.htmlparser.http.ConnectionManager.openConnection(ConnectionManager.java:661)
at org.htmlparser.http.ConnectionManager.openConnection(ConnectionManager.java:849)
... 27 more

#4 运行结果

http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/53731148
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/52675923
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/52305324
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/52109198
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http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/46508301
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/46444385
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http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/41628911
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/41276881
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http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/46317799
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/46293391
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http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/53731148
http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/53730991
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http://blog.csdn.net/chancein007/article/details/41280997
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