关闭

Stringizing Operator (#)

1231人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报

在 assert.h 里面有个叫 _assert的函数 _CRTIMP void __cdecl _assert(void *, void *, unsigned);

也有这个#define assert(exp) (void)( (exp) || (_assert(#exp, __FILE__, __LINE__), 0) )

那么请问 #exp里面的 "#"是什么意思?运算符?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

转换为字符串
比如#define TURN(exp) #exp

在程序中可以写这样的语法
printf( "%s", TURN(test) );
输出结果为: test
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following example shows a macro definition that includes the stringizing operator and a main function that invokes the macro:

#define stringer( x ) printf( #x "/n" )

void main()
{
    stringer( In quotes in the printf function call/n );
    stringer( "In quotes when printed to the screen"/n );  
    stringer( "This: /"  prints an escaped double quote" );
}

Such invocations would be expanded during preprocessing, producing the following code:

void main()
{
   printf( "In quotes in the printf function call/n" "/n" );
   printf( "/"In quotes when printed to the screen/"/n" "/n" );
   printf( "/"This: ///" prints an escaped double quote/"" "/n" );
}

When the program is run, screen output for each line is as follows:

In quotes in the printf function call

"In quotes when printed to the screen"

"This: /" prints an escaped double quotation mark"

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

#, ##
The # and ## operators are used with the #define macro. Using # causes the first argument after the # to be returned as a string in quotes. Using ## concatenates what's before the ## with what's after it.

Example code:
For example, the command

   #define to_string( s ) # s          

will make the compiler turn this command

   cout << to_string( Hello World! ) << endl;              

into

   cout << "Hello World!" << endl;               

Here is an example of the ## command:

   #define concatenate( x, y ) x ## y
   ...
   int xy = 10;
   ...         

This code will make the compiler turn

   cout << concatenate( x, y ) << endl;            

into

   cout << xy << endl;             

which will, of course, display '10' to standard output.

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:245862次
    • 积分:3040
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第11895名
    • 原创:39篇
    • 转载:63篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:42条
    文章分类
    最新评论