[置顶] Swagger+NodeJS Mock前端数据

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现在Web开发越来越倾向于前后端分离,前端使用AngularJS,React,Vue等,部署在NodeJS上,后面采用SpringBoot发布Rest服务,前后端进行分离。这样的架构灵活且特别适合大型团队的协作开发。 那么问题来了,因为前端都是和后端通过API进行交互的,那么如果后端没有开发完成,前端的进度超前了,难道前端要等后端开发完了才能继续当前或者下一个功能的开发吗? 有没有一种方式可以不必等后端的API实现开发完,前端也能把相应的功能渲染出来呢?其实方案有很多种,比如用deployd, swagger+Node等方式,或者通过Swagger+EasyMock。
其实笔者认为deloyd也挺好用的,大家可以参考这篇文章

但是由于在Swagger提供的功能更为强大,不但可以与SpringBoot集成,还可以与NodeJS集成,还能通过网页进行在线编辑API的接口定义,更为牛的是还能生成的接口网页上直接进行测试。既然功能这么强大,我想其应该有和deployd类似的功能,结果还真被我发现了,只不过配置起来比deployd稍微复杂一些。

1. 首先安装swagger

加上读者已经安装了最新版的nodejs,然后在cmd上输入下面的命令

npm install -g swagger

2. 创建一个swagger的项目

swagger project create movie-collection

创建好后项目结构如下:

-- api  
---- controllers 
------ hello_world.js
---- helpers
---- mocks
---- swagger
------ swagger.yaml

-- config 
---- default.yaml

-- test
---- api
------ controllers
-------- hello_world.js
------ helpers

-- app.js
-- package.json

3. 启动当前的swagger的编辑页面

swagger project edit

将会打开当前的swagger的编辑界面,然后在左边的编辑页面输入下面的swagger的yaml描述

swagger: "2.0"
info:
  version: "0.0.1"
  title: Hello World App
# during dev, should point to your local machine
host: localhost:10010
# basePath prefixes all resource paths
basePath: /
#
schemes:
  # tip: remove http to make production-grade
  - http
  - https
# format of bodies a client can send (Content-Type)
consumes:
  - application/json
# format of the responses to the client (Accepts)
produces:
  - application/json
paths:
  /movie:
    # our controller name
    x-swagger-router-controller: movie
    get:
      #in /movie
      operationId: getAll
      description: get the movies list
      # define the type of response for Success "200" and Error
      responses:
        "200":
          description: Success
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/GetMoviesListResponse"
        default:
          description: Error
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/ErrorResponse"
    post:
      operationId: save
      description: add a new movie to the list
      # movie info to be stored
      parameters:
        - name: title
          description: Movie properties
          in: body
          required: true
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/Movie"
      responses:
        "200":
          description: Success
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/GeneralResponse"
        default:
          description: Error
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/ErrorResponse"
  /movie/{id}:
    # our controller name
    x-swagger-router-controller: movie
    get:
      operationId: getOne
      description: get a movie
      # define the type of response for Success "200" and Error
      parameters:
        - name: id
          type: string
          in: path
          required: true
      responses:
        "200":
          description: Success
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/GetMovieResponse"
        default:
          description: Error
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/ErrorResponse"
    put:
      operationId: update
      description: update a movie
      # define the parameters
      parameters:
        - name: id
          description: Movie id
          type: string
          in: path
          required: true
        - name: title
          description: Movie properties
          in: body
          required: true
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/Movie"
      responses:
        "200":
          description: Success
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/GeneralResponse"
        default:
          description: Error
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/ErrorResponse"
    delete:
      operationId: delMovie
      description: delete a movie
      # define the parameters
      parameters:
        - name: id
          description: Movie id
          type: string
          in: path
          required: true
      responses:
        "200":
          description: Success
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/GeneralResponse"
        default:
          description: Error
          schema:
            $ref: "#/definitions/ErrorResponse"
  /swagger:
    x-swagger-pipe: swagger_raw
# complex objects have schema definitions
definitions:
  GetMoviesListResponse:
    required:
      - movies
    properties:
      # The array of movies
      movies:
        type: array
        items:
          type: object
          properties:
            id:
              type: string
            title:
              type: string
            year:
              type: number
  ErrorResponse:
    required:
      - message
    properties:
      message:
        type: string
  Movie:
    type: object
    properties:
      title:
        type: string
        description: task object name
      year:
        type: number
        description: task description
    required:
      - title
      - year
  GeneralResponse:
    type: object
    properties:
      success:
        type: number
        description: returns 1 if successful
      description:
        type: string
        description: a short comment
    required:
      - success
      - description
  GetMovieResponse:
    required:
      - id
      - title
      - year
    properties:
      id:
        type: string
      title:
        type: string
      year:
        type: number

其定义了下面的一些API REST接口,

这里写图片描述

4. 编辑 在api–>Controllers目录下新建一个movie.js文件

上面的API已经暴露出来了,但是直接调用的话,是调用不成功的。因为我们刚刚生成的swagger项目没有启动,movie-collection,为了返回我们想要的数据,
我们可以修改api–>Controllers–>movie.js文件,在修改文件之前,我们先安装一个nodejs的内存数据库包:crypto ,安装命令如下:

npm install crypto --save

安装好后,修改hello_world.js文件,把下面的代码黏贴上。

'use strict';
    // Include our "db"
    var db = require('../../config/db')();
    // Exports all the functions to perform on the db
    module.exports = {getAll, save, getOne, update, delMovie};

    //GET /movie operationId
    function getAll(req, res, next) {
      res.json({ movies: db.find()});
    }
    //POST /movie operationId
    function save(req, res, next) {
        res.json({success: db.save(req.body), description: "Movie added to the list!"});
    }
    //GET /movie/{id} operationId
    function getOne(req, res, next) {
        var id = req.swagger.params.id.value; //req.swagger contains the path parameters
        var movie = db.find(id);
        if(movie) {
            res.json(movie);
        }else {
            res.status(204).send();
        }
    }
    //PUT /movie/{id} operationId
    function update(req, res, next) {
        var id = req.swagger.params.id.value; //req.swagger contains the path parameters
        var movie = req.body;
        if(db.update(id, movie)){
            res.json({success: 1, description: "Movie updated!"});
        }else{
            res.status(204).send();
        }

    }
    //DELETE /movie/{id} operationId
    function delMovie(req, res, next) {
        var id = req.swagger.params.id.value; //req.swagger contains the path parameters
        if(db.remove(id)){
            res.json({success: 1, description: "Movie deleted!"});
        }else{
            res.status(204).send();
        }

    }

5. 启动movie-collection的swagger项目

通过下面的命令启动swagger的movie-collection项目

swagger project start

注意不能通过下面的命令启动,否则其只会启动debug模式

swagger project start -m

6. 直接swager edit页面进行测试

比如我们新创建一个movie的记录,从下面可以看出其创建成功了。

这里写图片描述

在创建一条,
这里写图片描述

然后,在得到所有的记录,可知前面两条记录创建成功。
这里写图片描述

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