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实现类似Windows资源管理器的DataGrid

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C#代码:

DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx

<%@ Page language="c#" Codebehind="DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx.cs"
 AutoEventWireup="false" Inherits="aspxWebCS.DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" >
<HTML>
<HEAD>
    <title>DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer</title>
    <meta name="GENERATOR" Content="Microsoft Visual Studio 7.0">
    <meta name="CODE_LANGUAGE" Content="C#">
    <meta name="vs_defaultClientScript" content="JavaScript">
    <meta name="vs_targetSchema" content="http://schemas.microsoft.com/intellisense/ie5">
    <style type="text/css">
  .gridtooltip {
   BORDER-RIGHT: black 1px solid;
   PADDING-RIGHT: 4px;
   BORDER-TOP: black 1px solid;
   PADDING-LEFT: 4px;
   Z-INDEX: 200;
   LEFT: 0px;
   VISIBILITY: hidden;
   PADDING-BOTTOM: 4px;
   FONT: 9pt bold 宋体;
   BORDER-LEFT: black 1px solid;
   WIDTH: 150px;
   COLOR: white;
   PADDING-TOP: 4px;
   BORDER-BOTTOM: black 1px solid;
   POSITION: absolute;
   TOP: 0px;
   BACKGROUND-COLOR: #ff3316
   }
    </style>
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
function showheadertip(idx)
{
var tooltip
if (document.getElementById)
tooltip = document.getElementById('htip' + idx)
else
tooltip = eval("document.all['htip" + idx + "']");
if (tooltip != null)
{
tooltip.style.pixelLeft = event.clientX + 5;
tooltip.style.pixelTop = event.clientY + 5;
tooltip.style.visibility = "visible";
}
}
function hideheadertip(idx)
{
var tooltip
if (document.getElementById)
tooltip = document.getElementById('htip' + idx)
else
tooltip = eval("document.all['htip" + idx + "']");
if (tooltip != null)
{
tooltip.style.visibility = "hidden";
}
}
</script>
</HEAD>
<body MS_POSITIONING="GridLayout">
<asp:PlaceHolder ID="Tips_PlaceHolder" Runat="server"></asp:PlaceHolder>
<form id="DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer" method="post" runat="server">
<div align="center">
<h4>Northwind职员表</h4>
<asp:DataGrid ID="WinExplorerView_DataGrid" Runat="server" BorderColor="#FF6600"
  BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="5px" BackColor="White" CellPadding="5" AllowSorting="True"
  AutoGenerateColumns="False" AllowPaging="True" GridLines="Horizontal" PageSize="5">
  <SelectedItemStyle Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" BackColor="#669999"></SelectedItemStyle>
  <ItemStyle ForeColor="#000066"></ItemStyle>
  <HeaderStyle Font-Bold="True" HorizontalAlign="Center" ForeColor="Navy" BackColor="#FFCC00"></HeaderStyle>
  <FooterStyle ForeColor="#000066" BackColor="White"></FooterStyle>
  <Columns>
    <asp:BoundColumn DataField="LastName" SortExpression="LastName" HeaderText="姓"></asp:BoundColumn>
    <asp:BoundColumn DataField="FirstName" SortExpression="FirstName" HeaderText="名字"></asp:BoundColumn>
    <asp:BoundColumn DataField="Title" SortExpression="Title" HeaderText="职位"></asp:BoundColumn>
    <asp:BoundColumn DataField="BirthDate" SortExpression="BirthDate" HeaderText="出生日期"
      DataFormatString="{0:d}"/></asp:BoundColumn>
    <asp:BoundColumn DataField="City" SortExpression="City" HeaderText="居住地"></asp:BoundColumn>
  </Columns>
  <PagerStyle HorizontalAlign="Left" ForeColor="#000066" BackColor="White" Mode="NumericPages"></PagerStyle>
</asp:DataGrid>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</HTML>

DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer.aspx.cs

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Caching;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;

namespace aspxWebCS
{
/// <summary>
/// DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer 的摘要说明。
/// </summary>
public class DataGridLikeWindowsExplorer : System.Web.UI.Page
{
 protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGrid WinExplorerView_DataGrid;
 protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataAdapter m_sqlDataAdapter;
 protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand m_sqlSelectCommand;
 protected System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection m_sqlConnection;
 protected System.Data.DataSet m_dsEmployees;
 protected System.Data.DataView m_dvEmployees;
 protected System.Collections.Hashtable colHeaderMap;

 protected string m_strSortExpr;
 protected string m_strSortOrder;
 protected int m_iSortColumnIdx;
 protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.PlaceHolder Tips_PlaceHolder;

 protected string strConn = "Data Source=.;User Id=sa;Password=;Initial Catalog=Northwind;";

 private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
 {
  m_iSortColumnIdx = -1;
  m_strSortExpr = "";
  m_strSortOrder = "";
  ProcessViewState();
  PrepareColumnHeaderMap();

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
   BindGridToView();
  }
 }

 private void PrepareColumnHeaderMap()
 {
  colHeaderMap = new Hashtable();
  int idx = 0;
  foreach (DataGridColumn col in WinExplorerView_DataGrid.Columns)
  {
   colHeaderMap[col.SortExpression] = idx++;
  }
 }

 private void RetrieveData()
 {
  if (null == Cache["EmployeesDS"])
  {
   string tmp = "SELECT LastName, FirstName, Title, BirthDate, City FROM Employees";
   m_sqlConnection = new SqlConnection(strConn);
   m_sqlSelectCommand = new SqlCommand(tmp, m_sqlConnection);
   m_sqlDataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(m_sqlSelectCommand);
   m_dsEmployees = new DataSet("Employees");
   m_sqlDataAdapter.Fill(m_dsEmployees);
   Cache.Insert("EmployeesDS", m_dsEmployees, null, DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(1), Cache.NoSlidingExpiration);
  }
  else
  {
   m_dsEmployees = (DataSet)Cache["EmployeesDS"];
  }
 }

 private void ProcessViewState()
 {
  if (null != ViewState["SortExpr"])
  {
   m_strSortExpr = ViewState["SortExpr"].ToString();
  }
  if (null != ViewState["SortOrder"])
  {
   m_strSortOrder = ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString();
  }
 }

 private void BindGridToView()
 {
  string strSort = "";
  if (0 != m_strSortExpr.Length)
  {
   strSort = m_strSortExpr;
   if (0 != m_strSortOrder.Length)
   {
    strSort += (" " + m_strSortOrder);
   }
  }
  RetrieveData();

  m_dvEmployees = new DataView(m_dsEmployees.Tables[0], "", strSort, DataViewRowState.CurrentRows);
  WinExplorerView_DataGrid.DataSource = m_dvEmployees;
  WinExplorerView_DataGrid.DataBind();
 }

 private Color GetSortColumnColor()
 {
  if (null == this.m_strSortOrder ||
   String.Empty == this.m_strSortOrder||
   0 == this.m_strSortOrder.Length)
  {
   return Color.Gold;
  }

  if (m_strSortOrder.CompareTo("ASC") == 0)
  {
   return Color.Gold;
  }
  else
  {
   return Color.BlanchedAlmond;
  }
 }

 private void OnPageIndexChange(object source, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridPageChangedEventArgs e)
 {
  WinExplorerView_DataGrid.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;
  BindGridToView();
 }

 private void OnSortView(object source, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridSortCommandEventArgs e)
 {
  m_strSortExpr = e.SortExpression;
  ViewState["SortExpr"] = m_strSortExpr;

  if (0 == m_strSortOrder.Length)
  {
   m_strSortOrder = "ASC";
  }
  else if (m_strSortOrder.CompareTo("ASC") == 0)
  {
   m_strSortOrder = "DESC";
  }
  else
  {
   m_strSortOrder = "ASC";
  }
  ViewState["SortOrder"] = m_strSortOrder;
  // 找到Click事件所在的列序号
  m_iSortColumnIdx = Convert.ToInt32(this.colHeaderMap[m_strSortExpr]);
  BindGridToView();
 }

 private void OnItemCreated(object sender, System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventArgs e)
 {
  if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Header)
  {
   int idx = 0;
   foreach (TableCell cl in e.Item.Cells)
   {
    cl.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "showheadertip(" + idx.ToString() + ");");
    cl.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "hideheadertip(" + idx.ToString() + ");");
    idx++;
   }
  }
  if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item ||
   e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem)
  {
   if (-1 != m_iSortColumnIdx)
   {
    e.Item.Cells[m_iSortColumnIdx].BackColor = GetSortColumnColor();
   }
  }
 }

 protected override void OnPreRender(EventArgs e)
 {
  ///ToolTip文字
  int nCount = this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.Columns.Count;
  for (int i = 0; i < nCount; i++)
  {
   Panel pnl = new Panel();
   pnl.CssClass = "gridtooltip";
   pnl.ID = "htip" + i.ToString();
   Literal lt = new Literal();
   lt.Text = this.GetHeaderTooltipText(i);
   pnl.Controls.Add(lt);
   this.Tips_PlaceHolder.Controls.Add(pnl);
  }
  base.OnPreRender (e);
 }

 private string GetHeaderTooltipText(int iColIdx)
 {
  switch (iColIdx)
  {
   case 0:
    return "职员的姓";
   case 1:
    return "职员名字";
   case 2:
    return "职员的职位";
   case 3:
    return "出生日期";
   case 4:
    return "居住地";
   default:
    throw new ArgumentException("无效地列序号", "Index");
  }
 }

#region Web Form Designer generated code
 override protected void OnInit(EventArgs e)
 {
  InitializeComponent();
  base.OnInit(e);
 }

 private void InitializeComponent()
 {
  this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.ItemCreated +=
   new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridItemEventHandler(this.OnItemCreated);
  this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.PageIndexChanged +=
   new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridPageChangedEventHandler(this.OnPageIndexChange);
  this.WinExplorerView_DataGrid.SortCommand +=
   new System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridSortCommandEventHandler(this.OnSortView);
  this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Load);
 }
#endregion
}
}

 

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