How to design the testable software? You may always find some best practices about designing for scalable, extensible or maintainable. To be testable, the best way should be TDD. Followings are some tips from my real practices on TDD.
1 TDD is design process; it let you design for testing, naturally
Write the test firstly, it does not only help you find the bugs; but the most important point is to let you design for test naturally.
Also you should keep in mind, tests not only help you find bugs, but also protect your codes; when some changes impact on your existing codes, the tests will be broken.
2 Keep the implementation simple
Keep your implementation simple, just let the test pass. The complex implementation may introduce the logics or codes not covered by the tests, even leads some codes not testable.
3 TDD in each scope.
You may get to know the concept ATDD (acceptance test driven development). TDD could be used in every phase of the development and by the different granularity.
To ATDD, you could consider on using some existing framework such as FIT, these frameworks will be bridge between business logic and implementation logic.
Recently, the concept BDD (behavior driven development) is introduced to the ATDD process, so the BDD frameworks such as JBehave is also the good choice.
Different TDD process could be nested and should be nested don’t let your step too large.
4 keep each step small enough
Always keep each step small to avoid introducing the untestable codes or logics and pass each test quickly.
6 Always refactor
This step is always overlooked in TDD process; however it is the very important step. Also, never forget refactor should involve all your tests.
Why can't write test firstly?
1.not think how to meature the codes
2. The current step maybe too large, should separate into small ones
3. The codes with ugly dependencies
Chao Cai (蔡超)